Open Source Solutions    for Libraries     Amber Billey, MLIS   UVM Faculty Development        April 18, 2012
Open source software?
Free...as in kittens!
What is freedom?“Free software” means software that respects usersfreedom and community. Roughly, the users have thefreedo...
What is open source really?Open-source software (OSS) is computer software that isavailable in source code form: the sourc...
What is open source really?1. Free redistribution                         http://opensource.org/docs/osd
What is open source really?1. Free redistribution2. Source code                         http://opensource.org/docs/osd
What is open source really?1. Free redistribution2. Source code3. Derived works                         http://opensource....
What is open source really?1.   Free redistribution2.   Source code3.   Derived works4.   Integrity of the authors source ...
What is open source really?1.   Free redistribution2.   Source code3.   Derived works4.   Integrity of the authors source ...
What is open source really?1.   Free redistribution2.   Source code3.   Derived works4.   Integrity of the authors source ...
What is open source really?1.   Free redistribution2.   Source code3.   Derived works4.   Integrity of the authors source ...
What is open source really?1.   Free redistribution2.   Source code3.   Derived works4.   Integrity of the authors source ...
What is open source really?1.   Free redistribution2.   Source code3.   Derived works4.   Integrity of the authors source ...
What is open source really? 1.   Free redistribution 2.   Source code 3.   Derived works 4.   Integrity of the authors sou...
Why open source software?      Advantages           Drawbacks●   Free             ●   Hidden costs●   No vendor        ●  ...
What can open source software dofor libraries?Lots of stuff!● Behind the scenes (web servers, indexing,  operating systems...
Open source behind the scenes● Many libraries use open source software and  dont even know it!  ○   Linux  ○   Apache Tomc...
Integrated Library Systems●   Maori for "gift"   ●   GPLS●   LibLime            ●   PINES consortium●   Koha Community    ...
Collection Management
Content Management
Digital Preservation● Library of Congress and NDIIPP  ○ Ace (monitor file integrity)  ○ EMET (extract image metadata)  ○ I...
Before adopting, ask...● How robust is the open source project?● What is the support like?● Do you have the expertise and ...
Lets talk about the "future"● Beyond software   ○ Semantic Web   ○ Linked Data  Bibliographic data      Subject data      ...
Why open source?● Free from vendors● Free to develop● Share code and  data● Contribute to a  community
Any questions?      thank you!  abilley@uvm.edu
Uvm faculty dev_041812
Uvm faculty dev_041812
Uvm faculty dev_041812
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Uvm faculty dev_041812

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Explains the benefits and drawbacks of open source software. Explores various open source software used in libraries and the future of open library data.

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Transcript of "Uvm faculty dev_041812"

  1. 1. Open Source Solutions for Libraries Amber Billey, MLIS UVM Faculty Development April 18, 2012
  2. 2. Open source software?
  3. 3. Free...as in kittens!
  4. 4. What is freedom?“Free software” means software that respects usersfreedom and community. Roughly, the users have thefreedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change andimprove the software. With these freedoms, the users(both individually and collectively) control the program andwhat it does for them....Thus, “free software” is a matter of liberty, not price. Tounderstand the concept, you should think of “free” as in“free speech,” not as in “free beer”. http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html
  5. 5. What is open source really?Open-source software (OSS) is computer software that isavailable in source code form: the source code and certainother rights normally reserved for copyright holders areprovided under an open-source license that permits usersto study, change, improve and at times also to distribute thesoftware.Open source software is very often developed in a public,collaborative manner. Open-source software is the mostprominent example of open-source development and oftencompared to (technically defined) user-generated contentor (legally defined) open content movements. - Wikipedia
  6. 6. What is open source really?1. Free redistribution http://opensource.org/docs/osd
  7. 7. What is open source really?1. Free redistribution2. Source code http://opensource.org/docs/osd
  8. 8. What is open source really?1. Free redistribution2. Source code3. Derived works http://opensource.org/docs/osd
  9. 9. What is open source really?1. Free redistribution2. Source code3. Derived works4. Integrity of the authors source code http://opensource.org/docs/osd
  10. 10. What is open source really?1. Free redistribution2. Source code3. Derived works4. Integrity of the authors source code5. No discrimination against persons or groups http://opensource.org/docs/osd
  11. 11. What is open source really?1. Free redistribution2. Source code3. Derived works4. Integrity of the authors source code5. No discrimination against persons or groups6. No discrimination against fields of endeavor http://opensource.org/docs/osd
  12. 12. What is open source really?1. Free redistribution2. Source code3. Derived works4. Integrity of the authors source code5. No discrimination against persons or groups6. No discrimination against fields of endeavor7. Distribution of license http://opensource.org/docs/osd
  13. 13. What is open source really?1. Free redistribution2. Source code3. Derived works4. Integrity of the authors source code5. No discrimination against persons or groups6. No discrimination against fields of endeavor7. Distribution of license8. License must not be specific to a product http://opensource.org/docs/osd
  14. 14. What is open source really?1. Free redistribution2. Source code3. Derived works4. Integrity of the authors source code5. No discrimination against persons or groups6. No discrimination against fields of endeavor7. Distribution of license8. License must not be specific to a product9. License must not restrict other software http://opensource.org/docs/osd
  15. 15. What is open source really? 1. Free redistribution 2. Source code 3. Derived works 4. Integrity of the authors source code 5. No discrimination against persons or groups 6. No discrimination against fields of endeavor 7. Distribution of license 8. License must not be specific to a product 9. License must not restrict other software10. License must be technology-neutral http://opensource.org/docs/osd
  16. 16. Why open source software? Advantages Drawbacks● Free ● Hidden costs● No vendor ● No vendor● Control code ● Technical expertise● Customize ● Technical support● Development ● Lack of community● Redistribution● Community
  17. 17. What can open source software dofor libraries?Lots of stuff!● Behind the scenes (web servers, indexing, operating systems and databases)● Integrated Library Systems● Collection management● Content management● Digital preservation● and more!
  18. 18. Open source behind the scenes● Many libraries use open source software and dont even know it! ○ Linux ○ Apache Tomcat web server ○ Apache Lucene index ○ MySQL
  19. 19. Integrated Library Systems● Maori for "gift" ● GPLS● LibLime ● PINES consortium● Koha Community ● Many installations in● VOKAL North America
  20. 20. Collection Management
  21. 21. Content Management
  22. 22. Digital Preservation● Library of Congress and NDIIPP ○ Ace (monitor file integrity) ○ EMET (extract image metadata) ○ INFORM (risk assessment of digital file formats) ○ JHOVE2 (identify, validate & assess digital objects) ○ Recollection (create & share embeddable interfaces to digital cultural heritage collections) ○ Library of Congress - Transfer Tools (validation & transfer of data)● D-Space ○ digital asset management ○ repository
  23. 23. Before adopting, ask...● How robust is the open source project?● What is the support like?● Do you have the expertise and time on-staff to make the software work for your library?● What are your time constraints? Farkas, M. (2011). Open Source, Open Mind. American Libraries, 42(9/10), 36.
  24. 24. Lets talk about the "future"● Beyond software ○ Semantic Web ○ Linked Data Bibliographic data Subject data Semantic delivery tool RDF? ● search engine OWL? ● ILS SKOS? ● OPAC 3.0 Names data VIAF?
  25. 25. Why open source?● Free from vendors● Free to develop● Share code and data● Contribute to a community
  26. 26. Any questions? thank you! abilley@uvm.edu
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