Young Librarians Unite     Possibilities for Professional Transformation in                  Japanese Librarianship       ...
Contents of this presentation•   Aims of the study•   Research questions•   Theoretical background•   Background•   Resear...
Aims of the study• Many interorganizational networking  communities have spontaneously  emerged among young Japanese  libr...
Research questions• What outcomes did young librarians who  had participated in the interorganizational  social networking...
Theoretical background• Social network theory      – Interorganizational knowledge transfer      – Emotional aspects      ...
Background (1)• Emerging communities of young librarians      – In different places throughout Japan      – Voluntary     ...
Background (2)• The new communities emerged  because of:      –Dysfunction of traditional       professional organizations...
U40 Future Librarian• Organized in 2009• A loose community of librarians under 40• Events:      – Nationwide gathering par...
Lifo• Created by several young librarians  around 2008 working in rather small  academic libraries who had difficulty  fin...
Code4Lib Japan• An overseas branch of Code4Lib (USA)• Funded by Japan’s Library Advancement  Foundation• Training programs...
Research method• Semi-structured in-depth interviews• 5 librarians      – Participants and organizers of events and       ...
Interview questions1. Which events organized by the new networking   communities did you attend? What triggered your   int...
Findings (1)Expansion of interorganizational networks•Web-based     –Low cost, casual•Face-to-face networking      – Worth...
Findings (2)Motivation•Sharing their feelings with people under thesame situation2011/6/22         a-liep 2011 Malaysia   ...
Findings (3)Getting a job•Some interviewees got job informationReputation (evaluation inside a library)•Not yet evaluated ...
Findings (4)Difference from traditional librarian organization•Value for money•Less hierarchicalExpectation•Possibilities ...
Conclusion (1) Intraorganizational                              Limited learning                       Shrinking workplace...
Conclusion (2)• Limitation      – Only personal outcomes => Measurement of        organizational outcomes• Further study  ...
• Wiki website for information of rescue and support for  the Museums, Libraries, Archives and Kominkans  (MLAK) damaged b...
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Young librarians unite: possibilities for professional transformation in Japanese librarianship

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Presentation at A-LIEP: Asia-Pacific Conference on Library & Information Education and Practice: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities (22-24 June 2011, Pullman Putrajaya Lakeside, Putrajaya, MALAYSIA).

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Young librarians unite: possibilities for professional transformation in Japanese librarianship

  1. 1. Young Librarians Unite Possibilities for Professional Transformation in Japanese Librarianship Eriko Amano Course of Technology and Innovative Management Graduate School of Management Doshisha University2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 1
  2. 2. Contents of this presentation• Aims of the study• Research questions• Theoretical background• Background• Research method• Findings• Conclusion2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 2
  3. 3. Aims of the study• Many interorganizational networking communities have spontaneously emerged among young Japanese librarians in recent years.• This study explores: – the role of the communities from the perspectives of professional knowledge management, social networks – the possibilities of those communities for transformation in the Japanese librarianship2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 3
  4. 4. Research questions• What outcomes did young librarians who had participated in the interorganizational social networking communities obtain especially in terms of knowledge acquisition and affections?• What possibilities do the young librarians communities have to transform Japanese librarianship?2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 4
  5. 5. Theoretical background• Social network theory – Interorganizational knowledge transfer – Emotional aspects – Getting a job …2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 5
  6. 6. Background (1)• Emerging communities of young librarians – In different places throughout Japan – Voluntary – Optimal use of the web-based social networking tools – Relatively young librarians – No membership systems – Loose management style2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 6
  7. 7. Background (2)• The new communities emerged because of: –Dysfunction of traditional professional organizations –Shrinkage of workplace • the limited opportunity for learning further at work2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 7
  8. 8. U40 Future Librarian• Organized in 2009• A loose community of librarians under 40• Events: – Nationwide gathering party 2009 (12 venues, 330 people), 2010 (10 venues, 314 people)• It encourages young librarians: – to expand their networks – “to chat to open a future full of hope, rather than dwell on the problems we currently face”2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 8
  9. 9. Lifo• Created by several young librarians around 2008 working in rather small academic libraries who had difficulty finding hands-on learning opportunities• 200 members on Google Group• Events: – study tours, collaborative activities with other groups2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 9
  10. 10. Code4Lib Japan• An overseas branch of Code4Lib (USA)• Funded by Japan’s Library Advancement Foundation• Training programs (for a fee): – ICT-related training programs • 5 times (How to create a digital archive using flickr, Reading access log of a website, etc.)2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 10
  11. 11. Research method• Semi-structured in-depth interviews• 5 librarians – Participants and organizers of events and training programs – Full-time; 2, part-time;3 – Male; 2, Female; 3 – University libraries; 4, public library; 1• Skype text chatting• 50-60 minutes2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 11
  12. 12. Interview questions1. Which events organized by the new networking communities did you attend? What triggered your interest in the events?2. Did you get anything from the experience (e.g., practical knowledge, emotional change, network, job information)?3. Do you belong to any traditional library associations or groups, such as the Japan Library Association? Does being a member of such a group differ from participation in the events organized by the new communities?4. What do you see in the future of Japanese librarianship if the new communities keep growing?2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 12
  13. 13. Findings (1)Expansion of interorganizational networks•Web-based –Low cost, casual•Face-to-face networking – Worth while spending their weekendsKnowledge transfer•Opportunity of exchanging tacit knowledge2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 13
  14. 14. Findings (2)Motivation•Sharing their feelings with people under thesame situation2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 14
  15. 15. Findings (3)Getting a job•Some interviewees got job informationReputation (evaluation inside a library)•Not yet evaluated properly•One librarian got promoted2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 15
  16. 16. Findings (4)Difference from traditional librarian organization•Value for money•Less hierarchicalExpectation•Possibilities for changing the atmosphere oflibraries and librarianship•Essential to all information professionals2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 16
  17. 17. Conclusion (1) Intraorganizational Limited learning Shrinking workplace circumstances opportunities Motivated young New technologies librarians JobThe role of the interorganizational communities mobility? To help build social networks To provide opportunities for the transfer of knowledge Vital source of motivationa-liep 2011 Malaysia 2011/6/22 for the participants 17
  18. 18. Conclusion (2)• Limitation – Only personal outcomes => Measurement of organizational outcomes• Further study – Quantitative survey2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 18
  19. 19. • Wiki website for information of rescue and support for the Museums, Libraries, Archives and Kominkans (MLAK) damaged by the Great Earthquake in Japan• Collaborative online reference service• Professional volunteer matching• English and Chinese information available Terima kasih.2011/6/22 a-liep 2011 Malaysia 19
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