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TCOM 4170, Spring 2013 Lecture 2

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Transcript

  • 1. TCOM 4170 Spring 2014 Video Production Amani Channel, MA Lecture #2
  • 2. Agenda  Review  Production Positions  Planning to Shoot  Using your Camera  Composition  Photo Essay In Class Assignment
  • 3. Quiz 1. Explain the difference between HD and SD 2. Name 3 video formats (types of cams/acquisition) 3. Explain what nonlinear editing is 4. What is workflow? 5. Explain why composition is important
  • 4. Remember • Goal is to create interesting stories • Tell narratives • Learn professional video production techniques • Composition • Lighting • Audio • Editing
  • 5. Case Study  Alfred Hitchcock  Hitchcock’s Rule “The size of an object in a frame should be directly related to its importance in the story at that very moment.”  Hitchcock Techniques http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u5cxBHJ9_i4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eg6velhQxGs
  • 6. The Filmmakers Eye  High/low angles High-camera above eye level = weakness, powerless, passive Low-below eye level = power, control, confidence  Focal Points Center of interest in a composition Create compositions that will be understood  180 Rule Maintains spatial continuity The camera should always be placed on one side of an imaginary line http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=27KCpefUMxU
  • 7. The Filmmakers Eye  Field of View How much space along the x and y axis a lens will include in a frame, wide angle, normal, telephoto. Short focal length = greater field of view  Focal length is a measurement (millimeters) from the optical center to the recording surface.  Depth of field Distance along along the z axis that will be in sharp focus
  • 8. Basic Production Positions  Above the line: writer, producer, director, talent Below the line: everyone else (most production positions) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Below_the_line_(filmmaking)  Executive Director/Client: Finance Producer: Budget/Logistics/Keeps project on track Director: Calling the shots/camera Audio DP: Lights/Camera PA: Assists with equipment
  • 9. Video Production Formula  Plan: Preproduction. Write proposal, treatment, script, determine production needs; location, equipment, crew, edit, budget  Shoot: Production. Capture video, talent takes according to script  Edit: Postproduction (polish video with music, color correction, sweeten audio, motion graphics, special fx, render.  Share: Distribution.
  • 10. Workflow  Step-by-step management of a complex project Process by which you efficiently plan, shot, and edit a video/film project.  What camera & video format?  Where is the video stored?  What editing program?  How will it be archived?
  • 11. Getting to know the camera  How to turn it on  Connect to tripod  Audio  White balance  Focus  Watch zooms
  • 12. Storytelling Goals  Tell a story  Beginning/middle/end  Good audio  Good video  Good pictures  Emotion is good
  • 13. The first step  Writing the proposal. The concept of the story, what is the plot, goal, or reason why the film/video is being created.  Who is the talent? Shoot location(s), props?  What equipment? Camera, mics, special needs?  Timeline, shoot dates, deadlines  Final deliverable (format, DVD, media file?)