What is the Scientific Method? Ask a Question Do Research Construct a Hypothesis Test with an Experiment Collect Data, Analyze Results, Draw Conclusions Report your Results
Why is the Scientific Method Used? It is Systematic It organizes your thoughts and plans It is universal
Getting Started Find a topic that interests you ASK A QUESTION Where? When? Why? How?
Do Background Research Inform Yourself Be Aware of Current Findings Research Previous Experiments
Construct a Hypothesis Definition: A tentative assumption made in order to draw out and test its logical or empirical consequences Should Make Sense Should Be Falsifiable hypotheses. (2009). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.Retrieved September 29, 2009, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hypotheses
Test with an Experiment Ask yourself: What am I trying to prove? Experiment give appropriate answers? Experiment give strong supportive answers?
Test with an Experiment Continued… Make sure your Experiment… Has a Control Group Has an Experimental Group Limits Outside Factors Is Repeatable
Collect Data Do NOT be bias Be very systematic Do NOT “contaminate” the data
Analyze Results Use Statistical Procedures Mathematically describe discrepancies Any unexpected factors play a role?
Draw a Conclusion Once again, do NOT be bias! What does your analysis tell you? Fulfill the hypothesis completely
True or False Didyour experiment produce expected results? If not, why? Was the experiment bad? Was the hypothesis false?
Report Your Results Create a detailed procedure Make your research known This is how science/knowledge progresses Reflect on experiment
Reflection What have you learned? What further research should be done? This is the most important step
Review Ask a Question Do Research Construct a Hypothesis Test with an Experiment Collect Data, Analyze Results, Draw Conclusions Report your Results
Classroom Discussion Do we ever use the scientific method in everyday life without even thinking about it? What are some examples?