Types of jet propulsion engine

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There are 5 types of jet propulsion engine such as turbojet, turbofan, turboprop, turbo-shaft, and ramjet.Some types of jet propulsive engine are not cover in this slide such as pulse engine and rocket.

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Types of jet propulsion engine

  1. 1. FACULTY OF MECHANICAL & MANUFACTURING ENGINEERINGAIRCRAFT PROPULSION BDU 20203 TYPES OF JET PROPULSION ENGINE By: AMAL IQMAL BIN ADNAN AD110189 2BDC Lecture: Dr. Mohammad Fahmi Bin Abdul Ghafir http://dryicons.com/free-graphics/preview/blue-background
  2. 2. TURBOJET ENGINE http://purpleopurple.com/tourism/modern-wonders/concorde.html
  3. 3. SINGLE SPOOL TURBOJET Compressors Combustion Chamber Turbine Nozzle/Exhaust Inlet •Basic turbojet engine invented by Sir Frank Whittle and Dr. Hans von Ohain •Turbojet engine is very powerful engine ever.Optional: Afterburner, Convergent or Con/Di Nozzle
  4. 4. SINGLE SPOOL TURBOJET WITH TWO COMPRESSORS Axial Turbines Compressors Nozzle/ExhaustInlet Centrifugal Compressors Burner
  5. 5. TWO SPOOL TURBOJET LP Compressors HP HP Turbine Compressors Nozzle/Exhaust Inlet Combustor LP TurbinesOptional: Afterburner, Convergent or Con/Di Nozzle
  6. 6. http://www.topaviationsites.net/news/the-boeing-787-dreamliner TURBOFAN ENGINE
  7. 7. SINGLE SPOOL MIXED FLOW TURBOFAN Compressors Combustion Chamber Turbines Nozzle/Exhaust Inlet •At nozzle exit, fluid flow at primary and secondary nozzle are mixed.Optional: Afterburner, Convergent or Con/Di Nozzle
  8. 8. TWO SPOOL TURBOFAN LOW BYPASS RATIO Divergent NozzleAir Intake LP Compressors LP Turbines Burner HP Compressors HP Turbine
  9. 9. THREE SPOOL TURBOFAN LOW BYPASS RATIO Divergent Nozzle Air Inlet LPCompressor LP Turbine IP Compressors HP IP Turbine Compressors Combustor HP Turbine
  10. 10. VARIABLE CYCLE ENGINE •A variable cycle engine (VCE) is an engine that is designed to operate efficiently under mixed flight conditions, such as subsonic, transonic and supersonic.Optional: Afterburner, Convergent or Con/Di Nozzle
  11. 11. TWO SPOOL TURBOFANDiffuser 2 Nozzles 1Fan LP Turbines Combustion HP Turbine HP Chamber Compressors
  12. 12. GEARED TURBOFAN LP TYPE A Compressors 2 NozzlesDiffuser 1 Gear Fan LP Turbines Burner HP Turbine HP Compressors
  13. 13. GEARED TURBOFAN LP TYPE B Compressors 2 NozzlesDiffuser 1 Gear Fan LP Turbines HP Turbine HP Compressors Centrifugal Compressors Combustor
  14. 14. THREE SPOOL TURBOFAN 2 NozzlesDiffuser 1 LP Fan LP Turbines IPCompressors Combustion HP Turbine IP Turbine HP Chamber Compressors
  15. 15. INTERCOOLED RECUPERATED TURBOFAN Diffuser Intercooled 2 Nozzles 1 LP Fan LP Turbines IP Compressors Burner HP Turbine IP Turbine HP CompressorsOptional: Intercooler, Recuperator
  16. 16. MIXED FLOW TURBOFAN Diffuser Mixed Nozzle Fan LP Turbines LPCompressors Combustor HP Turbine HP Compressors
  17. 17. GEARED MIXED FLOW TURBOFAN ADiffuser ExhaustGear Fan LP LP TurbinesCompressors HP Turbine HP Combustion Compressors Chamber
  18. 18. GEARED MIXED FLOW TURBOFAN B NozzlesDiffuser GearLP Fan LP Turbines LPCompressors HP Centrifugal Burner HP Turbine Compressors Compressors
  19. 19. THREE SPOOL MIXED FLOW TURBOFANDiffuser Nozzles LP Fan LP Turbines IP Compressors HP Compressors Combustor HP Turbine IP Turbine
  20. 20. TURBOPROPENGINE http://www.atraircraft.com/media/mediagallery/galeries_medias/ATR%2072-500%20MASwings%20taxiing.jpg
  21. 21. SINGLE SPOOL TURBOPROP IntakePropeller Compressors Exhaust Gear Combustion Chamber Turbines Optional: Recuperator
  22. 22. TWO SPOOL TURBOPROP Intake ExhaustPropellerGear LP Turbines HP Burner Compressors HP Turbine Optional: Recuperator
  23. 23. TURBOPROP BOOSTER ON HIGH PRESSURE SPOOL Intake Exhaust Gear Propeller LP Turbines HP Combustor HP Turbine CompressorsOptional: Intercooler, Recuperator, Sequential Combustion
  24. 24. TURBOPROP BOOSTER ON LOW PRESSURE SPOOL LP Compressors Exhaust Intake Gear Propeller LP Turbines HP Combustion Compressors Chamber HP TurbineOptional: Intercooler, Recuperator, Sequential Combustion
  25. 25. THREE SPOOL TURBOPROP IP Intake Compressors Nozzle/Exhaust GearPropeller LP Turbines HP Burner Compressors HP Turbine IP Turbine
  26. 26. http://stuckattheairport.com/2008/09/10/cheap-helicopter-rides-between-jfk-and-manhattan-on-deltaTURBOSHAFT ENGINE
  27. 27. TURBOSHAFT ENGINE FOR POWERING HELICOPTER
  28. 28. RAMJET http://www.wvi.com/~sr71webmaster/schematic.htmlhttp://www.urban75.net/forums/threads/309th-aerospace-maintenance-and-regeneration-group-aka-plane-graveyard.298730/
  29. 29. RAMJET(A GAS TURBINE WITHOUT COMPRESSOR AND TURBINE) •Most powerful engine and the highest thrust produces than turbojet but it work most efficiently at speeds around Mach 3. Optional: Convergent or Con/Di Nozzle
  30. 30. SCRAMJETOPERATES AT MACH 4 AND ABOVE
  31. 31. NOTATIONLP = Low PressureIP = Intermediate PressureHP = High Pressure1 = Primary Nozzle2 = Secondary Nozzle = Low Pressure Shaft = Intermediate Pressure Shaft = High Pressure Shaft
  32. 32. REFERENCES1. http://www.gasturb.de2. http://muhammadhuzaim.blogspot.com/2010/06/turbin e-engine-lessons-cont.html3. http://www.flightlearnings.com/2010/03/06/types-of- turbine-engines4. http://www.ifs.tohoku.ac.jp/enerdyn/en/en_researches_ supersonic.htm5. http://www.okieboat.com/How%20the%20ramjet%20w orks.html6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variable_Cycle_Engine7. http://spaceflight.esa.int/impress/text/pop-up/trent.html

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