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Amanda lerma learning presentation

  1. 1. Dead End to Graduation Boulevard: A Look at the Barriers Faced by First-Generation College Students Amanda Lerma EDCI 6300-62 Dr. A.J. Herrera Spring 2012
  2. 2. Problem Statement The problem is that first-generation college students have low rates of retention and graduation at state senior colleges (Salinas & Llanes, 2003).
  3. 3. Purpose and Need • The purpose of this literature review is to examine and analyze the barriers that contribute to the low rates of retention and graduation for first-generation college students. • In order to meet the demands of the 21st Century, there is a need to include first- generation college students as part of the educated workforce in Texas.
  4. 4. Types of Research • The majority of the research studies used qualitative methods by gathering data through interviews and focus groups. • A small portion of the research studies used quantitative methods. Data was gathered through surveys and by analyzing academic transcripts.
  5. 5. Reviewing the Literature Wiggins (2011) affirms that first-generation college students’ lack of academic success is the result of precollege elements and experiences during actual college enrollment.
  6. 6. Reviewing the Literature • Pike and Kuh (2005) state that families of first- generation college students have little interaction with high schools, counselors, teachers, and administrators. • Given these circumstances, teachers and counselors are pivotal in providing college information and guidance to first-generation college students.
  7. 7. Reviewing the Literature A lack of college funds has been correlated to college attrition (Martinez, Sher, Krull, & Wood, 2009).
  8. 8. Reviewing the Literature “…a welcoming, one-on-one, diverse, and engaging university climate is pivotal to ensure persistence among students” (Arana, Castaneda- Sound, Blanchard, & Aguilar, 2011, p. 245)
  9. 9. Results As evidenced by the literature, first- generation college students encounter barriers to college success prior to college enrollment and while actually enrolled in college.
  10. 10. Gaps in the Literature • There is a lack of a clear definition of first- generation college students in research studies. • Limited research studies exist in comparing the impact of different types of universities on the success of first-generation college students (ex. private vs. public). • Research studies have indicated that interaction with universities is crucial to student success, however little is known on which particular types of programs are the most effective.
  11. 11. Conclusion First-generation college students face barriers at the precollege level and while enrolled at college which contribute to their low rates of retention and graduation. It is imperative for high schools and state senior colleges to understand the barriers faced by this student population in order to provide better guidance and services.
  12. 12. Sources Arana, R., Castaneda-Sound, C., Blanchard, S., & Aguilar, T. (2011). Indicators of persistence for Hispanic undergraduate achievement: Toward an ecological model. Journal of Hispanic Higher Education, 10(3), 237-251. Martinez, J.A., Sher, K.J., Krull, J.L., & Wood, P.K. (2009). Blue-Collar scholars?: Mediators and moderators of university attrition in first-generation college students. Journal of College Student Development, 50(1), 87-103. Pike, G.R., & Kuh, G.D. (2005). First and second-generation college students: A comparison of their engagement and intellectual development. Journal of Higher Education, 76(3), 276-300. Salinas, A., & Llanes, J.R. (2003). Student attrition, retention, and persistence: The case of the University of Texas Pan American. Journal of Hispanic Higher Education, 2(1), 73-97. Wiggins, J. (2011). Faculty and first-generation college students: Bridging the classroom gap together. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 127, 1-4. doi: 10.1002/tl.451 Microsoft PowerPoint and Clip Art