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Traumatic brain injury

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Transcript

  • 1. Traumatic Brain injury
    Karen Pinkston
    &
    Amber Underwood
  • 2. Definition
    Traumatic Brain injury is damage to the brain as a result of an injury.
  • 3. Rates
    • The estimated rate of occurrence is 618 per 100,000.
    • 4. A few common causes are sports injuries, vehicle accidents, falls, violence, or construction.
  • 5. Characteristics
    Behavioral characteristics could include:
    memory deficits
    confusion
    cognitive processing issues
    frustration
    loss of impulse control
    chemical imbalance in brain that may causes mood changes
  • 6. Physical Characteristics
    Physical Characteristics all depend on the severity of the injury.
    They could include anything from vomiting, nausea, problems with motor coordination, headaches, difficulty awakening, slurred speech, blurred or loss of vision, pupil dilation, fatigue, convulsions, or even death.
  • 7. Educational Needs
    • Early intervention to help with difficulty in memory.
    • 8. Extra time to process the information because of their short attention span.
    • 9. Identification of skills, knowledge, and capabilities.
    • 10. Help with educational skills.
    • 11. Realistic goals.
    • 12. Guidance in problem solving.
  • Educational Needs cont.
    • Material should be presented orally or with more pictures.
    • 13. The child needs to be allowed to respond in various ways, such as pointing or verbally.
    • 14. They should be allowed resting opportunities.
    • 15. They need adaptations and flexibility in leaving the classroom.
  • Organizations
  • 16. Resources
    • Traumatic Brain Injury: AGuidebook for Educators (1995) reprinted 2002.
    • 17. Description: TBI Educational Network: A Representative Network
    • 18. Betty Clooney Foundation
    www.bcftbi.org/resouces
    • Center for Nuero Skills
    www.nueroskills.com
  • 19. Resources for the parent
    • Brain Injury Resource Center
    www.headinjury.com/families
    • Family Caregiver Alliance
    www.caregiver.org
    • www.headinjury.com/families
  • Ways to help in the classroom
    • Children should be allowed to sit in the front of the class to avoid distractions.
    • 20. Color-code material for each class on an index card.
    • 21. Supply needed breaks, including nurses office to rest.
    • 22. They should be allowed more time to complete work. It may take two or three times more to process than before injury.
  • Bibliography
    • www.mayoclinic.com/health/traumatic_brain_injury
    • 23. www.biomedcentral.com
    • 24. www.emsc.nysed.gov/specialed/tbc
    • 25. www.braininjury.com
    • 26. http://speech-language-pathology-audiology.advanceweb.com/Article/Classroom-strategies-Help-Students-with-TBI