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Agriculture Engineering-chpter 1
Agriculture Engineering-chpter 1
Agriculture Engineering-chpter 1
Agriculture Engineering-chpter 1
Agriculture Engineering-chpter 1
Agriculture Engineering-chpter 1
Agriculture Engineering-chpter 1
Agriculture Engineering-chpter 1
Agriculture Engineering-chpter 1
Agriculture Engineering-chpter 1
Agriculture Engineering-chpter 1
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Agriculture Engineering-chpter 1

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  • 1. FARM TRACTOR
  • 2. Introduction to Farm MechanizationIn the beginning, man works on his land toplant crops for his subsistence by the power ofhuman musclesMany centuries passed – used animal muscleto relieve that of human being The discoveries of iron; tools were fashionedthat further relieved the labour of humanmusclesDevelopment of steel plow, the internalcombustion engine, the farm tractor and otherfarm machines affect farming progress in thelast hundred years
  • 3. The Need for Farm Mechanization First successful Internal Combustion Tractor was invented by John Froelich in 1892 powered by a single cylinder 20 hp (15 kW) engine Power Equipment Cuts Production Man-hour - - reduce man hours required to grow and harvest a hectare of crops planted With mechanization, rapid increase in output per man hour of labour on farms. Thus sharp increases in yields of crops and livestock because of improved farming practices
  • 4. Equipment must suit the crops and types of farming-- Row crops eg. corn, potatoes, tobacco-- Broadcast crops eg. Rice, wheat and small grains Farm machinery can be profitably used with both systems, but the more uses to which machinery can be adapted, the less spending in equipment eg. Combine harvester - harvest row crops, sorghum, rice, wheat, grains, soybeansTrend toward tractor mounted, pickup and quickchange units -- Earlier, all lifting and adjusting was done by hand levers -- Later, units could be attached as assembled units and lifted with mechanical power lifts by means of hydraulic power
  • 5. Benefits of Farm Mechanization• Reduce human labour• Increase farm productivity through higher yield per unit area• Distribution of labour for other activities• Efficiency of field operation and reduction of labour at peak hour activities
  • 6. Types of Tractors• Why different type of tractors? – Varied/ Different crops – Varied / Different field conditions
  • 7. Two types of Agricultural Tractors1)Wheeled Tractors a. Two wheel drive - Driving wheels are rear wheels - Use for agricultural work on flat ground - divided into 4 types i. Standard tread ii. Row crop iii. High clearance iv. Low profile
  • 8. i. Standard Tread Fixed tread widths - design for use in larger areasii. Row Crop Provides under tractor clearance Tractor tread can be adjusted to match row crop spacing Dual or single wheel and adjustable wide front axleiii. High Clearance Adjustable wide front axles with high clearance to cultivate tall crops eg. sugar cane Different from row crop is 12 to 14 inches more ground clearanceiv. Low Profile Design for working in confined areas eg. orchards, feedlots, building Low ground clearance
  • 9. b. Four wheel drive - Four wheels for driving wheels - Good adhesion (cengkaman) and traction (pegangan) - Heavy duty work; incline or slippery ground2)Track Type or Crawler Tractors
  • 10. THANK YOU

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