What is it?• Châteaux are what we Americans would call castles, sometimes palaces. The châteaux of the Loire valley are located in towns along the Loire River in France.• Rulers of France, those in favor of the rulers, or wealthy people are the ones who built the châteaux.
The Loire Valley?? Loire??• The Loire Valley is located along the middle of the Loire river and is in central France• The Loire is the longest river in France and spreads over more than a fifth of France’s land
Why?• Châteaux were not built for attraction. They were built during the Renaissance and they were built as places of residence, not for attraction.• While people did want them to be attractive, they were meant as places to live out their lives or spend summers.
Château de Chambord • It was created during the Renaissance • It is the largest château of the châteaux in the Loire ValleyIt was created by KingFrançois IHis inspiration for thiswork of art was Leonardoda Vinci
Why did he build it?• King François I actually built the Château de Chambord so that he could be closer to his mistress!• It was also built as a hunting lodge. He stayed at two other châteaux, so this was just to show his power practically
Architecture• The castle was much like other castles• It had gardens; water features, meaning a moat; a keep; and corner towers It has self-contained suites, a departure of corridor rooms, a central keep with four bastion towers.It holds 440 rooms, 365 fireplaces, and 84 staircasesIt was never intended to have defenses, so the moats andtowers are only for decoration
History!• Because of the Italian War of 1521-1526, the building had to be stopped. Of course, there were other reasons, such as there being no funds and they had difficulty laying the foundations, but that was the major reason. By the time 1524 came around, the walls weren’t only but just over ground level• In 1526, the building was resumed and some 1,8000 workers built the château.• In 1547, when King François died, they had already spent 444,070 livres (the French dollar at the time) The château was not built for long stays. It did not have a village around it to supply food so the people usually survived off of the game that they brought in with them.• Because it wasn’t meant for long stays, each time the King came out they would bring furniture, wall coverings, and eating implements. The château was unfurnished because it wasn’t meant for long stays, so each time the King came, they had to bring all of the necessities fit for a King.• After King François death, the château practically went ignored. In 1639, King Louis XIII gave the château to his brother, Gaston d’Orléans. Gaston saved the château from despair and did a ton of restoration work. King Louis XIV had the keep restored and furnished all of the royal apartments. He also added a 1,200 horse stable, something that would be very much needed.• The château went through many periods when it was ignored. Le pouvre!
More History! • In 1792, around the time of the Revolution, the Revolutionary government sold the furnishings of the Château de Chambord. The wall panelings were removed, floors were taken up and sold, and doors were even burnt to keep the rooms warm while they held the auctions. Château de Chambord remained empty and forgotten until Napoleon Bonaparte gave it to a subordinate.When World War I started, all hope was lost for any hope of restoration. • During the Franco- In 1915, Château de Chambord was taken by the enemy, but the Duke of Prussian War the Château Parma sued to get it back. The dispute was not settled until 1932. de Chambord was used as Restoration was then continued a few years after World War II ended a field hospital. Now it is a major tourist attraction that some of us will be visiting when we go to France!
Château Stay!• The name of the château I picked is Château de Bienveillant! It’s located in the Pyrénées Mountains.• It was built by the Monpezat family in the early 16th century. There’s not much other history besides that.• The interior of the Château de Bienveillant is very Renaissance. It has all the styles, while being up to date enough so that it is safe to sleep in. They have rich warm colors (I advise going there during the winter, that way it doesn’t seem so stuffy) and it looks like a place that I would love to stay!• They have a lot of good amenities that I would expect any hotel to have. Though it’s not a hotel so it did shock me a bit to find some stuff. They allow pets, which is very important for animal lovers, and they also have a heated outdoor pool. That I found shocking, considering the fact that some hotels don’t even heat their pools. It holds 22 people, I found that to seem like not a lot, but when I actually thought about it, it does seem like a lot.
Château Stay Con...• In the surrounding area you are able to do multiple things: tennis courts are in the village, which is very close • horseback riding is only 15 minutes away • taking a 45-minute drive you can go golfing (something that I’m not very interested in, but hey, to each their own) hunting and fishing, although you have to have a license, are able on the grounds of the château • mountain climbing and skiing are very able with a 45-minute drive also white-water rafter and parasailing
If I Stayed... If I stayed at the Château I would stay for two weeks.I would arrive on the 8thof October and leave onthe 20th of October.That would cost me 17,643euros. In dollars that would be $23,297.87 Yeesh! That’s expensive!
Sources• http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/80/France_Loir-et-Cher_Chambord_Chateau_03.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%C3%A2teau_de_Chambord• http://www.a-castle-for-rent.com/castles/chambord.htm• http://www.a-castle-for-rent.com/castles/images/Chambord2.jpg http://www.a-castle-for-rent.com/castles/images/Chambord4.jpg• http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9b/Chambord_castle%2C_aerial_view.jpg• http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/78/Loire_Cher_Chambord3_tango7174.jpg http://www.holiday-chateau.com/search_by_region/france_belgium/pyrenees/chateau_le_bienveillant/general_history/ (used for all things on the Château de Bienveillant, even the pictures)