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Revolutions 2.0: The Impact of the Jasmin Revolution in Tunisia
 

Revolutions 2.0: The Impact of the Jasmin Revolution in Tunisia

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  • Aznar lost the elections after the Atocha March terrorist atacks.People suspected the government was tricking them and they started exchaning SMS that not ETA but AlQaeda was behind the bombing.
  • 1) As redes sociais diminuem as barreiras para a acção colectiva através de canais de organização que estão entrelaçados com a interacção social mundana e, portanto, são mais difíceis de censurar. 2) As redes sociais podem ajudar a criar uma esfera pública em regimes autoritários, diminuindo assim o problema do dilema da sociedade-prisioneiro em que todos sabem que muitas pessoas estão descontentes, porém este facto permanece oculto através da censura dos media.3) As redes sociais ajudam a fortalecer as comunidades, funcionando como antídoto às tecnologias isoladoras (e.g. a televisão) e a força da comunidade é fundamental para a acção política.4) As redes sociais parecem ter sido a chave (na Tunísia) para permitir que o expatriado e o exilado da comunidade se mobilizem e ajam como elo fundamental entre o resto do mundo árabe, bem como as comunidades presentes na Europa francófona e finalmente no resto do mundo. 5) As redes sociais podem ser um instrumento fundamental para a divulgação de informações durante uma crise. Como vimos no caso do Irão, da Birmânia, da Moldávia, da Tunísia, e outros, o mundo tinha um forte sensação do que estava a acontecer, não porque havia muitos repórteres no terreno a cobrir os acontecimentos, mas porque milhares de cidadãos munidos de telemóveis podiam registar e transmitir em tempo real a situação no terreno.”

Revolutions 2.0: The Impact of the Jasmin Revolution in Tunisia Revolutions 2.0: The Impact of the Jasmin Revolution in Tunisia Presentation Transcript

  • TunisiaREVOLUTIONDIGNITY AND LIBERTY
    The irst Revolution
    André Marquet
  • Notice: This presentation will be shown in 3D. Put your specs on!
  • Agenda Timeline
    Berlin
    Wall
    Future (?)
    1989
    1993
    2001
    2004
    2011
  • Youare the computer
  • [F5] run!
    public static boolean isAlive1989 (int age) {     if (age >= 22) {       return true; /*elevate your arm;*/    } else {       return false; /*stay still;*/     }   }
  • {First Part}-Personal dots-
  • “Sometimes it feels that in the 80’s there was this evil malefic master mind that was responsible for all the kinds of incredibly adictive but at the same time dangerous toys that we grow up with.”
    Nuno Markl,
    at his daily radio show
    “Caderneta de Cromos”
  • Its master piece!
    a
    Flamable materials
    Toxic materials
    Poisoning materials
    Cutting materials
    Exploding materials
    a
    a
    a
    a
    Chemistry
    Kit
  • In 1989 I had my Dexter moment.
    • 30% of body with 3rd degree burns;
    • 6 weeks at hospital;
    • Endless procedures;
    • 4 years of physiotherapy.
    • Scars for life;
  • {Second Part}-It’s a big world out there!-
  • Still in 1989...
    “… the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government.”
    Francis Fukuyama
    Author of “The End of History”
    Economist and Philosopher
  • 2005
    1989
  • But in 1993...
    Samuel Huntington
    Author of “The Clash of Civilization”
    America Political Scientist
  • In 2001... You saw it on TV.
    Youtube, Twitter, Facebook were not there...
    Cell phone network halted in parts of NY.
    ... But Internet and Blackberrys kept working!
  • In 11/04/2004, for the first time non-mass media, but P2P was crucial towards the shift of power.
  • {Third Part}-To live without freedom-
  • ...in 2005 I worked in Tunisia for one year.
    By definition an authoritarian police state but, getting richer, and more developped while personal freedom was still repressed:
    • No right of assembly.
    • No democracy...
    • Something waiting to happen!
  • “As countries get richer, they will tend towards democracy.”
    2010
    1989
    Tunisia GDP per capita (USD)
  • Dictator’ed in
    Zin El Abidine Ben Ali
    President of Tunisia
    1987-2011
    reject
    Status:
    Recommendations:
    “Zin is all abour elegance and style!”
    Sarkozy, President of France
    “A true champion of democracy.”
    Socrates, PM of Portugal
    In Saudi Arabia @undisclosed location.
  • Sarkozy
    Freedom Champion
    Ben Ali
    Ex-dictator
  • The chaos theory and butterfly effect
    “Does the flap of a butterfly’s wings in Brazil set off a tornado in Texas?”
    Does the isolated activism of one man in the in the middle of Tunisia set off a revolution in all Arab countries?
  • Niall Ferguson
    Author of Virtual History
    Historian
    For Ferguson, great forces don't make history; individuals do and nothing is predetermined. Only the actions of individuals will determine whether we live in a better or worse world.
  • In December 17th, 2010, in the town of Ben Arous, a “butterfly” flaped its wings!
    When 26 year old Mohamed Bouazizi decided for a desesperat act, by imolating himself in front of the municipality of Sidi Bouzid and by doing so, started a revolution.
  • Bouazizi survived for 18 days......hypocritically Ben Ali paid visited.
  • ‎‫مسافر يا أمي، سامحيني، ما يفيد ملام، ضايع في طريق ماهو بإيديا، سامحيني إن كان عصيت كلام لأمي، لومي على الزمان ما تلومي عليّ، رايح من غير رجوع, يزي ما بكيت و ما سالت من عيني دموع، ما عاد يفيد ملام على زمان غدّار في بلاد الناس، أنا عييت و مشى من بالي كل اللي راح، مسافر و نسأل زعمة السفر باش ينسّي‬ ‎‫محمد بو عزيزي‬-Bouazizi final message on Facebook
  • The “Switch Effect”:
    Fear
    Swith
    OFF
    ON
  • People were afraid no more!
  • Facebook, and other social networks were not the fuel but the catalyst.
  • On January, 14th “Big Ben” flew to Saudi
    Wanted for crimes against the Tunisian people
  • {Final Part}-To learn to live with freedom-
  • Tunisia - Elections in June 2011
    Newcomers to democracy (more than 50 new political parties)!
    Egypt - Elections in October/ November 2011
    The danger of the rise islamic political parties.
    Lybia, Iemen, Baharain, Syria, Jordan... ?
    !
    !
    Tunisia
    Lybia
    Egypt
  • All Revolutions are the same
    Portugal 1974/75 (Carnation Revolution)
  • Tunisia 2011 (Jasmin Revolution)
  • The risks for Tunisia:a) going bankrupt (like Portugal)b) going islamistc) all of the above! Tunisian people to answer. A:___________________
  • Sometimes all it takes is a butterfly but just like it, democracy is fragile.
  • André Marquet
    andre.marquet@beta-i.pt
    @amarquet