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Online Multimedia Learning

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This presentation was used in a class on multimedia learning for students of the Education Science PhD at Universidade Nova de Lisboa and Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada. Major focus on the …

This presentation was used in a class on multimedia learning for students of the Education Science PhD at Universidade Nova de Lisboa and Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada. Major focus on the Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning by Richard E. Mayer.

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Transcript

  • 1. ONLINE multimEdia LEARNING
    Connecting information
    02-06-2011
    by: António Maneira
    Advanced Digital Media - UT Austin | Portugal
  • 2. Online Multimedia Learning
    Human-centered multimedia
    Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning
    Connecting information
  • 3. TheMatrix (1999)
    Trinity: “Tank I need a pilot program for a B-212 helicopter.”
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dg0E5xwIXho
  • 4. What would be your criteria for building a multimedia presentation?
    Technologically Sophisticated
    • Computer
    • 5. Internet
    • 6. Latest softwares
    Aesthetically Pleasing
    • Nice photos
    • 7. Shinny graphics
    • 8. Colorful types
    • 9. Fading backgrounds
    Information-rich
  • Human-centeredmultimedia
    WhatisMultimedia?
    Delivery-MediaView
    Presentation-ModesView
    Sensory-ModalityView
  • 14. Human-centeredmultimedia
    Two Design Approaches:
    Technology-Centered
    Learner-Centered
  • 15. Human-centeredmultimedia
    Learningoutcomes:
    RoteLearning - GoodretentionPoortransfer
    MeaningfulLearning - Goodretention & transfer
  • 16. Human-centeredmultimedia
    Humanmind:
    Long-term memory
    Working memory
    WhyMultimedia?
    Dual channels (multiple channels)
    Limited capacity
    Active processing
  • 17. Human-centeredmultimedia
    Dual channels:
    Visual informationProcessing
    AuditoryinformationProcessing
  • 18. Human-centeredmultimedia
    Limited capacity
    working memory is only able to hold 7 new data;
    almost all the contents of working memory are lost within about 20 seconds.
  • 19. Human-centeredmultimedia
    Active processing
    Selecting relevant words
    images
    Organizing into a verbal model
    pictorial model
    Integrating the verbal and pictorial representation with each other and with prior knowledge
  • 20. Howpumpswork
    As the rod is pulled out, air passes through the piston and fills the area between the piston and the outlet valve. As the rod is pushed in, the inlet valve closes and the piston forces air through the outlet valve.
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23. Arousal theory
    Students learn better when they are emotionally aroused by the material
  • 24. HowLighteningworks
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q3Awp-3CxSU
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q3Awp-3CxSU
  • 25. Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning
    Principles for better Multimedia Learning:
    Coherence
    Signaling
    Redundancy
    Segmenting
    Multimedia
    Personalization
  • 26. Coherence
    Lessis more
    Students tend to be able to remember the seductive details better than they can remember the central ideas in the passage
  • 27. Signaling
    Peoplelearnbetterwhencuesthathighlighttheorganizationoftheessential material are added
    Outlines
    Headings
    Vocal emphasis
    Pointerwords
  • 28. Redundancy
    Multimediais more effectivewhenwords are presented as speachratherthenspeechandprintedtext
    learningpreferenceshypothesis
  • 29. Segmenting
    students learn better when a multimedia message is presented in user-paced segments rather than as a continuous unit
  • 30. Multimedia
    Peoplelearnbetterfromwordsandpicturesthanfromwordsalone
    Decorative
    Representational
    Organizational
    Explanative
  • 31. Personalization
    Peoplelearnbetterfrommultimediapresentationswhenwords are inconversationalstyleratherthan formal style
    Multimedialearning as social event
    Voice (Human vs Computer)
    Image (Avatar / Tutor )
  • 32. ConnectingInformation
    How big is the internet?
    109.5 million websites operated
    one trillion unique URLs
    65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day
  • 33. Have you ever used YouTube to teach yourself something?
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36.
  • 37. Connectinginformation
    LearningManagementSystems (LMS) andauthoringtools(Commercial: Articulate; Camtasia; Lectora; Blackboard,...; Adobe Captivate) (Opensource: Moodle, Elgg, Udutu,...)
    More: http://www.c4lpt.co.uk/Directory/Tools/instructional.html
  • 38. Connectinginformation
    Children who train with the virtual materials are as capable in correctly designing experiments as children who train with the physical materials.
    Triona and Klahr
  • 39. Conclusões
    A utilização de meios audiovisuais, de multimédia e soluções interactivas na educação é vantajosa em diversos casos;
    É cada vez mais simples criar vídeos animações e imagens;
    Existem algumas regras e condições para potenciar a utilização de multimédia na educação.
  • 40. Obrigado
  • 41. Referências:
    Mayer, R. E. (2009). Multimedia Learning (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press
    Kommers, Piet; Grabinger, Scott; Dunlap, Joana (1996). Hypermedia Learning Environments, Instructional Design and Integration, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
    Ree, Stephen K. (2009). Manipulating Multimedia Materials, In Zheng, Rober Z. (2009) Cognitive Effects of Multimedia Learning http://www.sci.sdsu.edu/CRMSE/personal_pages/sreed/Manipulating_Materials.pdf
    http://sourceforge.net/projects/camstudio/files/stable/

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