Draw a heroic symbol out of your words. (a sword, an arrow, a crest, an emblem, or other symbols…)
Who was he and what did he do? Parents* Robin of Locksley (known as Robin Hood) was a heroic outlaw. He lived near Nottingham during the reign of King Richard the Lionheart. He was a skilled archer and a master of disguise. Both talents helped him outwit his arch enemy, the Sheriff of Nottingham. He was thought of as a protector of the poor. He stole from the rich and gave to the poor in a time of corrupted leaders.
Why was he outlawed? At the age of fifteen, he defended himself against fifteen foresters who refused to pay the 20 marks they promised him if he could outshoot them. He shot some of the King’s prized deer to feed his starving family.
Where did he live? He was born in Locksley (in Yorkshire, near Sheffield) and went to live in Sherwood Forest in Nottinghamshire after he was outlawed. Legend has it that he used The Major Oak in Sherwood for his headquarters.
What did he wear? He dressed in Lincoln green He wore a feathered cap He wore a vest of stag hide He always had favourite weapon, his bow and arrow with him. He is always portrayed with ginger hair.
What do you think would happen if you met Robin Hood? Robin Hood would invite all passersby to a feast with his Merry Men. He would ask them; “How much money are you carrying?”If they told the truth, they could keep their money. Robin would give or lend money to those who needed it and would take both money and clothes away from rich travelers who lied.
Do you know who the Merry Men are? The Merry Men were Robin’s faithful companions who lived with him in Sherwood forest and aided him in his quest to help the poor and weak.How many can you name?The most famous are: Little John Friar Tuck Will Scarlet Much the Miller’s Son Alan A Dale
John was not as little as his name suggests, he was 7 feet tall! He often looked like a wild man, dressed in skins with a thick beard. He was Robin’s second in command. He was an excellent swordsman and archer and always carried a quarterstaff.How did they meet? After both men refused to let the other pass on a narrow bridge, they fought until Robin was pushed in the water. Robin was so impressed that he invited Little John to join his Merry Men.
He was very overweight and was said to love food as much as God. He could be jolly, foolish, a lover of ale, a holy man, and sometimes wise. Don’t underestimate him because he could be a very dangerous opponent.How did they meet? Friar Tuck dumped Robin in the water after he had asked to be carried across. After a long fight with swords and bow, Robin asked Friar Tuck to join his Merry Men.
He always dressed in scarlet silk He was the son of Robin’s sister He was obsessed with fashion and always carried a rose He was musicalHow did they meet? They got into a broadsword fight which will won. After they fought Robin realised that Will was his nephew. On one quest Will, Robin and Little John saved a princess from three Turkish giants. The princess chose to marry Will.
He was strong enough to carry Little John He was so violent that he beheaded a monk’s page just to keep him quiet.How did they meet? Much killed a deer and for this offence he was going to have his hands chopped off and his eyes burnt out. Robin intervened and asked Much to join the Merry Men.
Alan shows up late in the legend He was not a fighter, he was a minstrel who entertained the men. He spread stories of Robin’s deedsHow did they meet? Alan asked Robin to stop the marriage between his true love and an old cruel rich knight. Robin snuck into the ceremony and with the help of his Merry Men, prevented the marriage. Will and his true love marry and join his Merry Men.
She is Robin’s true love She acts as a spy, passing information to rogues in Sherwood. She only is mentioned as being attached to Robin in the late 16th century. She was a high-ranking Saxon or Norman lady of the courtHow did they meet? Robin helped pay off her father’s debt when he came to Sherwood forest and in return he helped Robin when he was injured. Maid Marian helped nurse him back to health. When Robin got better, he asked for her hand in marriage. She spent half the year in Sherwood and half the year with her weak father. In other legends, she is the ward of king Richard and met robin Hood in the court.
All the places mentioned in the stories exist. (Nottingham, Sherwood forest…) King Richard the Lion Heart was the King of England from 1189 to 1199. He is named in many of the Robin Hood stories. Robin Hood is portrayed as a faithful supporter of the King while King Richard was away fighting in the crusades. Both historical records and Robin Hood stories document many kings visiting Sherwood Forest Robin Hood’s grave is in Sherwood forest, little John’s is in Hathersage, Will Scarlet’s is in Blidworth. Nottingham castle, mentioned in many of the legends and many historical events, was damaged severely in the British civil war. Its ruins can still be visited today. One story says that Robin hood became a fisherman in Scarborough. He was a lousy fisherman, but he stopped some French pirates and, for this brave act, the bay is still known as Robin Hood’s Bay.
What is one of his most famous legends? Robin entered an archery contest in which his opponent shot an arrow into the centre of the target, an impossible shot to beat. However, Robin took aim and was able to split his opponents arrow into two therefore winning a golden arrow which is sometimes seen in his hat.
(*) There have been over 50 adaptations of the Robin Hood legend from 1908 (*)It was actually Prince John who took over while King Richard the lionheart was away fighting (The sheriff of Nottingham was under him) Notes to Molly
Robin Hood is represented as a fox in the Disneyversion.Why do you think this is? Sly Sneaky Cunning Quiet Secretive Crafty Draw a picture of the animal you think Robin Hood or any of the other characters should be.
Who are your heroes and how are they different from Robin Hood? Could you write a dialogue between Robin Hood and your hero?
1. Where was Robin Hood born?2. What type of green did Robin Hood wear?3. Who was the tallest of the Merry Men?4. What question did he ask passersby after the feast?5. Who was the minstrel of the Merry Men?6. Who was the rightful king?7. What was the name of Robin Hood’s headquarters?8. What was the name of the forest he lived in?9. How much did the foresters bet young Robin?10. How did Robin Hood summon his Merry Men?
Loxley Lincoln green Little John How much money are you carrying? Alan A Dale Richard the Lionheart Major Oak Sherwood Forest 20 marks 3 blasts on his horn
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Evof-iVDOwQ (Errol Flynn as Robin Hood) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-01kzxLKLo (similar scene from men in tights) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KXTj5nd2oKQ ( Kevin Kosner speech) qualities of a hero? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7UkTB4EDV_o (Shrek Robin Hood scene in Finnish!) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RJAfXaziIwM (same in English) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RJAfXaziIwM (24 minutes of the episode of Will Scarlet) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gnyDzGEW2DA (Kevin kosner splitting the arrow) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_gx1yN6ZxpA (bbc series robin Hood meeting Little John)