Selecting methods 2 july 24


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Selecting methods 2 july 24

  1. 1. Thinking Methodology 2<br />VBQU234 Undertake Academic Research<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Thinking Phenomenologically<br />
  4. 4. Quantitative<br />Comparison of Research Approaches<br />Number<br />Point of View: Researcher<br />Distant<br />Static<br />Structured<br />Generalised <br />Reliable<br />Behaviour<br />Artificial<br />Macro<br />Word<br />Point of View: Participant<br />Close<br />Process<br />Flexible<br />Contextual<br />Deep<br />Meaning<br />Natural<br />Micro<br />Qualitative<br />
  5. 5. An inductive approach to theories and concepts<br />Qual research focuses on VARIETY of the concept, how it ‘really is’ in the social world, how it is used to create meaning for people. <br />NUANCES<br />Indicators are seen as ‘straitjackets’<br />Charisma / leadership / enthusiasm / concentration / learning / anger / sensitivity / disbelief<br />How would a qual researcher find these? Would they be so ‘one-dimensional’?<br />Read Research in focus 16.1<br />
  6. 6. Validity in Qualitative Research<br />Validity means the integrity of the conclusions reached by your research<br />Internal Validity: Congruence between data and theory and Analysis<br />Seen as a strength of Qual. Participation ensures empathy<br />External Validity: Can the results be generalised?<br />Seen as a weakness of Qual. Case studies and personalisation / subjectivity<br />Credibility: Trustworthiness<br />Respondent validation<br />Good practice - triangulation<br />
  7. 7. Validity in Qualitative Research 2<br />Validity means the integrity of the conclusions reached by your research<br />Transferable – thick description<br />Seen as a weakness – do the findings hold in the same context elsewhere? THICK DESCRIPTIONS Read 16.3 / p. 387<br />Dependable and transparent <br />Making transcripts available and peer reviewed<br />All data is appendicle<br />Make a Qualitative Quality Checklist: see pp 380-381<br />The checklist will be your RR criteria for assessment<br />
  8. 8. Preoccupation # 1<br />
  9. 9. Preoccupation # 2<br />
  10. 10. Emerging Concepts – time for the researcher to revise their questions and do more research about things they had not thought of<br />Process over time – people and change is a focus for ethnographers<br />Preoccupation # 3<br />
  11. 11. Participant Observer: Access<br /><ul><li>Open Closed
  12. 12. Public / Private / Networked
  13. 13. Overt Covert
  14. 14. Single Ongoing
  15. 15. Going Native
  16. 16. Read Figure 17.1</li></li></ul><li>Field Notes <br />Jotted Notes<br />Visual / photographic field notes<br />Full Field notes<br />Recorded Notes<br />Time and date / code & category / context<br />See example: pp 421 / 17.7<br />
  17. 17.  Focus Groups<br />Conversation Analysis – recorded<br />Set period of time – be flexible<br />Pre-explained – researcher decides how much to reveal<br />Guided by question sheet prepared by researcher<br />Selection criteria for group members <br />Background for each member of the group<br />Age / sex / occupation / postcode / education etc<br />Code each participant by voice<br />Transcribe as group and as participant (2 types of transcription)<br />Intra – group observations: the participants’ interaction with each other<br />
  18. 18. Read chapter 18 to cover all practical aspects of interviews.<br />Write up 5 questions in the styles shown in the reading that are relevant to your line of enquiry. To whom would you ask these?<br />Life Histories & Interviews<br />
  19. 19. Talking Methods<br />In pairs, hold a discussion about each Report back to the class.<br />What is your research project about?<br />What is the context you are looking at?<br />What quantitative data collection would you choose? Why? What are you looking for?<br />What qualitative data method would you choose?<br />
  20. 20. Identify possible Qualitative Methods for your project stating advantages<br />Read up on interview techniques: chapter 18 in Bryman<br />Download and begin your presentation preparation<br />REVIEW RESEARCH QUESTION <br />Homework<br />
  21. 21. Presentation Prep: presenting well in academic contexts<br />&<br />Method statements<br />Next Week: Workshop<br />