Genre study (poetry & verse)Presentation Transcript
Poetry & VerseBy Amber CokashRLA526
From Shel Silverstein’sWhere the Sidewalk Ends
When you think of poetry, whatwords come to mind?
What is poetry?• An invitation to the senses to experience language in a unique way…• The ability to evoke emotions, as well as a deeper sense of thinking…• “Writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through meaning, sound and rhythm.” (Merriam-Webster Dictionary definition) http://www.poetry.org/whatis.htm A helpful website about the origins of poetry
Poetry is popular today, especially with children. The Disney Channel has a series of commercial-length videos that play in between shows. Many of the poems are narrated by famous people, including Vanessa Williams, Jessica Alba and Whoopi Goldberg. This video is for the poem “Mice” by Rose Fyleman and narrated by Katie Holmes.http://disney.go.com/disneyjunior/a-poem-is/a-poem-is-videos-episodes/mice-1832782
Another video from The Disney Channel’s series “A Poem Is…” This is Jennifer Garner narrating the Mother’s Song lullaby.http://disney.go.com/disneyjunior/a-poem-is/a-poem-is-videos-episodes/mothers-song- 1832775
It all comes down to the language…• Whether it’s the flow of the language or the imagery it produces, poetry is an experience of words and language.• Poetry began in the oral tradition, with storytelling. Epic poems, such as Homer’s The Iliad and The Odyssey are two of the most famous.• Read the poem out loud and let your ears be the initial judge.• How is the flow? The rhythm? How does the poem sound when read aloud?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Il5ERdRTiGg The link will bring you to an audio book reading of The Odyssey.
History of children’s poetry Nursery rhymes, manners and collections of sayings are included in this interactive timeline of children’s poetry.http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/111225
The many forms of poetry… • Narrative (tells a story) http://pbskids.org/arthur/games/poetry/narrative.html • Lyrical (rhyming schemes that express emotional feelings) http://pbskids.org/arthur/games/poetry/lyric.html • Free verse (no discernible pattern; flows freely on the page) http://pbskids.org/arthur/games/poetry/free_verse.html (Hancock, p.133)
More forms of poetry… • Haiku (17 syllables in 3 lines with a focus on seasons or symbols of a season) • http://pbskids.org/arthur/games/poetry/haiku.html • Limerick (5 line poem where the 1st, 2nd, and 5th lines rhyme and the 3rd and 4th lines rhyme)One of the most famous limericks is “Hickory Dickory Dock.” This link will bring you to a video clip for the poem. Follow along with the rhyming pattern. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=afh_jTTzbm8
Still more forms of poetry! • Concrete (carries a portion of its meaning through its shape) Poem from Outside the Lines:Poetry at Play by Brad Burg.
What makes a great poem?Author & educator Joan I. Glazer cites 5 basic criteria to distinguish a great poem: 1. A fresh/original view of the subject is presented 2. Insight/emotion is shown or felt 3. Poetic devices are used effectively 4. Language is used effectively 5. The voice or persona within the poem appears to be sincere (Hancock, p. 139)
Suggested poetry… Kindergarten to 2nd grade Classic Green Eggs & Ham by Dr. Seuss DRA 16 Interest level K-2 Read aloud or independent Summary: Sam-I-Am mounts a determined campaign to convince another Seuss character to eat a plate of green eggs and ham. Dr. Seuss turns 50 easy words into magic in this time-honored classic. (Borrowed from Scholastic’s website: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/book/green-eggs-and-ham) Efferent Aesthetic Which words did Dr. Seuss use to rhyme Have you ever had to try something to eat with box? that you didn’t like? Were you like Sam-I-Am or the other character? Did you learn a lesson from this story? If so, what is it?Seuss, D. (19881960). Green eggs and ham. New York: Beginner Books.
Kindergarten to 2nd grade Classic Chicka Chicka Boom Boom by Bill Martin & John Archambult Reading level 1.9 Interest level Grade K-2 Read aloud or independent read Summary: An adventurous rhyme about the alphabet and what happens when they all try to climb a coconut tree. The whimsical and catchy verses will have readers (and listeners alike) bouncing with the sing-song melody of the words. Brightly colored illustrations pair nicely with the fun story. Efferent Aesthetic What happened when all of the letters were in Why do you think the letter “a” snuck out of the coconut tree? bed at the end of the story? Which letter got a black-eye from falling out of the tree?Martin, B., Archambault, J., & Ehlert, L. (1989). Chicka chicka boom boom. New York: Simon & Schuster Books for Young Readers.
Kindergarten to 2nd grade Classic Panda Bear, Panda Bear, What Do You See? by Bill Martin Jr. & Eric Carle Reading level DRA 4 Interest level K-2 Read aloud or independent Summary: “A Bald Eagle soars, a Spider Monkey swings, a Macaroni Penguin struts, and a Red Wolf sneaks through Bill Martin Jrs rhythmic text and Eric Carles vibrant images, and all are watched over by our best hope for the future — a dreaming child.” (Borrowed from Scholastic’s website: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/book/panda-bear-panda-bear-what-do-you-see) Efferent Aesthetic What is the first animal that the panda bear sees? Why does the Dreaming Child see the animals “all wild and free” at the end of the story? What is the sea lion doing “by me?”Martin, B., & Carle, E. (2003). Panda Bear, Panda Bear, what do you see?. New York: H. Holt.
Kindergarten to 2nd grade Contemporary Outside the Lines: Poetry at Play by Brad Burg & Rebecca Gibbon Reading level 2.5 Interest level K-3 Group or independent read (with everyone able to see pictures) Summary: A collection of concrete poems with beautiful illustrations. Twenty-two poems that bring the reader down slides and zig-zagging through a soccer field. The illustrations pull the reader in and make the poems even more entertaining. Efferent Aesthetic What is something else found outside that the Which poem was your favorite? Why? author could have written another poem about? Did you find any of the poems difficult to read because of the pictures/layout? Which one(s) and why?Burg, B., & Gibbon, R. (2002). Outside the lines: poetry at play. New York: G.P. Putnams Sons.
Kindergarten to 2nd grade Contemporary Yo! Yes? by Chris Raschka DRA 4 Interest level Grade 3-5 Read aloud (with two students—one taking each part) Summary: "An effective, unusual 34-word story of the beginnings of a friendship, accompanied by wild and wonderful illustrations. Against pastel backgrounds, in vibrant, colorful images, an African-American boy and a white boy meet on the street. [Their] one- and two-word exchanges on each spread lead to a tentative offer of friendship, sealed as both boys jump high in the air and yell "Yow!" — School Library Journal, starred review (Borrowed from Scholastic’s website: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/book/yo-yes). Efferent Aesthetic Why is the second boy sad in the poem? Have you ever said “hi” to someone you walk past without knowing them? Do the boys become friends at the end of the poem? How can you tell?Raschka, C. (19981993). Yo! Yes?. New York: Orchard Books.
Kindergarten to 2nd grade Contemporary Meow Ruff: A Story in Concrete Poetry by Joyce Sidman & Michelle Berg Lexile Level: 140L Interest level K-2 Group read aloud (with specific attention to words in pictures) Summary: This is an adorable picture book of concrete poetry that stars a cat and dog who become friends after braving a thunderstorm together. The pictures are packed with detail. Vocabulary is also used to help illustrate the story. Efferent Aesthetic Do the dog and cat get along in the beginning of Which was your favorite description (i.e. the the book? Which picture shows this? cloud, picnic table, etc)? Why? What are some words used to describe the sidewalk?Sidman, J., & Berg, M. (2006). Meow ruff. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
3rd to 4th grade Classic A Light in the Attic by Shel Silverstein DRA 40 Interest level Grade 3-5 Independent, group or read aloud Summary: “Here in the attic of Shel Silverstein you will find Backward Bill, Sour Face Ann, the Meehoo with an Exactlywatt, and the Polar Bear in the Frigidaire. You will talk with the Broiled Face, and find out what happens when someone steals your knees, you get caught by the Quick-Digesting Gink, a mountain snores, and they’ve put a brassiere on the camel. From the creator of the beloved poetry collections Where the Sidewalk Ends and Falling Up, here is another wondrous book of poems and drawings.” (Borrowed from Scholastic’s website: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/book/light-attic) Efferent Aesthetic What article of clothing is forgotten in the poem How would you react if you saw an eyeball in a “Something Missing?” gumball machine? (“Gumeye Ball”) Have you ever come up with a silly excuse for something? If so, what was the excuse and what situation was it for? (“Kidnapped!”)Silverstein, S. (1981). A light in the attic. New York, N.Y.: Harper & Row.
3rd to 4th grade Classic Where the Sidewalk Ends by Shel Silverstein Reading level 3.9 Interest level Grade 3-5 Independent, group or read aloud Summary: “Where the sidewalk ends, is where Shel Silverstein’ s world begins. You’ll meet a boy who turns into a TV set, and a girl who eats a whale, as well as Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout who will not take the garbage out. It is a place where you wash your shadow and plant diamond gardens, a place where shoes fly, sisters are auctioned off, and crocodiles go to the dentist. Shel Silverstein’s masterful collection of poems and drawings is at once outrageously funny and profound.” (Borrowed from Scholastic’s website: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/book/where-sidewalk- ends) Efferent Aesthetic What types of people does the author invite into Have you ever felt like the character in the poem the book? (“Invitation”) “Sick?” If so, when/what was the situation? What are three things that “Hector the Collector” collected?Silverstein, S. (1974). Where the sidewalk ends the poems & drawings of Shel Silverstein. New York, N.Y.: HarperCollins Publishers.
3rd to 4th grade Classic A Visit to William Blake’s Inn by Nancy Willard and Alice & Martin Provensen Reading level 4.8 Interest level Grade 3-5 Independent or group (with discussion) Summary: This book is a collection of poems by William Blake. Although the inn is fiction, the illustrations make the reader feel that this imaginary place could have actually existed. The last page offers readers (and travelers) advice from William Blake himself. Efferent Aesthetic Did William Blake actually own an inn or was it What do you think Blake’s advice to travelers (at an imaginary setting? the end of the book) means? Why? Find an example of personification in one of the poems.Willard, N., Provensen, A., & Provensen, M. (1981). A visit to William Blakes inn for innocent and experienced travelers . New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
3rd to 4th grade Contemporary Grow: A Novel in Verse by Juanita Havill & Stansislawa Kodman Reading level Grade 3-5 Interest level Grade 3-5 Independent reading Summary: Two young children, both from troubled homes, find friendship while creating a community garden. Berneetha is a special education teacher who lives in the neighborhood and helps get the garden project growing. The story is filled with both sadness and heartwarming moments. Efferent Aesthetic Who was driving the car that killed Berneetha’s Have you ever participated in a community cat, SamiSue? Why is this important? garden/project? How did it make you feel? Was the community garden able to remain where it originally started? Why? Where was it moved to?Havill, J., & Kodman, S. (2008). Grow: a novel in verse. Atlanta: Peachtree.
3rd to 4th grade Contemporary Please Bury Me in the Library by J. Patrick Lewis & Kyle M. Stone Reading level DRA 28 Interest level Grade 3-5 Read aloud, independent or group read Summary: “Theres nothing like curling up with a good book, but you have to be careful. Before you know it, a minute turns into an hour, an hour turns into a day, and a day may turn into . . . eternity. Inspired by the likes of Edward Lear, X. J. Kennedy, and Lewis Carroll, the author of "Arithme-Tickle "and "Scien-Trickery "has created a collection of original poems about books and reading that range from sweet to silly to laugh-out-loud funny. Newcomer Kyle M. Stones clever, witty, and endearing paintings make this the perfect treat for book lovers of all ages.” (Borrowed from Scholastic’s website: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/book/please-bury-me-library) Efferent Aesthetic What word is spelled out with the letters in the Can you think of a funny title for a book you poem “Necessary Gardens?” enjoy? (“What If Books Had Different Names?”) What is a haiku? (“Three Haiku”)Lewis, J. P., & Stone, K. M. (2005). Please bury me in the library. Orlando, Fla.: Gulliver Books/Harcourt.
3rd to 4th grade Contemporary Speak to Me (And I Will Listen Between the Lines) by Karen English & Amy Bates Reading level DRA 40 Interest level Grade 3-5 Read aloud, group or independent Summary: “In a series of candid free-form poems, Karen English presents the thoughts of six third-grade children in one day and one classroom at an inner-city public school. Inspired by her own experience as an elementary school teacher, Ms. English captures voices that reflect a range of emotion and interest children will easily identify with, and Amy June Batess watercolors breathe pictorial life into the characters.” (Borrowed from Scholastic’s website: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/book/speak-me) Efferent Aesthetic Which student doesn’t “care about anything?” (“I Compare the “sad-like” flower to the students on Don’t Care”) Friday in the poem “I Gave My Teacher A Flower.” List 3 things that Rica likes about Neecy. (“What I Like About Neecy”)English, K., & Bates, A. J. (2004). Speak to me: (and I will listen between the lines). New York: Farrar Straus Giroux.
5th to 6th grade Classic Rainbows Are Made by Carl Sandburg Reading level 5.9 Interest level Grades 3-5 Independent or read aloud Summary: This collection of seventy poems celebrates the writings of famed author Carl Sandburg. The selection of work was chosen and sorted into six sections by fellow poet Lee Bennett Hopkins. Each section starts with a quote from Sandburg, starting with “poetry is…” Lee Bennett Hopkins also provides the introduction. Efferent Aesthetic What is the setting of the poem “Grass?” What is the significance of the poem “Soup?” What is Sandburg trying to tell us about famous people? Are you a writer or a wrapper? (“Paper I”)Sandburg, C., Hopkins, L. B., & Eichenberg, F. (1982). Rainbows are made: poems. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
5th to 6th grade Classic Poetry for Young People: Emily Dickinson edited by Harold Ron Bloom Reading level 4.2 Interest level Grade 7-12 Independent, group or read aloud (with discussion) Summary: A detailed introduction provides background information about the life of Emily Dickinson, as well as her love for poetry. This collection contains 36 poems, as well as simple, yet beautiful illustrations. In some poems, there is even a glossary at the end with words that students may not be familiar with. Efferent Aesthetic Do any of the poems have actual titles (that are Choose one poem and decide on a title for it. not the first line of the poem)? If so, which ones? Explain why you chose that title. What is the “narrow fellow in the grass?” (pg 29)Dickinson, E., Bolin, F. S., & Chung, C. (1994). Poetry for young people. New York: Sterling Pub. Co.
5th to 6th grade Classic You Come too by Robert Frost Reading level Lexile Measure®:1120L Interest level Grade 6-8 Independent, group or read aloud (with discussion) Summary: A collection of poems by the talented Robert Frost. The forward provides hints to readers to look for the deeper meanings in the poems. The collection includes such classics as “The Pasture,” “Fire and Ice” and “The Road Not Taken.” Efferent Aesthetic Before reading the book, do you know any Why did Frost take “the road less traveled by?” Robert Frost poems? (“The Road Not Taken”) Does Frost believe the world will end in fire or ice? (“Fire and Ice”)Frost, R. (1959). You come too; favorite poems for young readers ([1st ed.). New York: Henry Holt and Co.
5th to 6th grade Contemporary A Wreath for Emmett Till by Marilyn Nelson & Philippe Lardy Reading level 7.4 Interest level Grade7-9 Read aloud Summary: In 1955, people all over the United States knew that Emmett Louis Till was a fourteen- year-old African American boy lynched for supposedly whistling at a white woman in Mississippi. The brutality of his murder, the open-casket funeral, and the acquittal of the men tried for the crime drew wide media attention. Award-winning poet Marilyn Nelson reminds us of the boy whose fate helped spark the civil rights movement. This martyrs wreath, woven from a little-known but sophisticated form of poetry, challenges us to speak out against modern-day injustices, to "speak what we see." (Borrowed from Scholastic’s website: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/book/wreath-emmett-till) Efferent Aesthetic What do you know about Emmett Till (before Do the illustrations influence the mood/tone of reading the book)? the book? Why or why not? What is the last sonnet made of? (are the lines familiar?)Nelson, M., & Lardy, P. (2005). A wreath for Emmett Till. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
5th to 6th grade Contemporary Edgar Allan Poe’s Pie: Math Puzzlers in Classic Poems by J. Patrick Lewis & Michael Slack Reading level 5.4 Interest level Grade 1-4 Read aloud or independent Summary: A prime example of how to connect two subjects (math and English). Math problems are cleverly disguised in rhymes and verses that are inspired by such classic poets as Emily Dickinson, Walt Whitman, and Edward Lear (and yes, Edgar Allan Poe, too!). Efferent Aesthetic Choose a poem and try to solve the math Are you familiar with any of the original poems problem associated with it. that these math problems were inspired by? If so, which ones? Which math problem poem did you find to be the easiest? Most difficult? Why?Lewis, J. P., & Slack, M. H. (2012). Edgar Allan Poes pie: math puzzlers in classic poems . Boston: Harcourt Mifflin Harcourt.
5th to 6th grade Contemporary Vile Verses by Roald Dahl Reading level 5.3 Interest level Grade 3-6 Read aloud or independent Summary: “Think of your very favorite Roald Dahl moment and surely a delightfully vile verse can’t be far away.” The front jacket flap beckons readers to immerse themselves into the interesting world of Roald Dahl. This collection of poems includes excerpts chosen from Dahl’s previously published works, as well as some surprises at the end. The illustrations that accompany the verses truly help set the tone. Efferent Aesthetic What happens to Goldilocks at the end of Do the illustrations make the poems more clear Roald Dahl’s version of the poem? to understand or more confusing? Give an example. Do you have a favorite Roald Dahl book? If so, are there any “vile verses” from that book?Dahl, R. (2005). Vile verses. New York: Viking.
My choice! Classic Joyful Noise: Poems for Two Voices by Paul Fleischman & Eric Beddows Reading level 5.2 Interest level Grade 3-5 Read aloud (with two students) Summary: This award winning book of poems welcomes readers into the world of insects. They are intended to be read aloud by two people, sometimes reading together, others reading their own individual parts. When put together, it creates a truly magical poetry experience. Efferent Aesthetic What does it mean to serenade Did you find the poems more difficult to read someone/something? (“The Moth’s independently or with two people? Why? Serendade”) What is a chrysalis? (“Chrysalis Diary”)Fleischman, P., & Beddows, E. (1988). Joyful noise: poems for two voices. New York: Harper & Row.
My choice! Classic The 20th Century Children’s Poetry Treasury by Jack Prelutsky & Meilo So Reading level 3.9 Interest level Grade 3-5 Read aloud, independent or group read Summary: "A generous collection with a distinctly upbeat tone, this gives a taste of the best poets writing for children over the last several decades. Lobels drawings imbue the whole with action and graphic images as inventive as the verse. Successfully geared to meet home, school, and library needs." — (starred) Booklist .(Borrowed from Scholastic’s website: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/book/random-house-book-poetry-children) Efferent Aesthetic Who is Jack Prelutsky? Why would he be chosen Have you ever felt like the description in the to select the poems for this collection? poem “When I Was Lost?”If so, when? Did Jack Prelustky put any of his poems in the collection? If so, which ones?Prelutsky, J., & So, M. (1999). The 20th century childrens poetry treasury. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
My choice! Classic Something Big Has Been Here by Jack Prelustsky & James Stevenson Reading level DRA 28 Interest level Grade 3-5 Read aloud, independent or group read Summary: The companion to the bestselling The New Kid on the Block contains wonderful, funny new poems that children of all ages will adore. Here are four vain and ancient tortoises, a rat of culture, a meatloaf that defies an ax, five flying hotdogs, and more people, animals, and things that will amuse and delight. (Borrowed from Scholastic’s website: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/book/something-big-has-been-here) Efferent Aesthetic What is a wunk? (“I Am Wunk”) Have you ever felt tired of being something particular, like in the poem “I Am Tired of Being Little?” What were you tired of? What is some of the advice the uncle gives in “My Uncle Looked Me in the Eye?”Prelutsky, J., & Stevenson, J. (1990). Something big has been here. New York: Greenwillow Books.
My choice! Contemporary Love That Dog by Sharon Creech Reading level DRA 50 Interest level Grade 6-8 Independent read (or listen to audio book) Summary: “Jack hates poetry, but his teacher wont stop giving her class poetry assignments. Then something amazing happens. The more he writes, the more Jack learns he does have something to say…Written as a series of free-verse poems, Love That Dog shows how one boy finds his own voice with the help of a teacher, a writer, a pencil, some yellow paper, and of course, a dog.” (Borrowed from Scholastic’s website: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/book/love-dog) Efferent Aesthetic Who is the poet that Jack writes to and invites to Would you be able to write a poem inspired by a his school? pet you have or had in the past? Why or why not? How do Jack’s feelings about poetry change from the beginning of the story to the end? Use evidence from the text to support your answer.Creech, S. (2006). Love that dog. New York: HarperCollins. (CD audio book).
My choice! Contemporary The Taking of Room 114: A Hostage Drama In Poems by Mel Glenn Reading level 6.5 Interest level Grade 9-12 Independent or read aloud (with discussion) Summary: This is a series of poems written by students who are held hostage by their history teacher. It’s an intense book directed toward the older student, however, it was so griping that the reader just gets sucked into the story. With a mix of characters including not only the students, but parents, administration and spectators, this book will keep your attention to the last word. Efferent Aesthetic Which teacher takes the class hostage? What If you were a student in the class, how would you subject does he teach? feel? Who is the mysterious Michael that is referred to throughout the story?Glenn, M. (1997). The taking of Room 114: a hostage drama in poems. New York: Lodestar Books.
My choice! Contemporary A Poke in the I: A Collection of Concrete Poems by Paul B. Janeczko & Chris Raschka Reading level 5.1 Interest level Grade 4-7 Independent or read aloud (with access to illustrations) Summary: This whimsical collection of 30 concrete poems will grab your attention from the copyright page. Chosen by Paul Janeczko and illustrated by Chris Raschka, the poems will bring the reader into the magical world of poetry. Topics range from dandelions to a tennis game (that makes the reader feel like they’re actually watching a tennis match while reading the poem) and all things in between. Efferent Aesthetic What is a queue? (“Queue” pg 14) Do you think the illustrations correspond well with the poems? Why or why not? What shape do the words make in the poem “Sky Day Dream?”Janeczko, P. B., & Raschka, C. (2001). A poke in the I. Cambridge, MA: Candlewick Press.
Hopefully the voice inside you guides you to poetry… The Voice by Shel Silverstein There is a voice inside of you That whispers all day long, "I feel this is right for me, I know that this is wrong." No teacher, preacher, parent, friend Or wise man can decide Whats right for you--just listen to The voice that speaks inside. http://www.glogster.com/amberlee326/poetry-books/g-6ktbsou800eriukngj3vta0