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Sex health presentation 4 25 ppt Sex health presentation 4 25 ppt Presentation Transcript

  • TOOLS FOR FAMILIES TODISCUSS SEXUAL HEALTHNursing 810Currier NeilyAmanda Cornelissen
  • The goal of this presentation is to start aconversation between you and yourteenager about sexual health
  • The beginning of this presentation isintended for parents, there is a slide thatpoints out the point at which your teenshould be invited to join you in watching.
  • Why is sex ed important?
  •  “The United States ranks first amongdeveloped nations in rates of both teenagepregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.”(Stanger-Hall & Hall, 2011, p.1)
  • Let’s be honest…50% of high school students reportbeing sexually active40% of these students did not usecondoms during their last sexualencounter76% of students report using nocontraceptive methods at all
  • What about teachingabstinence?
  •  The US is one of few developed nationsthat has long supported abstinence-onlyeducation initiatives
  • www.churchoftherock.ca -
  •  “…abstinence-only education as a state policyis ineffective in preventing teenagepregnancy and may actually be contributing tothe high teenage pregnancy rates in the U.S.”(Stanger-Hall & Hall, 2011, p.1)
  •  But what about “virginity pledges?” Studies suggest that 60% have broken their vowswithin 6 years. Pledgers may begin vaginal intercourse at a laterage, but are more likely to engage in oral oranal sex than non-pledgers. Pledgers are also less likely to use any form ofcontraception during their first sexual encounter
  •  Where does “abstinence only until marriage”leave teens who identify as lesbian, gay,bisexual or transgendered?
  • THINK ABOUT ITParent Discussion
  •  What are your feelings about sex andsexuality? Are you comfortable discussing sex and your ownsexuality?
  •  How do you want your children to experiencetheir sexuality? Do you want them to be in “love”? Is it important that they wait until marriage? Do you want them to be in a committed, long-termrelationship first? Are you open to discussions abouthomosexuality, bisexuality or transgender issues?
  • http://www.feroniaproject.org/fun-friday-sex-ed-
  • How do I bring it up?
  • Tips for Discussion The right moment might be when the topiccomes up – in conversation, on TV, etc. Be honest Acknowledge that the subject is uncomfortable If you don’t know the answer to a question, offerto look it up
  •  Be direct and explain the risks Consider your teen’s point of view Discuss values and feelings Encourage your son or daughter to continue tocome to you with questions and concerns
  • Invite your teen If appropriate, invite your teen to watch therest of the presentation with you Otherwise, use the information on thefollowing slides to start your discussion whenthe time is right
  • THINK ABOUT ITFamily Discussion
  •  Studies show that positive family relationshipsand open discussion about sex can influence ateen to delay sexual activity as well as havingthem become more responsible once they aresexually active.
  •  How does your teen define sex? How does your teen hope to experiencehis/her sexuality?
  • Defining Sex There is no one correct definition of “sex.” Dictionaries can’t even agree… Sexual intercourse= any physical contactbetween two individuals involving stimulation ofthe genital organs of at least one.(freedictionary.com) OR Sexual intercourse= an act carried out forprocreation or pleasure in which, typically, theinsertion of the male’s penis into the female’svagina. (Collin’s dictionary)
  •  Its important for you as a family to have yourown definitions of sex. Do you mean penis-vagina penetration? Does oral sex or mutual masturbation count? What about anal sex?
  •  What are your goals as a family? Is it to delay sex until marriage? Is your goal to be “in love” before you have sex? Is it to delay sex until a certain age or stage(ex/out of high school) Do you want to avoid pregnancy? What about Sexually Transmitted Infections?
  • Consequences of Sex
  • Recognizing an UnhealthyRelationship Alcohol or drug use Avoidance of friends and social events Excusing their dating partners behavior Fearfulness around their dating partner Loss of interest in school or activities that wereonce enjoyable Suspicious bruises, scratches or other injuries
  • Teen PregnancyHow would it affect YOUR life?
  • Teenaged Mothers 3 out of 10 females will become pregnant atleast once before the age of 20. Only 1/3 of teen mothers will complete HighSchool and receive a diploma
  •  Only 30% of teen moms report receiving anyform of child support from their child’s father Many report less than $800 per year. Greater than 25% of all teen mothers live inpoverty.
  • Teen Fathers 1 out of 15 males will become fathers beforetheir 20th birthday. Almost 50% will have another child betweenthe ages of 22-24 years of age. Teen fathers are likely to have lower levels ofeducation leading to lower income.
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections(STIs)
  • STI’s- The scary truth Teens are at an increased risk to contract anSTI because they are more likely to haveunprotected sex and multiple partners. 50% of all new STI cases each year occur inteens 1 out of every 2 people who are sexuallyactive will have an STI by age 25
  • Warning – Graphic Content! For further descriptions and pictures ofcommon STIs use this link: Http://www.cdc.gov/std/training/picturecards-warning.htm
  • Testing STIs can be spread through any sexualcontact. Yes! you can get an STI from oral sex, penis-vaginal sex and anal sex. Most teens do not even know they have anSTI Less than 50% of those under the age of 30reported being tested for an STI other thanHIV.
  • What Can I Do? Get tested! Use protection Make sure all of your partners get tested.
  • Contraception Oh so many options…
  • *With proper use
  • *With proper use
  • How do I decide? Talk to your partner about your plan forcontraception Make a plan, both of you should be involved Have a conversation with your healthcareprofessional about contraception options
  • ReferencesCDC. 2013. Sexual Risk Behavior: HIV, STD, & Teen Pregnancy Prevention. Retrieved fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/sexualbehaviors/Commendador, K.A., (2010). Parental influences on adolescent decision making and contraceptive use. PediatricNursing, 36, 147-70.Foster, L.R., Byers, E.S., & Sears, H.A. (2011). Middle school students’ perceptions of the quality of the sexual healtheducation received from their parents. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 20(3), 55-65.Kesterton, D. & Coleman, L. (201). Speakeasy: a UK-wide initiative raising parents’ confidence and ability to talkabout sex and relationships with their children. Sex Education, 10(4), 437-448.Manlove, J. Ikramullah, E., Minicieli, L., Holcombe, E., & Danish, S. (2009) Trends in sexual experience, contraceptiveuse, and teenage childbearing: 1992-2002. Journal of Adolescent Health, 44, 413-423Mayo Clinic. 2011. Sex Education: Talking to your teen about sex. Retrieved fromhttp://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sex-education/CC00032Sexually transmitted disease guidelines. 2010. (2010). MMWR Recommendations and Reports, 59 (RR-12). 1-110.Stanger-Hall, K.F., Hall, D.W. (2011). Abstinence-Only Education and Teen Pregnancy Rates: Why We NeedComprehensive Sex Education in the U.S. PLoS ONE, 6(10), 1-11. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0024658Vital Signs. Teen pregnancy- United States. 1991-2009. (2011). MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 60(13),414-420.