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Various Concentration Camps<br />Nazi Germany: <br />A.Young<br />World History<br />October 12, 2010<br />
<ul><li>The Nazis had approximately 15,000 concentration camps throughout their occupied territories.
Not all of them were death camps. Some were just transit or holding camps.
In this lesson, we are going to focus on some of the more well known or bigger camps and the people who were held in them....
Actively used from April 1940 to January 1945.
3 major camps, 51 sub-camps.
Major camps: Auschwitz I (Stammlager) or main camp, Auschwitz II (Birkenau), an extermination camp, and Auschwitz III (Mon...
<ul><li>Estimated 2.1 to 2.5 million killed.
Gas chambers, mass shootings and crematorium.
Main camp made to house 30,000.
Men, women, children
Poles, Jews, Gypsies, and Communists.
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  1. 1. Various Concentration Camps<br />Nazi Germany: <br />A.Young<br />World History<br />October 12, 2010<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Nazis had approximately 15,000 concentration camps throughout their occupied territories.
  3. 3. Not all of them were death camps. Some were just transit or holding camps.
  4. 4. In this lesson, we are going to focus on some of the more well known or bigger camps and the people who were held in them. </li></li></ul><li>Auschwitz - Birkenau<br /> - Extermination and labour camp. <br /><ul><li>Poland.
  5. 5. Actively used from April 1940 to January 1945.
  6. 6. 3 major camps, 51 sub-camps.
  7. 7. Major camps: Auschwitz I (Stammlager) or main camp, Auschwitz II (Birkenau), an extermination camp, and Auschwitz III (Monowitz) a work camp. </li></ul>Gate reads “Labour Makes You Free”.<br />
  8. 8. <ul><li>Estimated 2.1 to 2.5 million killed.
  9. 9. Gas chambers, mass shootings and crematorium.
  10. 10. Main camp made to house 30,000.
  11. 11. Men, women, children
  12. 12. Poles, Jews, Gypsies, and Communists.
  13. 13. Arrived by train
  14. 14. Registered, tattooed, undressed, deloused, shaven & showered.
  15. 15. Only 10 percent survived arrival at Birkenau in 1942-43.
  16. 16. Gas chambers were “bunkers”
  17. 17. From Jan. 1942 to March 1943, 175,000 gassed.
  18. 18. 105,000 from Jan to March ‘43.
  19. 19. 836,525 women’s clothing, 348,820 men’s clothing.
  20. 20. 43,525 shoes, 460 fake limbs and 7 tons of human hair.</li></ul>Railroad entrance <br />
  21. 21. Treblinka<br /><ul><li>Established in 1941
  22. 22. Forced labour camp
  23. 23. Treblinka I (main camp), Treblinka II (extermination camp).
  24. 24. Poland
  25. 25. July 23, 1942: Warsaw Ghetto evacuation.</li></ul>Photo of the Treblinka train station.<br />
  26. 26. <ul><li>3 gas chambers, expanded to 6.
  27. 27. Personals gathered & sent to Germany.
  28. 28. Rebellion: August 1943.
  29. 29. Of 750, 70 made it to freedom.
  30. 30. 17,000 symbolic tombstones
  31. 31. Represent towns, villages and countries.</li></ul>Photo of remembrance stones<br />
  32. 32. Sobibor<br /><ul><li>Poland
  33. 33. March 1942
  34. 34. Two camps, three parts
  35. 35. Administration, barracks and storage, and extermination, burial and cremation.
  36. 36. Second extermination camp in AktionReinhard. (Operation Reinhard).</li></ul>Map of the camp from memory of an SS officer.<br />
  37. 37. <ul><li>May to June 1942
  38. 38. 100,000 murdered approx.
  39. 39. Oct 1942 to Spring 1943:
  40. 40. 70-80,000 Galician Jews
  41. 41. 145-150,000 Governmental Jews
  42. 42. Roughly 250,000 murdered.
  43. 43. Uprising on October 14,1943:
  44. 44. 300 escaped, 50 survived it all.
  45. 45. Liquidated in Oct 1943. </li></ul>Plaque at Sobibor<br />
  46. 46. Dachau<br /><ul><li>Opened on March 22,1933.
  47. 47. Political Prisoners
  48. 48. First camp in Germany
  49. 49. Prototype.
  50. 50. Occupied from 1933 – 1960. </li></ul>Picture of Dachau entrance today.<br />
  51. 51. <ul><li>1945 to 1948: housed SS officers.
  52. 52. Recorded intake of 206,206. 31,951 died.
  53. 53. Second camp liberated.
  54. 54. Between 1933 to 1945, more than 3 million prisoners approximately. </li></ul>Gate at Dachau. <br />Labour Makes You Free<br />
  55. 55. Concentration Camps Today<br /><ul><li>Auschwitz – Birkenau:
  56. 56. Established museum in 1947.
  57. 57. Plaque.
  58. 58. Treblinka:
  59. 59. Open field with tombstones. Orginally a farm after.
  60. 60. Mass grave in middle.
  61. 61. Sobibor:
  62. 62. 1961: first memorial built.
  63. 63. Memorial and Museum.
  64. 64. Dachau:
  65. 65. 1965: Memorial site opened.
  66. 66. Seminars and tours offered. </li></li></ul><li>Sources<br /><ul><li>http://www.cityscouter.com/pictures/munich/Dachau-Concentration-Camp-Photos.html
  67. 67. http://isurvived.org/AUSCHWITZ_TheCamp.html
  68. 68. http://www.deathcamps.org/sobibor/sobibor.html
  69. 69. http://www.jewishgen.org/ForgottenCamps/index.html
  70. 70. http://www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de/index-e.html
  71. 71. http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/othercamps/galleries/auschmodern/index.html
  72. 72. http://isurvived.org/TOC-VI.html
  73. 73. http://www.cephas-library.com/israel/Treblinka%20-%20A%20Forensic%20Examination.html
  74. 74. http://sobibor.accommo.pl/?lang=en
  75. 75. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/dachau1.html</li>
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