High Stakes Standardize Testing The Damages they Cause in our Schools By: Katie Keck
What is high stakes testing? Result of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) Standardized with vital consequences attached. All students take the same test Same questions Equal conditions Scored the same way Photo By: The Master Shake Signal
The Purpose Teachers will work more effectively Students will be more motivated Schools will run more smoothly Academic achievement will be greater Benefits minority student and student from poverty.
The Downfalls Teachers/students feel pressure to do well Student are caught cheating Teachers teach to the test More students drop out or get held back Many tests are too heavily weighted Some states require students to pass a standardized test to graduate now
Unfair to Students Test anxiety equals lower and inaccurate results Poorly funded schools don’t get a fair chance Students with learning disabilities fail more than mainstream kids. Students have no control over a failing system Photo By: minor9th
Grade retention and drop out rates Amplified grade retention and drop out rates Grade retention is counterproductive Student that are held back lose interest in learning and are more likely to drop out Student who are faced with a standardized test for graduation are more likely to drop out.
Teaching to the test Teachers are under pressure like students Teachers focus on what is on the test and nothing else Many subjects are ignored and not taught Reading on high stakes tests are not realistic Teachers are being trained to be “test coaches” Teaching to the test discourages students from learning. Photo By: Chicago 2016 Photos
Tests and the Misinformed Public Public supports testing because of misleading results Teaching to the test gives inaccurate scores Public believes schools are improving when they are not Testing does not include non-academic areas Test results do not take into account non-school related factors.
How to Measure Success All factors, including tests should be taken into consideration Tests should be a part of the system not the entire system Make testing fair to all students who take them Fair opportunities to everyone One test should not determine a student’s academic future Photo by: Rennett Stowe
Appropriate Ways to Test Testing can be a good thing Most resourceful way to obtain information A test should not measure a school or teachers performance A student’s future should not be based on a test score The purpose of the test results should be stated clearly Special arrangements should be made for students with special needs Students should be tested on necessary skills.
Resources Haladyna, T. M. (2006). Perils of Standardized Achievement Testing. Educational Horizons. 85(1), 30-43. Neill, M. (2006). Preparing Teachers to Beat the Agonies of NCLB. The Education Digest. 71(8), 8-12. Nichols, S. L., & Berliner, D. C. (2008). Why Has High Stakes Testing So Easily Slipped into Contemporary American Life? The Education Digest. 74(4), 41-7. www.flickr.com