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Education is life itself,


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john dewey

john dewey

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  • 1. “Education is life itself…” John Dewey and Theory of inquiry Amanda Busselman
  • 2. Agenda • About Dewey • Your Warm up Discussion • What I have found • Discussion and present my experience activity • Your Activity
  • 3. Life & Education October, 1859 - June, 1952 (92 years!) Ph.D. in philosophy Issues of his time: Urban shift, manufacturing, Industrial economy, corporatization, stratification of classes, European immigrations, Civil war, Nuclear war Areas of Interest: Philosophy, Experimental Psychology, Pedagogy Influences Johann Pestalozzi- learn by doing Fredrick Froebel- play based learning Horace Mann
  • 4. Discussion At the turn-of-the-century classrooms and education were teacher centered; learning took place in the form of lecture and reading, and students were expected to memorize and regurgitate information orally or in writing. • What is the purpose of education? Social, Individual, etc. • How does education contribute to a functioning democracy? • How are knowledge and skills acquired?
  • 5. What we know Reconstruction- Education as a Science Pragmatism- what works for society, for the public good Progressive Movement- Merge kinder with primary,…What are some effects, implications, drawbacks? Who were the Progressives?-WAM Project Approach (aka Project Based learning)- integrated curriculum through “real” experiences Experiential Learning- Interaction with environment, communication, collaboration Environment, Experience, Democracy, Diversity Place-Based Education Inquiry and Scientific method- problem, need for solution/change, hypothesized action, action, experience, reflection, learning
  • 6. – “Continuous Reconstruction of Experience” (Branscombe, Castle, Dorsey, Surbec, Taylor, 2000) – Childrens interests, active experiences, integrated curriculum (Early Childhood Today, 2000) – Attention to societal and cultural aspects of education (Hohr, 2012) Some aspects of Theory
  • 7. Guidelines from Dewey • Students learn by experimenting and exploring their interests • They are part of a social group and learn to help one another • They creatively solve problems • Teachers build in children's strengths in a child centered environment (DePencier and Harms, 1996) Photo: 9jyP8vXDDvQ/TsBdekLjl6I/AAAAAAAAA4g/VMzk5DiAsJQ/s1600/school+garden.png
  • 8. Literary Contributions Some of his relevant well-known works are: How We Think 1910, Democracy In Education 1916, Experience And Education 1938, Reconstruction in Philosophy 1920, Experience and Nature 1925, The Public and its Problems 1927
  • 9. _Presentation.jpg/93469442/548x489/Experiential_Learning_-_Presentation.jpg
  • 10. Testing the Theory • Laboratory Schools- University of Chicago – January, 1986 – Study children’s growth and development – Create Pedagogy on a Scientific Basis – Challenge current methods and ideas – Extension of life at home – Create a cooperative community
  • 11. Criticism • Though he attempted to promote a democratic world, through education, was the progressive movement an “armchair revolution?” (Shyman, 2010) • Where are the cultural issues? – Compared with Freire-social action and political action, liberation, “transfer hope from teacher to pupil,” (Shyman, 2010).
  • 12. Your Turn • Think about an experience that you could build activities and projects around. • Include Aspects that enhance social development and honor diversity. • Choose age range • Integrate opportunities for enhancing development in all domains
  • 13. In Practice Today • Reconstruct work of theorists, for our current contexts (Neubert, 2009) - present needs, social issues, challenges What is the public good? Who decides?
  • 14. Refrences Harms, W., & DePencier, I. (1996). Experiencing Education, Chapter One. Retrieved from The University of Chicago, Laboratory Schools: Hohr, H. (2013). The Concept of Experience by John Dewey Revisited: Conceiving, Feeling and "Enliving". Studies In Philosophy And Education, 32(1), 25-38. Neubert, S. (2009). Reconstructing Deweyan Pragmatism: A Review Essay. Educational Theory. Shyman, E. (2011). A Comparison of the Concepts of Democracy and Experience in a Sample of Major Works by Dewey and Freire. Educational Philosophy And Theory, 43(10), 1035 1046.