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Selecting methods 2 july 24
 

Selecting methods 2 july 24

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    Selecting methods 2 july 24 Selecting methods 2 july 24 Presentation Transcript

    • Thinking Methodology 2
      VBQU234 Undertake Academic Research
    • Thinking Phenomenologically
    • Quantitative
      Comparison of Research Approaches
      Number
      Point of View: Researcher
      Distant
      Static
      Structured
      Generalised
      Reliable
      Behaviour
      Artificial
      Macro
      Word
      Point of View: Participant
      Close
      Process
      Flexible
      Contextual
      Deep
      Meaning
      Natural
      Micro
      Qualitative
    • An inductive approach to theories and concepts
      Qual research focuses on VARIETY of the concept, how it ‘really is’ in the social world, how it is used to create meaning for people.
      NUANCES
      Indicators are seen as ‘straitjackets’
      Charisma / leadership / enthusiasm / concentration / learning / anger / sensitivity / disbelief
      How would a qual researcher find these? Would they be so ‘one-dimensional’?
      Read Research in focus 16.1
    • Validity in Qualitative Research
      Validity means the integrity of the conclusions reached by your research
      Internal Validity: Congruence between data and theory and Analysis
      Seen as a strength of Qual. Participation ensures empathy
      External Validity: Can the results be generalised?
      Seen as a weakness of Qual. Case studies and personalisation / subjectivity
      Credibility: Trustworthiness
      Respondent validation
      Good practice - triangulation
    • Validity in Qualitative Research 2
      Validity means the integrity of the conclusions reached by your research
      Transferable – thick description
      Seen as a weakness – do the findings hold in the same context elsewhere? THICK DESCRIPTIONS Read 16.3 / p. 387
      Dependable and transparent
      Making transcripts available and peer reviewed
      All data is appendicle
      Make a Qualitative Quality Checklist: see pp 380-381
      The checklist will be your RR criteria for assessment
    • Preoccupation # 1
    • Preoccupation # 2
    • Emerging Concepts – time for the researcher to revise their questions and do more research about things they had not thought of
      Process over time – people and change is a focus for ethnographers
      Preoccupation # 3
    • Participant Observer: Access
      • Open Closed
      • Public / Private / Networked
      • Overt Covert
      • Single Ongoing
      • Going Native
      • Read Figure 17.1
    • Field Notes
      Jotted Notes
      Visual / photographic field notes
      Full Field notes
      Recorded Notes
      Time and date / code & category / context
      See example: pp 421 / 17.7
    •  Focus Groups
      Conversation Analysis – recorded
      Set period of time – be flexible
      Pre-explained – researcher decides how much to reveal
      Guided by question sheet prepared by researcher
      Selection criteria for group members
      Background for each member of the group
      Age / sex / occupation / postcode / education etc
      Code each participant by voice
      Transcribe as group and as participant (2 types of transcription)
      Intra – group observations: the participants’ interaction with each other
    • Read chapter 18 to cover all practical aspects of interviews.
      Write up 5 questions in the styles shown in the reading that are relevant to your line of enquiry. To whom would you ask these?
      Life Histories & Interviews
    • Talking Methods
      In pairs, hold a discussion about each Report back to the class.
      What is your research project about?
      What is the context you are looking at?
      What quantitative data collection would you choose? Why? What are you looking for?
      What qualitative data method would you choose?
    • Identify possible Qualitative Methods for your project stating advantages
      Read up on interview techniques: chapter 18 in Bryman
      Download and begin your presentation preparation
      REVIEW RESEARCH QUESTION
      Homework
    • Presentation Prep: presenting well in academic contexts
      &
      Method statements
      Next Week: Workshop