Energy efficiency

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Energy efficiency

  1. 1. Energy EfficiencyLOW CARBON TECHNOLOGY for TRANSPORT, POWER PLANT• 16.67 % CO2e g/km, g/t-km ; 33 % CO2e g/kwh [ 230 g/kwh for Coal]• Double Speed, 1/3 Fuel for same Ton-HP-Vehicle.• Same Cost. All fuels are burntAuthor Mr Muthukal Andy Appan, M E , 48 Yrs ExpertChennai, India. Johor-Bahru, Malaysia. LL 6073616460Energy available in this world is limited when compared to demandHence efficient way of utility is called for.Keywords Related to “Energy Efficient” areAgriculture- plough, plant, irrigation, harvest, store, distributionBlowers - air, liquid. gasBoilers – fire tube, water tube, super criticalCombustion – IC / EC; solid, liquid, gas in air, oxygenheat - cooking – food, industry, domestic,havoc - heat, coollighting – bulb, tube, mercury, sodium vapour, LED. CFLmotors and drivespower generation - fossil, renewable fuel, csp, cpv solar, nuke, geothermaltransport: automotive, rail, ship, plane, missile, rocket.Of these, power generation and transport are taken up for ‘INNOVATION’.on andy thermal engine [ic/ec] develops same power from 33 % fuel at n.asp in engineand run at double speed for same ton-hp by andy bearing, jet in transport.Transport DesignGeneral transport are Bike, Car, Truck, Rail, Plane, Ferry, Cargo, Container, VLCC, MissileCROSS COUNTRY SHIPPING 330 KNOTSNuclear Ship, sub-marine, Air craft carrier,Transport StandardTransport = ton*kmphTransport Efficiency = ton*kmph/fuel-hr = ton*kmplEngine Efficiency = hp / fuel-hrEmission = g/hourEmission Efficiency = [g/hour] / [ton*kmph] = 2325/ [ton*kmpl]Power Plant Design for ElectricityAndy Rotary Engine use 33 % Fuel for same MWh outputNo boiler. No turbine. Andy rotary engine onlyHence Co2 emission = 33 % g/kwh. Same CostLow Carbon power plant are all fossil, renewable fuels like coal, lignite, wood, NG, LPG, kerosene,oil, methane, ethanol, bio gas etcNo Carbon power plant are CSP solar, nuke, geothermal, Nuke-barge.HYBRID power plant is CSP+CPV+Fuel . Furnace is thermal store.
  2. 2. ENERGY EFFICIENCY can be JUDGED from1 higher speed for same ton-hp2 lower travel time, lower fare for same input3 lower fuel use for same transport / power4 lower emission for same output. Lower GHG.5 higher tonnage for same hp-speed6 higher output for same investment7 higher return on investment8 better safety, security, comfort9 fuel saved, fare saved is money saved.10 time saved is life savedANDY TECHNOLOGY on CLOBAL WARMING GHGTransport, Power Plant C E R = 15 BnT/Yr. INV 1000 Bn$GLOBAL CO2e on use of OIL, COAL as FUEL inTRANSPORT, POWER PLANT TECHNOLOGY:• 1/3 FUEL / HP by Andy Engine.33 % Co2e g/km ; g/kwh• Double Speed by Andy Bearing, Jet for same Ton-HP in Transport• Mn T/ Day ; ^ MnT/ YrCost of Fuel saved [Oil+Coal]=8*360*(1000+150)= 2880+432=3312 Bn$/yrExtra Fare Revenue 3*2880 = 8640 Bn$/yr by double speed.Net Profit= 11,952 Bn$/yr. 33.23 Bn$/DayINVEST 1000 Bn$ ; R o I = 11952/1000 = 1195 %;A ] Benefits of Transport designVehicle Ton HP Speed kmpl Co2e Cost$ RoI% Fare $/kmBike 0.3 8 120 360 6.5 1000 250 1/40Car 2 100 200 60 39 15000 400 1/10Truck 15 240 200 30 77.5 50000 600 1/100Rail 1000 20,000 600 1 2.32 12 mn 1000 1/100Plane 100 24,000 1200 3 7.75 20 mn 200 1/15Ferry 1000 24,000 660 knt 1.5 1.55 6 mn 1200 1/50Cargo 5000 60,000 330 0.3 1.55 20 mn 900 1/25/TContainer 200 60,000 330 0.3 1.55 20 mn 900 1/25/TVLCC 50,000 600,000 330 0.03 1.55 200 mn 900 1/25/TMissile 100 12,000 3300 15 1.55 6 mn ??? ???CCS 50,000 600,000 330 0.03 1.55 200 mn 900 1/25/TC C S - CROSS COUNTRY SHIPPING 330 KNOTSMr Muthukal Andy Appan, M E , 48 Yrs ExpertGlobal NOW ANDY Fuel SavedFUELUSED*MnT/dCO2e^mnt/yrUSED*MnT/dCO2e^mnt/yrCERMnT/YrQtyMnt/yrRate$/TCostBn$/yrOIL 12 12,528 4 4176 8352 2880 1000 2880COAL 12 10,080 4 3360 6720 2880 150 432Total 24 22,608 8 7536 15,072 5760 3312
  3. 3. B ] Benefit of Automotive designAUTOMOTIVE 120 HP / 1000 cc n.aspDouble Speed for same Ton-HP-VehicleVehicle Bike Car Truck Trailer Cont’r.Ton 0.3 2 15 30 8 TEUHP 8 100 240 240 2400Speed 120 200 200 100 100kmpl 360 60 30 15 2Co2e g/km 6.5 39 77.5 155 1162Cost $ 1000 15k 50k 80k 300kRoI % 250 400 600 400 400C ] Benefit of Power Plant design:Low Carbon, No Carbon designFuel used 33 %. Co2e 33 % for same outputFuel saved 66 %, CER 66 % at same cost for same outputNo boiler, no turbine. andy rotary engine onlyFuel MWFuelkg/MWhFuelmt/yrCo2emt/yrPlantCost $FuelSavedT/yrPowerRevenue$NetReturn$RoI%CERmnT/yrCoal 1000 100 0.72 1.68 1 bn 1.44 mn 720 mn 456mn 45.6 3.36NG 1000 120 0.864 1.98 1 bn 1.728mn 720 mn 378mn 37.8 3.4Bio 1000 120 0.864 1.98 1 bn 1.728mn 720 mn 378mn 37.8 3.4CSP 1000 - - -- 2 bn 2.16 mn 720 mn 804mn 40 5.0Nuke 1000 - - -- 8 bn 2.16 mn 720 mn 804mn 10 5.0Geoth 1000 - - - 2 bn 2.16 mn 720 mn 804mn 40 5.0Hybrid 1000 25 0.18 0.42 2.5 bn 2.00 mn 720 mn 1050mn 42 4.0D ] JET PLANE DESIGN:1 engine- andy engine for compressor-turbine – 150 % thrust for same fuel2 multy fuel engine- powder, liquid, gas3 same cost4 this engine can be used for propeller, turbo-propeller, turbo jet, air-breath missile, rocket engine5 swing-wing missile military jet6 normal runway landing7 TOF runway- smooth runn8 Landing runway - roughrun9 andy bearing taxing from EOL upto TOF- 25 % Fuel saved10 runway TOF with andy bearinga ] double speed at same ton-fuelb ] half TOF runway time at half distance TOFc ] 50 % of TOF fuel savedd] Cruise at 150 % speed for same fuelE ] Conclusion:This is only a concept design liable for 10 % variationVenture Capital Fund for technology demonstration invited- 2 mn$, 2 yrsEquity fund invited at 50 % interest – 100, 500, 1000 mn$ for automotive, Rail, Ship, Missile, PPProducts are not for sale. MAKE, OWN,OPERATE, MAINTAIN, SCRAP. except Bike, Car, MissileRoyalty as license fee 2 bn$/year for 10 years for all design. 1 Plant- 1 FactoryMuthukal Andy Appan, M E , 48 Yrs ExpertChennai, India. Johor-Bahru, Malaysia. LL 6073616460

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