Copyright

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Copyright

  1. 1. COPYRIGHT: THE ESSENTIALSAmanda LermaEDTC 6340
  2. 2. Can I legally use this material?(Harper, 2007)
  3. 3. Hidden Treasures• What are public domain works?• Works that can be shared with the public• What are orphan works?• Copyright owners are unknown, unable to be located,or unresponsive(Harper, 2007)
  4. 4. Digitization• Libraries, museums, and archives are undertaking alllevels of massive digitization projects to provide increasedpublic access to digital collections• Companies such as Google and Amazon are working withorganizations to accelerate the availability of digitalcollections• Foundations also provide financial support for thesedigitization projects(Harper, 2007)
  5. 5. Impacts of Digitization• Technological progressions have enhanced sharingcapabilities• This steady technological growth has also correlated withincreased laws that tend to sequester works• Both ends of the spectrum have promoted the importanceof developing a middle ground(Harper, 2007)
  6. 6. Finding a Balance in Copyright• An increasing amount of tools are available that helpidentify works in the public domain• Ex. Google Book Search, University of Texas at Austin LibrariesPublic Domains Project• The development of practices that provide clear andreasonable searches of copyright owners of various works• Effectively managing the issues of orphan works(Harper, 2007)
  7. 7. Copyright Protection on the Web• Everything available on the internet is NOT public domain• Copyright protection is enforced once something iscreated on a tangible medium (includes computer media)(Harper, 2007)
  8. 8. Licenses to Use Internet Materials• What are implied licenses?• Authors reasonably expect that their works will beread, downloaded, forwarded, or printed out• Provide vague boundaries• What are express licenses?• Clearly define the rights that authors want readers, viewers, orlisteners to possess• Creative Commons License(Harper, 2007)
  9. 9. Liability for Copyright Infringement• RIAA lawsuits for peer-to-peer file sharing• Universities and libraries are accountable for the actionsof their employees• It is vital for organizations to ensure that their employeesare informed of their responsibilities(Harper, 2007)
  10. 10. The Role of Fair use• What is fair use?• The right of individuals to use copyrighted material withoutpermission or paying for it• Unprotected works• Library-licensed works• Creative Commons licensed works• Works covered by implied licenses(Harper, 2007)
  11. 11. Fair Use Exemption• Is the use you want to make of another’s worktransformative? Does it add value and repurpose the workfor a new audience?• Is the amount of material you want to use appropriate toachieve your transformative purpose?(Harper, 2007)
  12. 12. Four Factor Fair Use Test• What is the character of the use?• What is the nature of the work to be used?• How much of the work will you use?• What effect would this have on the market for the originalsor for the permissions if the use were widespread?(Harper, 2007)
  13. 13. The Teach Act• Allows educators to display and perform others’ works inthe classroom with limitations for distance educationenvironments• Expanded rights from Section 110(2)• Exclusions from coverage(Harper, 2007)
  14. 14. Getting Permission• Copyright Clearance Center (CCC)• Provides electronic and photocopy based permissions services andsubscription licenses for typical institutional use• Contacting the owner• Wake Forest University, Project Acorn, and UT Austin provide servicesto help locate owners• Unidentifiable owner• Copyright infringement can still be enforced regardless of anunsuccessful search for the owner(Harper, 2007)
  15. 15. ReferencesHarper, G. (2001, 2007). Copyright crash course.University of Texas Libraries. Retrieved fromhttp://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/index.html

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