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Scientific Method

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  • 1. The Scientific MethodIn Biology
    Mr. Slate
  • 2. What is the Scientific Method?
    Ask a Question
    Do Research
    Construct a Hypothesis
    Test with an Experiment
    Collect Data, Analyze Results, Draw Conclusions
    Report your Results
  • 3. Why is the Scientific Method Used?
    It is Systematic
    It organizes your thoughts and plans
    It is universal
  • 4. Getting Started
    Find a topic that interests you
    ASK A QUESTION
    Where?
    When?
    Why?
    How?
  • 5. Do Background Research
    Inform Yourself
    Be Aware of Current Findings
    Research Previous Experiments
  • 6. Construct a Hypothesis
    Definition: A tentative assumption made in order to draw out and test its logical or empirical consequences
    Should Make Sense
    Should Be Falsifiable
    hypotheses. (2009). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.Retrieved September 29, 2009, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hypotheses
  • 7. Test with an Experiment
    Ask yourself:
    What am I trying to prove?
    Experiment give appropriate answers?
    Experiment give strong supportive answers?
  • 8. Test with an Experiment Continued…
    Make sure your Experiment…
    Has a Control Group
    Has an Experimental Group
    Limits Outside Factors
    Is Repeatable
  • 9. Collect Data
    Do NOT be bias
    Be very systematic
    Do NOT “contaminate” the data
  • 10. Analyze Results
    Use Statistical Procedures
    Mathematically describe discrepancies
    Any unexpected factors play a role?
  • 11. Draw a Conclusion
    Once again, do NOT be bias!
    What does your analysis tell you?
    Fulfill the hypothesis completely
  • 12. True or False
    Didyour experiment produce expected results?
    If not, why?
    Was the experiment bad?
    Was the hypothesis false?
  • 13. Report Your Results
    Create a detailed procedure
    Make your research known
    This is how science/knowledge progresses
    Reflect on experiment
  • 14. Reflection
    What have you learned?
    What further research should be done?
    This is the most important step
  • 15. Review
    Ask a Question
    Do Research
    Construct a Hypothesis
    Test with an Experiment
    Collect Data, Analyze Results, Draw Conclusions
    Report your Results
  • 16. Classroom Discussion
    Do we ever use the scientific method in everyday life without even thinking about it?
    What are some examples?