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Newton’s third law of motion
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Newton’s third law of motion

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  • 1. Newton’s Third Law of Motion: Action-Reaction
    8SCIENCE
  • 2. Review: what are Newton’s Laws of Motion?
    First law of motion:
    If forces acting on an object are balanced the object will remain at rest or in motion (constant velocity)
    Also called:
    Inertia
    Second law of motion:
    If forces are unbalanced, an object affected by a force will accelerate in the direction of the force
    Involves:
    Force and acceleration
  • 3. Newton’s third law of motion
    Law: Forces always act in equal but opposite pairs
    Another way to say this: for every action there is an equal but opposite reaction
    One object cannot provide a force without this object causing a return force
    Forces act in opposite directions
    Ex: bumper cars, walking
  • 4. Newton’s third law of motion:
    Sometimes it may be hard to identify the action-reactionpairbecause one object is much larger than the other
    It has so much inertia that it stays still or hardly accelerates
    Ex. Walking: when you walk forward you push your foot backwards on the ground. The Earth pushes your shoe forwardbut because the mass of the Earth is so large, it does move when you push against it
    Ex. Putting your hand out of the window in a moving car – force of the wind pushes your hand back in the opposite direction the car is moving
    Can you think of more examples?