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Edu powerpoint presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Various Concentration Camps
    Nazi Germany:
    A.Young
    World History
    October 12, 2010
  • 2.
    • The Nazis had approximately 15,000 concentration camps throughout their occupied territories.
    • 3. Not all of them were death camps. Some were just transit or holding camps.
    • 4. In this lesson, we are going to focus on some of the more well known or bigger camps and the people who were held in them.
  • Auschwitz - Birkenau
    - Extermination and labour camp.
    • Poland.
    • 5. Actively used from April 1940 to January 1945.
    • 6. 3 major camps, 51 sub-camps.
    • 7. Major camps: Auschwitz I (Stammlager) or main camp, Auschwitz II (Birkenau), an extermination camp, and Auschwitz III (Monowitz) a work camp.
    Gate reads “Labour Makes You Free”.
  • 8.
    • Estimated 2.1 to 2.5 million killed.
    • 9. Gas chambers, mass shootings and crematorium.
    • 10. Main camp made to house 30,000.
    • 11. Men, women, children
    • 12. Poles, Jews, Gypsies, and Communists.
    • 13. Arrived by train
    • 14. Registered, tattooed, undressed, deloused, shaven & showered.
    • 15. Only 10 percent survived arrival at Birkenau in 1942-43.
    • 16. Gas chambers were “bunkers”
    • 17. From Jan. 1942 to March 1943, 175,000 gassed.
    • 18. 105,000 from Jan to March ‘43.
    • 19. 836,525 women’s clothing, 348,820 men’s clothing.
    • 20. 43,525 shoes, 460 fake limbs and 7 tons of human hair.
    Railroad entrance
  • 21. Treblinka
    • Established in 1941
    • 22. Forced labour camp
    • 23. Treblinka I (main camp), Treblinka II (extermination camp).
    • 24. Poland
    • 25. July 23, 1942: Warsaw Ghetto evacuation.
    Photo of the Treblinka train station.
  • 26.
    • 3 gas chambers, expanded to 6.
    • 27. Personals gathered & sent to Germany.
    • 28. Rebellion: August 1943.
    • 29. Of 750, 70 made it to freedom.
    • 30. 17,000 symbolic tombstones
    • 31. Represent towns, villages and countries.
    Photo of remembrance stones
  • 32. Sobibor
    • Poland
    • 33. March 1942
    • 34. Two camps, three parts
    • 35. Administration, barracks and storage, and extermination, burial and cremation.
    • 36. Second extermination camp in AktionReinhard. (Operation Reinhard).
    Map of the camp from memory of an SS officer.
  • 37.
    • May to June 1942
    • 38. 100,000 murdered approx.
    • 39. Oct 1942 to Spring 1943:
    • 40. 70-80,000 Galician Jews
    • 41. 145-150,000 Governmental Jews
    • 42. Roughly 250,000 murdered.
    • 43. Uprising on October 14,1943:
    • 44. 300 escaped, 50 survived it all.
    • 45. Liquidated in Oct 1943.
    Plaque at Sobibor
  • 46. Dachau
    • Opened on March 22,1933.
    • 47. Political Prisoners
    • 48. First camp in Germany
    • 49. Prototype.
    • 50. Occupied from 1933 – 1960.
    Picture of Dachau entrance today.
  • 51.
    • 1945 to 1948: housed SS officers.
    • 52. Recorded intake of 206,206. 31,951 died.
    • 53. Second camp liberated.
    • 54. Between 1933 to 1945, more than 3 million prisoners approximately.
    Gate at Dachau.
    Labour Makes You Free
  • 55. Concentration Camps Today
    • Auschwitz – Birkenau:
    • 56. Established museum in 1947.
    • 57. Plaque.
    • 58. Treblinka:
    • 59. Open field with tombstones. Orginally a farm after.
    • 60. Mass grave in middle.
    • 61. Sobibor:
    • 62. 1961: first memorial built.
    • 63. Memorial and Museum.
    • 64. Dachau:
    • 65. 1965: Memorial site opened.
    • 66. Seminars and tours offered.
  • Sources
    • http://www.cityscouter.com/pictures/munich/Dachau-Concentration-Camp-Photos.html
    • 67. http://isurvived.org/AUSCHWITZ_TheCamp.html
    • 68. http://www.deathcamps.org/sobibor/sobibor.html
    • 69. http://www.jewishgen.org/ForgottenCamps/index.html
    • 70. http://www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de/index-e.html
    • 71. http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/othercamps/galleries/auschmodern/index.html
    • 72. http://isurvived.org/TOC-VI.html
    • 73. http://www.cephas-library.com/israel/Treblinka%20-%20A%20Forensic%20Examination.html
    • 74. http://sobibor.accommo.pl/?lang=en
    • 75. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/dachau1.html