Uttarakhand is considered as one of the most beautiful
Uttarakhand has a total area of 53,484 km² of which
93% is mountainous and 64% is covered by forest.
Most of the Uttarakhand part of the state is covered by
high Himalayan peaks and glaciers.
Two of India's largest rivers, the Ganges and
the Yamuna, originate in the glaciers of Uttarakhand.
It is well know as the "Land of the Gods“.
• The well known Chota Char Dham:•
• These two pilgrimage, Badrinath and Kedarnath lies in
From 14 to 17 June 2013, Indian state of Uttarakhand
and near by are received heavy rainfall.
The rainfall was above benchmark which is above
• A multi-day cloudburst ,centered on the state
Uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides.
Due to Continuous Rain the Chorabari Glacier melted
and this triggered the flooding of the Mandakini river.
• Which led to heavy floods near Gobindghat, Kedar
Dome, Rudraprayag district, & Uttarakhand.
The Uttarakhand Disaster have been officially
termed a natural calamity caused by cloudbursts
and unprecedented heavy monsoon rainfall.
However, the true causes of the epic tragedy is
growth of tourism, unchecked Rapid increase of
roads, hotels, shops and multistory housing in
ecologically fragile areas and unplanned
construction are the reason for landslide.
Also Rapid growth of hydroelectricity dams that disrupt
water balances and this also triggered the action of disaster.
More than 220 power and mining projects are running in
14 river valleys in Uttarakhand.
Several rivers are being diverted through tunnels for these
projects leading to major disasters in the state .
Deforestation is also one of the most important
factor for Uttarakhand disaster, which cause
The Army, Air Force, Navy, Indo-Tibetan Border
Police (ITBP), Border Security Force, National
Disaster Response Force (NDRF), Public Works
Department and local administrations worked
together for quick rescue operations.
Several thousand soldiers were deployed
for the rescue missions.
Helicopters were used to rescue people.
ITBP Jawans distribute medicines to stranded pilgrimsbhagu
during Uttarakhand rescue operation.
Local people distribute food to rescued pilgrims near IAF
base camp in Dharasu.
By 21 June 2013, the Army had deployed 10,000
soldiers and 11 helicopters.
The Navy had sent 45 naval divers, and the Air
force had deployed 43 aircraft including 36
From 17 June to 30 June 2013, the IAF airlifted
a total of 18,424 people - flying a total of 2,137
sorties and dropping landing a total of
3,36,930 kg of relief material and equipment.
Prime Minister of India undertook an aerial survey of the
affected areas and announced 1000 crore (US$160 million).
In this rescue operation one helicopter has get crashed
and 20 bodies has found on the site.
The woods has been brought to the site with helicopter for
the funeral of the people who died in Uttarakhand flood.
Uttar Pradesh Government 25 crore.
The governments of Haryana,
Maharashtra and Delhi 10 crore each.
The governments of Tamil Nadu,
Odisha, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and
Chhattisgarh 5 crore each.
The US Ambassador to India
extended a financial help of USD
$150,000 through the United States
Also US announced that the US will
provide further financial aid of USD
822 were Deaths occurred in flood (official
1800 were Missing persons.
2232 has Fully damaged houses .
154 bridges get Damaged .
1520 roads get Damaged .
Government as also announced 2 lakhs for
total damaged houses in flood.
Unprecedented destruction by the rainfall witnessed in
Uttarakhand state was attributed, by environmentalists, to
unscientific developmental activities undertaken in recent
decades contributing to high level of loss of property and
lives. Roads constructed in haphazard style, new resorts
and hotels built on fragile river banks and more than 70
hydroelectric projects in the watersheds of the state led
to a "disaster waiting to happen" as termed by certain
environmentalists. The environmental experts reported
that the tunnels built and blasts undertaken for the 70
hydro electric projects contributed to the ecological
imbalance in the state, with flows of river water restricted
and the streamside development activity contributing to a
higher number of landslides and more flooding.