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# If clauses

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PPT - if-clauses (types I and II)

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### If clauses

1. 1. IF-CLAUSES Type I and II
2. 2. IF-CLAUSES <ul><li>Also called conditional sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Have two parts: the if-clause and the main clause </li></ul><ul><li>If it rains, I will stay at home. </li></ul><ul><li>If-cause main clause </li></ul><ul><li>Note: it doesn’t matter which comes first! </li></ul><ul><li>- I will stay at home if it rains. </li></ul><ul><li>(don’t use a comma) </li></ul>
3. 3. IF-CLAUSES <ul><li>Type I (first conditional): </li></ul><ul><li>- Is used to refer to real or possible situations (which depend on a condition). </li></ul><ul><li>Structure: </li></ul><ul><li>- If + simple present + future (will+infinitive without to) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: If I park my car in the sun, it will get hot. </li></ul>
4. 4. IF-CLAUSES <ul><li>Type II (second conditional): </li></ul><ul><li>- Is used to refer to an unreal, impossible or improbable situation </li></ul><ul><li>Structure: </li></ul><ul><li>- If + simple past + conditional (would + infinitive without to) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: If I had a map, I wouldn’t get lost. </li></ul>
5. 5. IF-CLAUSES <ul><li>Now, complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets: </li></ul><ul><li>If someone tried to blackmail me, I ______ (tell) the police. </li></ul><ul><li>He will get there in time if he _____ (run) </li></ul><ul><li>The cat _____ (scratch) you if you pull its tail. </li></ul><ul><li>If I ______ (live) near my office, I would be on time for work. </li></ul><ul><li>I would plant some trees around the house if I _____ (be) you. </li></ul><ul><li>You _____ (get) good marks if you study! </li></ul><ul><li>If you left your bike outside, someone ______ (steal) it. </li></ul>
6. 6. IF-CLAUSES <ul><li>Now, check your answers: </li></ul><ul><li>If someone tried to blackmail me, I would tell (tell) the police. </li></ul><ul><li>He will get there in time if he runs (run) </li></ul><ul><li>The cat will scratch (scratch) you if you pull its tail. </li></ul><ul><li>If I lived (live) near my office, I would be on time for work. </li></ul><ul><li>I would plant some trees around the house if I were (be) you. </li></ul><ul><li>You will get (get) good marks if you study ! </li></ul><ul><li>If you left your bike outside, someone would steal (steal) it. </li></ul>