Session 9 motivation and peak performance ( SMS )

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  • 1.  
  • 2. Learning Objectives of this topic
    • Learn what is motivation.
    • Know the cycle of motivation
    • Understand the importance of motivated people
    • Understanding the principles of peak performance
  • 3. Motivation
    • A motive is something that moves an organism to act .
    • Motivation is an internal state that activates, guides and sustains behavior .
    • Motivation refers to a presumed internal state that causes an organism to move toward some goal.
    • it is a complex mixture of biology ,learning cognition and culture.
  • 4. Motivation Process
    • An understanding of motivational process is necessary in order to comprehend why people behave as they do .
    • Motivation process comprises six steps:
    • Identification of needs.(needs are felt deprivation which an individual experiences at a given time, and act as energizers, the may be psychological, physiological and social)
    • Search for ways to satisfy needs.(*these deprivations force the individuals to search for ways to reduce them.
  • 5.
    • 3. Engagement in goal directed behavior.(a goal is a specific result that the individuals want to achieve.)
    • 4. Perform: an act is perform to overcome the tension.
    • 5.Recieves either reward or punishment. (they are the signals that needs and behaviors are appropriate or not)
    • 6.Reassessment of needs deficiencies.
  • 6. Intrinsic Motivation
    • Intrinsic motivation is evident when people engage in an activity for its own sake, without some obvious external incentive present. A hobby is a typical example.
  • 7. Intrinsic Model
    • students are more likely to experience intrinsic motivation if they:
      • Attribute their educational results to internal factors that they can control (eg. the amount of effort they put in, not 'fixed ability').
      • Believe they can be effective agents in reaching desired goals (eg. the results are not determined by dumb luck.)
      • Are motivated towards deep 'mastery' of a topic, instead of just rote-learning 'performance' to get good grades.
  • 8. Extrinsic Motivation
    • Traditionally, extrinsic motivation has been used to motivate employees:
      • Tangible rewards such as payments, promotions (or punishments).
      • Intangible rewards such as praise or public commendation.
  • 9. Motivational theories
    • Our behaviors are motivated by instinct.
    • An instinct is a complex pattern of behavior that occurs in response to specific stimulus ,without the need for any learning .
  • 10. Expectancy theory
    • It emphasizes the importance of rewards or goals as well as how a person’s expectations of consequences can influence his behavior.
    • According to this theory motivation is composed of two things.
    • Valence or attractiveness of a goal,
    • Expectancy or likelihood that its behavior will lead to the goal.
  • 11. Drive reduction theory
    • It proposes that organism experiences the arousal of a drive (an inner urge to satisfy some basic need) when an important need is not satisfied.
    • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
  • 12.
    • He argued that most theories of human motivation had focused on basic physiological needs.
    • Physiological needs
    • Security and safety needs
    • Need for love and belongingness
    • Need for esteem
    • Need for self actualization
  • 13. Goal setting theory
    • Intentions to work toward goal are a major source of work motivation.
    • Goals tell an employee ,what needs to be done and,
    • How much effort will need to be expended.
  • 14. McClelland's theory of needs
    • Achievement,power,and affiliation are three important needs that help explain motivation.
    • Need for achievement: The drive to achieve in relation to a set of standards, to strive to success.
    • Need for power: the desire to have impact, and to be influential.
    • Need for affiliation: the need for friendly and close relationships
  • 15. Demotivating factors
    • Unfair criticism
    • Negative Criticism
    • Public Humiliation
    • Rewarding the non performers
    • Failure or fear of failure
    • Organizational Politics
    • Unfair treatmnet
    • Responsibility without authority
    • Poor standards
  • 16.
    • Lack of measurable standards
    • Lack of priorities
    • Low self esteem
    • Success which leads to Complacence
    • Negative self talk
  • 17. Importance and benefits of Motivation
    • Motivated people are always looking for better ways to do task.
    • Motivated people are more quality oriented.
    • Highly motivated people are more productive.
    • Any technology needs motivated people/employees to adapt it successfully.
  • 18. How to Identify Motivation
      • Energy
      • Commitment
      • Staying Power
      • Skill
      • Single mindedness
      • Enjoyment
      • Responsibility
  • 19. Peak Performers
    • Lead a well-rounded life
    • Select a Career they Care about
    • Rehearse each challenging Task Mentally
    • Seek Result ,no perfection
    • Be willing to take risks
    • Don’t underestimate their Potential
    • Compete with their self not with others
    • Self Reliance
    • commonsense
  • 20.
    • Know their field
    • Ability to get things done