Types of jet propulsion engine

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There are 5 types of jet propulsion engine such as turbojet, turbofan, turboprop, turbo-shaft, and ramjet.Some types of jet propulsive engine are not cover in this slide such as pulse engine and …

There are 5 types of jet propulsion engine such as turbojet, turbofan, turboprop, turbo-shaft, and ramjet.Some types of jet propulsive engine are not cover in this slide such as pulse engine and rocket.

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  • 1. FACULTY OF MECHANICAL & MANUFACTURING ENGINEERINGAIRCRAFT PROPULSION BDU 20203 TYPES OF JET PROPULSION ENGINE By: AMAL IQMAL BIN ADNAN AD110189 2BDC Lecture: Dr. Mohammad Fahmi Bin Abdul Ghafir http://dryicons.com/free-graphics/preview/blue-background
  • 2. TURBOJET ENGINE http://purpleopurple.com/tourism/modern-wonders/concorde.html
  • 3. SINGLE SPOOL TURBOJET Compressors Combustion Chamber Turbine Nozzle/Exhaust Inlet •Basic turbojet engine invented by Sir Frank Whittle and Dr. Hans von Ohain •Turbojet engine is very powerful engine ever.Optional: Afterburner, Convergent or Con/Di Nozzle
  • 4. SINGLE SPOOL TURBOJET WITH TWO COMPRESSORS Axial Turbines Compressors Nozzle/ExhaustInlet Centrifugal Compressors Burner
  • 5. TWO SPOOL TURBOJET LP Compressors HP HP Turbine Compressors Nozzle/Exhaust Inlet Combustor LP TurbinesOptional: Afterburner, Convergent or Con/Di Nozzle
  • 6. http://www.topaviationsites.net/news/the-boeing-787-dreamliner TURBOFAN ENGINE
  • 7. SINGLE SPOOL MIXED FLOW TURBOFAN Compressors Combustion Chamber Turbines Nozzle/Exhaust Inlet •At nozzle exit, fluid flow at primary and secondary nozzle are mixed.Optional: Afterburner, Convergent or Con/Di Nozzle
  • 8. TWO SPOOL TURBOFAN LOW BYPASS RATIO Divergent NozzleAir Intake LP Compressors LP Turbines Burner HP Compressors HP Turbine
  • 9. THREE SPOOL TURBOFAN LOW BYPASS RATIO Divergent Nozzle Air Inlet LPCompressor LP Turbine IP Compressors HP IP Turbine Compressors Combustor HP Turbine
  • 10. VARIABLE CYCLE ENGINE •A variable cycle engine (VCE) is an engine that is designed to operate efficiently under mixed flight conditions, such as subsonic, transonic and supersonic.Optional: Afterburner, Convergent or Con/Di Nozzle
  • 11. TWO SPOOL TURBOFANDiffuser 2 Nozzles 1Fan LP Turbines Combustion HP Turbine HP Chamber Compressors
  • 12. GEARED TURBOFAN LP TYPE A Compressors 2 NozzlesDiffuser 1 Gear Fan LP Turbines Burner HP Turbine HP Compressors
  • 13. GEARED TURBOFAN LP TYPE B Compressors 2 NozzlesDiffuser 1 Gear Fan LP Turbines HP Turbine HP Compressors Centrifugal Compressors Combustor
  • 14. THREE SPOOL TURBOFAN 2 NozzlesDiffuser 1 LP Fan LP Turbines IPCompressors Combustion HP Turbine IP Turbine HP Chamber Compressors
  • 15. INTERCOOLED RECUPERATED TURBOFAN Diffuser Intercooled 2 Nozzles 1 LP Fan LP Turbines IP Compressors Burner HP Turbine IP Turbine HP CompressorsOptional: Intercooler, Recuperator
  • 16. MIXED FLOW TURBOFAN Diffuser Mixed Nozzle Fan LP Turbines LPCompressors Combustor HP Turbine HP Compressors
  • 17. GEARED MIXED FLOW TURBOFAN ADiffuser ExhaustGear Fan LP LP TurbinesCompressors HP Turbine HP Combustion Compressors Chamber
  • 18. GEARED MIXED FLOW TURBOFAN B NozzlesDiffuser GearLP Fan LP Turbines LPCompressors HP Centrifugal Burner HP Turbine Compressors Compressors
  • 19. THREE SPOOL MIXED FLOW TURBOFANDiffuser Nozzles LP Fan LP Turbines IP Compressors HP Compressors Combustor HP Turbine IP Turbine
  • 20. TURBOPROPENGINE http://www.atraircraft.com/media/mediagallery/galeries_medias/ATR%2072-500%20MASwings%20taxiing.jpg
  • 21. SINGLE SPOOL TURBOPROP IntakePropeller Compressors Exhaust Gear Combustion Chamber Turbines Optional: Recuperator
  • 22. TWO SPOOL TURBOPROP Intake ExhaustPropellerGear LP Turbines HP Burner Compressors HP Turbine Optional: Recuperator
  • 23. TURBOPROP BOOSTER ON HIGH PRESSURE SPOOL Intake Exhaust Gear Propeller LP Turbines HP Combustor HP Turbine CompressorsOptional: Intercooler, Recuperator, Sequential Combustion
  • 24. TURBOPROP BOOSTER ON LOW PRESSURE SPOOL LP Compressors Exhaust Intake Gear Propeller LP Turbines HP Combustion Compressors Chamber HP TurbineOptional: Intercooler, Recuperator, Sequential Combustion
  • 25. THREE SPOOL TURBOPROP IP Intake Compressors Nozzle/Exhaust GearPropeller LP Turbines HP Burner Compressors HP Turbine IP Turbine
  • 26. http://stuckattheairport.com/2008/09/10/cheap-helicopter-rides-between-jfk-and-manhattan-on-deltaTURBOSHAFT ENGINE
  • 27. TURBOSHAFT ENGINE FOR POWERING HELICOPTER
  • 28. RAMJET http://www.wvi.com/~sr71webmaster/schematic.htmlhttp://www.urban75.net/forums/threads/309th-aerospace-maintenance-and-regeneration-group-aka-plane-graveyard.298730/
  • 29. RAMJET(A GAS TURBINE WITHOUT COMPRESSOR AND TURBINE) •Most powerful engine and the highest thrust produces than turbojet but it work most efficiently at speeds around Mach 3. Optional: Convergent or Con/Di Nozzle
  • 30. SCRAMJETOPERATES AT MACH 4 AND ABOVE
  • 31. NOTATIONLP = Low PressureIP = Intermediate PressureHP = High Pressure1 = Primary Nozzle2 = Secondary Nozzle = Low Pressure Shaft = Intermediate Pressure Shaft = High Pressure Shaft
  • 32. REFERENCES1. http://www.gasturb.de2. http://muhammadhuzaim.blogspot.com/2010/06/turbin e-engine-lessons-cont.html3. http://www.flightlearnings.com/2010/03/06/types-of- turbine-engines4. http://www.ifs.tohoku.ac.jp/enerdyn/en/en_researches_ supersonic.htm5. http://www.okieboat.com/How%20the%20ramjet%20w orks.html6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variable_Cycle_Engine7. http://spaceflight.esa.int/impress/text/pop-up/trent.html