TCOM 4170 Spring 2014
Amani Channel, MA
Planning to Shoot
Using your Camera
Photo Essay In Class Assignment
Explain the difference between HD and SD
Name 3 video formats (types of cams/acquisition)
Explain what nonlinear editing is
What is workflow?
Explain why composition is important
• Goal is to create interesting stories
• Tell narratives
• Learn professional video production techniques
Hitchcock’s Rule “The size of an object in a frame should be
directly related to its importance in the story at that very
The Filmmakers Eye
High-camera above eye level = weakness, powerless, passive
Low-below eye level = power, control, confidence
Center of interest in a composition
Create compositions that will be understood
180 Rule Maintains spatial continuity
The camera should always be placed on one side of an
The Filmmakers Eye
Field of View
How much space along the x and y axis a lens will include in a
frame, wide angle, normal, telephoto. Short focal length =
greater field of view
Focal length is a measurement (millimeters) from the optical
center to the recording surface.
Depth of field
Distance along along the z axis that will be in sharp focus
Basic Production Positions
Above the line: writer, producer, director, talent
Below the line: everyone else (most production positions)
Executive Director/Client: Finance
Producer: Budget/Logistics/Keeps project on track
Director: Calling the shots/camera
PA: Assists with equipment
Video Production Formula
Plan: Preproduction. Write proposal, treatment, script,
determine production needs; location, equipment, crew, edit,
Shoot: Production. Capture video, talent takes according to
Edit: Postproduction (polish video with music, color
correction, sweeten audio, motion graphics, special fx,
Step-by-step management of a complex project
Process by which you efficiently plan, shot, and edit a
What camera & video format?
Where is the video stored?
What editing program?
How will it be archived?
Getting to know the camera
How to turn it on
Connect to tripod
Tell a story
Emotion is good
The first step
Writing the proposal. The concept of the story, what is the
plot, goal, or reason why the film/video is being created.
Who is the talent? Shoot location(s), props?
What equipment? Camera, mics, special needs?
Timeline, shoot dates, deadlines
Final deliverable (format, DVD, media file?)