Wael GhonimDegree in computer engineeringMBA from American University in CairoMarried relatively young to an American woman, IlkaTwo childrenWorks in marketing for Google
Ghonim’s political acitivism beginsStarted FB page for political figure Mohamed Mostafa ElBaradei, who he believed wouldbring peaceHelped ElBaradei with his Twitter, giving him ideas to help his public personaStarted FB page for Khaled Said, who was beaten to death by police in June 2010Initiated the first protest, Silent Stand. More than 8,000 people attendedSoon after, protesters began gathering in Tahrir SquareEven though people were questioning the identity of the FB page’s admin, they stillparticipated in a second Silent Stand
Silent StandThe protest was scheduled for June 25, but the National Democratic Party scheduled achildren’s march for the same day and timeSilent Stand still happened and was a successGhonim began operating the Said FB page under the name Nadine Wahab to avoididentificationGhonim organized a demonstration on Police Day, Jan. 25, 201127,000 people confirmed, 365,000 people were following the FB page; it became arecognized date for all Internet usersWhen the Jan. 25 location was announced, daily comments reached 15,000
Tahrir SquareYouTube videos from protesters were used to garner attention for the protestWhen Ghonim left for Cairo on Jan. 23, he told Nadine to wait a week and if she hadn’theard from him, she should announce his connection to the Kullena Khaled Said pageThe Internet, particularly Facebook, was flooded with pictures of those willing to die for thecauseUsed his Twitter account to post personal messagesDuring the protest, he used his Twitter account to let people know of his location and if hethought he was going to be attacked
Tahrir SquareAfter it was over, Tahrir square was covered in tear gas, and people werebeing shot with rubber bullets as police tried by any means necessary to getthem to leaveGhonim still believed the protest was a success and wrote on the event’spage, “Jan. 25 is no the end... It is the beginning of the end.”Egyptian government blocked Facebook and Twitter in the country andblamed it on server traffic because of protestersGhonim was abducted the day before protests were planned, Jan. 28
Wael’s abductionHe was interrogated and brutally beatenWhen interrogators tried to sign into his accounts, his passwords weren’tworking – someone had changed them after noticing he hadn’t signed intoTwitter or Facebook for too longAn interrogator was able to sign into the Facebook pageHe posted messages that opposed the revolutionaries’Because of this, Mubarak supporters flooded the streets, and Tahrir Squarebecame a battlefield
Mubarak resignsAfter 11 days, Ghonim was releasedAfterwards, he told his stories to interviewers, which spread onYouTubeMubarak resigned on Feb. 11, 2011“Congratulations, Egypt! This is the historical moment we havebeen longing to witness!” Ghonim wrote on the activists’Facebook page
Revolution 2.0Ghonim describes past revolutions as “revolution 1.0,”describing the people who start them as charismatic, politicallysavvy leadersThey are what made past revolutions possibleToday, the Internet and social media are what gave youngEgyptians the tools to ignite a revolution. Otherwise, it wouldn’thave been possible.