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Session 9 motivation and peak performance ( SMS )

Session 9 motivation and peak performance ( SMS )



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    Session 9 motivation and peak performance ( SMS ) Session 9 motivation and peak performance ( SMS ) Presentation Transcript

    • Learning Objectives of this topic
      • Learn what is motivation.
      • Know the cycle of motivation
      • Understand the importance of motivated people
      • Understanding the principles of peak performance
    • Motivation
      • A motive is something that moves an organism to act .
      • Motivation is an internal state that activates, guides and sustains behavior .
      • Motivation refers to a presumed internal state that causes an organism to move toward some goal.
      • it is a complex mixture of biology ,learning cognition and culture.
    • Motivation Process
      • An understanding of motivational process is necessary in order to comprehend why people behave as they do .
      • Motivation process comprises six steps:
      • Identification of needs.(needs are felt deprivation which an individual experiences at a given time, and act as energizers, the may be psychological, physiological and social)
      • Search for ways to satisfy needs.(*these deprivations force the individuals to search for ways to reduce them.
      • 3. Engagement in goal directed behavior.(a goal is a specific result that the individuals want to achieve.)
      • 4. Perform: an act is perform to overcome the tension.
      • 5.Recieves either reward or punishment. (they are the signals that needs and behaviors are appropriate or not)
      • 6.Reassessment of needs deficiencies.
    • Intrinsic Motivation
      • Intrinsic motivation is evident when people engage in an activity for its own sake, without some obvious external incentive present. A hobby is a typical example.
    • Intrinsic Model
      • students are more likely to experience intrinsic motivation if they:
        • Attribute their educational results to internal factors that they can control (eg. the amount of effort they put in, not 'fixed ability').
        • Believe they can be effective agents in reaching desired goals (eg. the results are not determined by dumb luck.)
        • Are motivated towards deep 'mastery' of a topic, instead of just rote-learning 'performance' to get good grades.
    • Extrinsic Motivation
      • Traditionally, extrinsic motivation has been used to motivate employees:
        • Tangible rewards such as payments, promotions (or punishments).
        • Intangible rewards such as praise or public commendation.
    • Motivational theories
      • Our behaviors are motivated by instinct.
      • An instinct is a complex pattern of behavior that occurs in response to specific stimulus ,without the need for any learning .
    • Expectancy theory
      • It emphasizes the importance of rewards or goals as well as how a person’s expectations of consequences can influence his behavior.
      • According to this theory motivation is composed of two things.
      • Valence or attractiveness of a goal,
      • Expectancy or likelihood that its behavior will lead to the goal.
    • Drive reduction theory
      • It proposes that organism experiences the arousal of a drive (an inner urge to satisfy some basic need) when an important need is not satisfied.
      • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
      • He argued that most theories of human motivation had focused on basic physiological needs.
      • Physiological needs
      • Security and safety needs
      • Need for love and belongingness
      • Need for esteem
      • Need for self actualization
    • Goal setting theory
      • Intentions to work toward goal are a major source of work motivation.
      • Goals tell an employee ,what needs to be done and,
      • How much effort will need to be expended.
    • McClelland's theory of needs
      • Achievement,power,and affiliation are three important needs that help explain motivation.
      • Need for achievement: The drive to achieve in relation to a set of standards, to strive to success.
      • Need for power: the desire to have impact, and to be influential.
      • Need for affiliation: the need for friendly and close relationships
    • Demotivating factors
      • Unfair criticism
      • Negative Criticism
      • Public Humiliation
      • Rewarding the non performers
      • Failure or fear of failure
      • Organizational Politics
      • Unfair treatmnet
      • Responsibility without authority
      • Poor standards
      • Lack of measurable standards
      • Lack of priorities
      • Low self esteem
      • Success which leads to Complacence
      • Negative self talk
    • Importance and benefits of Motivation
      • Motivated people are always looking for better ways to do task.
      • Motivated people are more quality oriented.
      • Highly motivated people are more productive.
      • Any technology needs motivated people/employees to adapt it successfully.
    • How to Identify Motivation
        • Energy
        • Commitment
        • Staying Power
        • Skill
        • Single mindedness
        • Enjoyment
        • Responsibility
    • Peak Performers
      • Lead a well-rounded life
      • Select a Career they Care about
      • Rehearse each challenging Task Mentally
      • Seek Result ,no perfection
      • Be willing to take risks
      • Don’t underestimate their Potential
      • Compete with their self not with others
      • Self Reliance
      • commonsense
      • Know their field
      • Ability to get things done