Learning Objectives of this topic <ul><li>Be able to understand some major obstacles of everyday life. </li></ul><ul><li>k...
Communication Apprehension <ul><li>Trait Apprehension: It Refers to fear of communication generally, regardless of specifi...
Apprehensive Behaviors <ul><li>Apprehensions leads to a decrease in the frequency, strength, and likelihood of engaging in...
Causes of CA Heredity Childhood experience Roles of Parents School
What Increases Communication Apprehension <ul><li>Degree of Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Subordinate State </li></ul><ul><...
Theories of CA and Its Management <ul><li>Cognitive Restructuring: this theory holds your unrealistic beliefs which genera...
Empowering Apprehensives <ul><li>Here are some suggestions based largely on the insights of shyness and apprehension resea...
<ul><li>Decide on your specific objectives first. </li></ul><ul><li>Put yourself in your audience’s </li></ul><ul><li>plac...
<ul><li>Speak to one person at a time . </li></ul><ul><li>Try not to think about your hands and facial expression . </li><...
<ul><li>Speak the way you talk. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for advice and criticism. </li></ul><ul><li>View speeches as communi...
  why does criticism  hit  hard? <ul><li>Coping with Criticism </li></ul><ul><li>The first step to dealing with criticism ...
<ul><li>If you view criticism as a misunderstanding or an unsolved problem instead of a personal attack, </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Responding to criticism positively involve following strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement,  accepting your mist...
<ul><li>Empathy, listening out for critic’s feeling. </li></ul><ul><li>Inquiry, asking a question in order to discover mor...
Overcoming Shyness <ul><li>Determine why you’re shy in the first place. </li></ul><ul><li>Act as if you’re not shy. </li><...
<ul><li>Look your best. </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease your fear of rejection by imagining the worst possible outcome. </li></...
Procrastination <ul><li>putting off doing something until a later time </li></ul><ul><li>Is it in your interest to overcom...
How to Deal with PROCRASTINATION <ul><li>Stop regarding Procrastination as a harmless Subject </li></ul><ul><li>Pick one s...
<ul><li>Reward yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid Clutters </li></ul><ul><li>Take breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Manage your time ...
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Session 3 overcoming some obstacles ( SMS )

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Session 3 overcoming some obstacles ( SMS )

  1. 2. Learning Objectives of this topic <ul><li>Be able to understand some major obstacles of everyday life. </li></ul><ul><li>know the techniques of overcoming these obstacles. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn the latest researches on these common issues. </li></ul>
  2. 3. Communication Apprehension <ul><li>Trait Apprehension: It Refers to fear of communication generally, regardless of specific situation. </li></ul><ul><li>State Apprehension: In contrast, is specific to given communication situation. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Apprehensive Behaviors <ul><li>Apprehensions leads to a decrease in the frequency, strength, and likelihood of engaging in communication transactions. </li></ul><ul><li>High apprehensive avoid communication situations; when forced to participate, they do so little as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Apprehensive disclose little and avoid occupations with heavy communications demands. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Causes of CA Heredity Childhood experience Roles of Parents School
  5. 6. What Increases Communication Apprehension <ul><li>Degree of Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Subordinate State </li></ul><ul><li>Degree of Conspicuousness </li></ul><ul><li>Degree of Unpredictability </li></ul><ul><li>Degree of Dissimilarity </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Communication Skills and Experience </li></ul>
  6. 7. Theories of CA and Its Management <ul><li>Cognitive Restructuring: this theory holds your unrealistic beliefs which generate a fear of failure. </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic Desensitization: it is a technique for dealing with a variety of fears including communication apprehension. </li></ul><ul><li>Skill Acquisition: it is because you see yourself having inadequate skills. So you logically fear failing. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Empowering Apprehensives <ul><li>Here are some suggestions based largely on the insights of shyness and apprehension researchers. </li></ul><ul><li>Nudge to try out new communication situations </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate your understanding and empathy for the other person’s shyness </li></ul><ul><li>Practice active listening. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Decide on your specific objectives first. </li></ul><ul><li>Put yourself in your audience’s </li></ul><ul><li>place. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t memorize, don't read. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Speak to one person at a time . </li></ul><ul><li>Try not to think about your hands and facial expression . </li></ul><ul><li>Take it slow and easy. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Speak the way you talk. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for advice and criticism. </li></ul><ul><li>View speeches as communication rather than performance. </li></ul>
  11. 12. why does criticism hit hard? <ul><li>Coping with Criticism </li></ul><ul><li>The first step to dealing with criticism is to </li></ul><ul><li>distinguish between, </li></ul><ul><li>valid and </li></ul><ul><li>invalid criticism. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>If you view criticism as a misunderstanding or an unsolved problem instead of a personal attack, </li></ul><ul><li>you will have the composure necessary to deal with the situation positively. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Responding to criticism positively involve following strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement, accepting your mistakes and faults without guilt. </li></ul><ul><li>Disagreement , stating you disagreement when the criticism is clearly invalid. </li></ul><ul><li>Disarming, listening closely, if there is any truth, </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Empathy, listening out for critic’s feeling. </li></ul><ul><li>Inquiry, asking a question in order to discover more about what the critic think. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Overcoming Shyness <ul><li>Determine why you’re shy in the first place. </li></ul><ul><li>Act as if you’re not shy. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice making eye contact and smiling when you have interactions with others. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Look your best. </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease your fear of rejection by imagining the worst possible outcome. </li></ul><ul><li>Look and learn. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a positive feeling about yourself. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Procrastination <ul><li>putting off doing something until a later time </li></ul><ul><li>Is it in your interest to overcome procrastination? </li></ul><ul><li>Procrastination is a fear of Success </li></ul>
  18. 19. How to Deal with PROCRASTINATION <ul><li>Stop regarding Procrastination as a harmless Subject </li></ul><ul><li>Pick one specific area where Procrastination Plagues you </li></ul><ul><li>Try ‘’Swiss cheese’’ approach </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t dodge the most difficult one </li></ul><ul><li>Give deadlines </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise that the finished project does not have to be perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to transfer the Energy to other Projects </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>Reward yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid Clutters </li></ul><ul><li>Take breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Manage your time </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be afraid to say ‘’no’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Delegate </li></ul>
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