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    Edu powerpoint presentation Edu powerpoint presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Various Concentration Camps
      Nazi Germany:
      A.Young
      World History
      October 12, 2010
      • The Nazis had approximately 15,000 concentration camps throughout their occupied territories.
      • Not all of them were death camps. Some were just transit or holding camps.
      • In this lesson, we are going to focus on some of the more well known or bigger camps and the people who were held in them.
    • Auschwitz - Birkenau
      - Extermination and labour camp.
      • Poland.
      • Actively used from April 1940 to January 1945.
      • 3 major camps, 51 sub-camps.
      • Major camps: Auschwitz I (Stammlager) or main camp, Auschwitz II (Birkenau), an extermination camp, and Auschwitz III (Monowitz) a work camp.
      Gate reads “Labour Makes You Free”.
      • Estimated 2.1 to 2.5 million killed.
      • Gas chambers, mass shootings and crematorium.
      • Main camp made to house 30,000.
      • Men, women, children
      • Poles, Jews, Gypsies, and Communists.
      • Arrived by train
      • Registered, tattooed, undressed, deloused, shaven & showered.
      • Only 10 percent survived arrival at Birkenau in 1942-43.
      • Gas chambers were “bunkers”
      • From Jan. 1942 to March 1943, 175,000 gassed.
      • 105,000 from Jan to March ‘43.
      • 836,525 women’s clothing, 348,820 men’s clothing.
      • 43,525 shoes, 460 fake limbs and 7 tons of human hair.
      Railroad entrance
    • Treblinka
      • Established in 1941
      • Forced labour camp
      • Treblinka I (main camp), Treblinka II (extermination camp).
      • Poland
      • July 23, 1942: Warsaw Ghetto evacuation.
      Photo of the Treblinka train station.
      • 3 gas chambers, expanded to 6.
      • Personals gathered & sent to Germany.
      • Rebellion: August 1943.
      • Of 750, 70 made it to freedom.
      • 17,000 symbolic tombstones
      • Represent towns, villages and countries.
      Photo of remembrance stones
    • Sobibor
      • Poland
      • March 1942
      • Two camps, three parts
      • Administration, barracks and storage, and extermination, burial and cremation.
      • Second extermination camp in AktionReinhard. (Operation Reinhard).
      Map of the camp from memory of an SS officer.
      • May to June 1942
      • 100,000 murdered approx.
      • Oct 1942 to Spring 1943:
      • 70-80,000 Galician Jews
      • 145-150,000 Governmental Jews
      • Roughly 250,000 murdered.
      • Uprising on October 14,1943:
      • 300 escaped, 50 survived it all.
      • Liquidated in Oct 1943.
      Plaque at Sobibor
    • Dachau
      • Opened on March 22,1933.
      • Political Prisoners
      • First camp in Germany
      • Prototype.
      • Occupied from 1933 – 1960.
      Picture of Dachau entrance today.
      • 1945 to 1948: housed SS officers.
      • Recorded intake of 206,206. 31,951 died.
      • Second camp liberated.
      • Between 1933 to 1945, more than 3 million prisoners approximately.
      Gate at Dachau.
      Labour Makes You Free
    • Concentration Camps Today
      • Auschwitz – Birkenau:
      • Established museum in 1947.
      • Plaque.
      • Treblinka:
      • Open field with tombstones. Orginally a farm after.
      • Mass grave in middle.
      • Sobibor:
      • 1961: first memorial built.
      • Memorial and Museum.
      • Dachau:
      • 1965: Memorial site opened.
      • Seminars and tours offered.
    • Sources
      • http://www.cityscouter.com/pictures/munich/Dachau-Concentration-Camp-Photos.html
      • http://isurvived.org/AUSCHWITZ_TheCamp.html
      • http://www.deathcamps.org/sobibor/sobibor.html
      • http://www.jewishgen.org/ForgottenCamps/index.html
      • http://www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de/index-e.html
      • http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/othercamps/galleries/auschmodern/index.html
      • http://isurvived.org/TOC-VI.html
      • http://www.cephas-library.com/israel/Treblinka%20-%20A%20Forensic%20Examination.html
      • http://sobibor.accommo.pl/?lang=en
      • http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/dachau1.html