WHAT IS WORLD GEOGRAPHY?THE SCIENCE THAT STUDIES- THE AREAL DIFFERENTIATION OF THE EARTH’S SURFACE. [AREAL DIFFERENTIATION- DIFFERENCES ON THE EARTH’S SURFACE.]
TYPES OF DIFFERENCES ON THE EARTH’S SURFACE1.CHARACTER: VARIOUS APPEARANCES. DIFFERENT PLACES LOOK DIFFERENT. SAHARA DESERT AMAZON RAIN FOREST
TYPES OF DIFFERENCES ON THE EARTH’S SURFACE2.ARRANGEMENT: PATTERN. DIFFERENT PLACES ARE ORGANIZED DIFFERENTLY. NICARAGUAN VILLAGE MALI VILLAGE
TYPES OF DIFFERENCES ON THE EARTH’S SURFACE3.INTERRELATIONS: CONNECTIONS. DIFFERENT PLACES HAVE DIFFERENT TYPES OF INTERACTION. FALLUJAH, IRAQ GHANA MARKET
ELEMENTS OF WORLD GEOGRAPHY1. CLIMATE: WEATHER CONDITIONS OF A REGION.2. ELEVATION: THE ALTITUDE OR HEIGHT OF A PLACE. TORNADO MT. KILIMANJARO
ELEMENTS OF WORLD GEOGRAPHY3. SOIL: DISINTEGRATED [BROKEN DOWN] ROCK AND HUMUS [ORGANIC MATERIAL- DEAD ANIMALS & PLANTS].4. VEGETATION: PLANT LIFE.5. POPULATION: NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN A PLACE.
ELEMENTS OF WORLD GEOGRAPHY6.INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS: PROTECT THE INTERESTS OF MEMBER NATIONS. EXAMPLES: UNITED NATIONS [UN]; AFRICAN UNION [AU]; ORGANIZATION OF PETROLEUM EXPORTING COUNTRIES [OPEC].
ELEMENTS OF WORLD GEOGRAPHY7.POLITICAL ASSOCIATIONS: NATIONS OF THE WORLD. EXAMPLE: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA; THE PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA; FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA; GREAT SOCIALIST PEOPLES LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA.
PREPARES YOU TO PARTICIPATE IN SOCIETY. Itallows you to obtain a range of learning experiences and skills which make you highly attractive to a wide range of future employers. The skills practiced in geography are used by many professionals: urban and regional planners, resource managers, attorneys, legislators, business and political leaders, architects, marketing consultants and engineers. It is an ideal stepping stone to a wide range of careers.
IT IS A BROAD DIVERSE SUBJECT THAT ENCOMPASSES A WIDE ARRAY OF KNOWLEDGE. Geography is a broad flexible subject, which may be classified as an art, science or social science. Geography, as a discipline, is as diverse as the problems facing our planet. From saving a forest to planning a downtown development project, geographers are there.
STUDYING GEOGRAPHY PROMOTES ENVIRONMENTAL LITERACY. Education is the most effective means that society possesses for confronting the challenges of the future. In order to address the environmental challenges society is currently faced with, people are needed who can think broadly and understand the systems, connections, and patterns of the physical and cultural world. We desperately need people equipped with the analytical skills necessary to rebuild neighborhoods, towns, and communities.
STUDYING GEOGRAPHY EXPANDSOUR KNOWLEDGE OF OUR PLANET. Studying Geography can take you to distant lands and cultures. You can develop the skills that will help you recognize and make sense of the patterns, distributions, and interactions between living things and their environment. Geographers often study places by experiencing them first-hand. They use cutting edge technology to study the landscapes and patterns that define who we are and what we do.
EARTH CIRCUMFERENCE FORMULA A/360 = D/CWHERE, A = SHADOW ANGLE 360 = DEGREES IN CIRCLE D = DISTANCE FROM EQUATOR. C = CIRCUMFERENCE
ANCIENT ORIGINSPIRI REIS MAP - MADE IN CONSTANTINOPLE IN 1513 BY ADMIRAL PIRI IBN HAJI MEHMED. SHOWS ANTARTICA FREE OF ICE. EUROPEANS DID KNOW ABOUT ANTARTICA UNTIL 1818 AND THE INTERIOR OF ANTARTICA UNTIL 1958.
ADMIRAL PIRI REIS MAPTHE MAP GIVES EXACT INFORMATION ABOUT THE WESTERN COAST OF AFRICA, EASTERN COAST OF SOUTH AMERICA AND NORTHERN COAST OF ANTARTICA.IT IS BASED ON MUCH OLDER MAPS.
REGIONSFORMAL REGION: ONEESSENTIAL UNIFORMITY INONE OR A LIMITED NUMBEROF RELATED PHYSICAL ORCULTURAL FEATURES.
REGIONS [CONTINUED]FUNCTIONAL REGIONS: A SPATIAL SYSTEM, WHOSE PARTS ARE INTERCONNECTED. HAS A CORE AREA SURROUNDED BY TOTAL SUBORDINATE AREAS.VERNACULAR [PERCEPTUAL]
REGIONS [CONTINUED]REALM: THE LARGEST LOGICAL REGIONS INTO WHICH GEOGRPAHERS DIVIDE THE WORLD. DEFINED IN TERMS OF A COMPOSITE OF ITS LEADING CULTURAL, ECONOMIC, HISTORICAL, POLITICAL AND APPROPRIATE ENVIRONMENTAL FEATURES.
GEOGRAPHY REALMSNORTH AFRICASOUTHWEST ASIASUB-SAHARAN AFRICASOUTHEAST ASIAPACIFIC REALMNORTH AMERICA
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHYTHESTUDY OF THE EARTH’SENVIRONMENT: PROPERTIESOF LAND, WATER, AIR,PLANTS AND ANIMALS, THEIRDISTRIBUTION ANDINTERRELATIONS.
CULTURAL GEOGRAPHYTHERELATIONSHIPBETWEEN PEOPLE ANDTHEIR ENVIRONMENT.ANALYZES THE SPATIALVARIATIONS OF MATERIALTRAITS, SUCH AS HOUSETYPES AND SPIRITUALSYSTEMS.
POLITICAL GEOGRAPHYPOLITICALLY ORGANIZED AREAS [NATIONS OR STATES], THEIR RESOURCES AN EXTENT, AND THE REASONS FOR THE GEOGRAPHICAL FORMS WHICH THEY ASSUME.
HUMAN GEOGRAPHYAKA ANTHROPOGEOGRAPHY. ANTHROPO: MAN [ANTHROPOLOGY: THE STUDY OF MAN] DEALS WITH MAN IN HIS GEOGRAPHIC ASPECTS, SUCH AS HIS LOCATION, REGION, ENVIRONMENTAL INTERACTION, MOVEMENT, SOCIETY.
HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHYUSES THE FIVE THEMESTO STUDY THEGEOGRAPHY OF THEPAST.
URBAN GEOGRAPHYSTUDY OF THE PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH CITIES, AND TOWNS AND THE GROWTH ASSOCIATED WITH URBANIZATION, WHICH IS THE GROWTH OF CITIES AS A RESULT OF RURAL MIGRATIONS TO CITIES.
CARTOGRAPHYTHESCIENCE OF THECONSTRUCTION (MAKING) OFMAPS USING MATHEMATICS,STATISTICS ANDCOMPUTERS.
GEOMETRYGEOMETRIA: LAND MEASURERDEALS WITH THE DEDUCTION OF THE PROPERTIES, MEASURMENT AND RELATIONSHIP OF POINTS, LINES, ANGLES AND FIGURES IN SPACE FROM THEIR DEFINING CONDITIONALS BY MEANS OF CERTAIN ASSUMED PROPERTIES OF SPACE.
GEODESYGEODAISIA: EARTH DIVISION.DEALS WITH MEASUREMENT OF THE SHAPE OF AN AREA AND DISTANCES BETWEEN LARGE TRACTS OF LAND, THE EXACT POSITION OF GEOGRAPHICAL POINTS, AND THE CURVATURE, SHAPE AND DIMENSION OF THE EARTH.