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  1. 1. Urban and rural settlements Presentation by Liannette Bellido Cintrón 3˚ ESO Bilingual IES Francisco Rodríguez Marín
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><ul><li>Inhabit = habitar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inhabitants = habitantes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settlements = asentamientos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Landscape = paisaje </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farm plots = parcelas agrícolas </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Rural and urban settlements <ul><li>When people inhabit a specific area, this area is called a “settlement.” (asentamiento) </li></ul><ul><li>Diferrences between rural and urban settlements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The number and concentration of inhabitants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The economic activity of the inhabitants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The territorial extension and its landscape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The shape and size of streets and buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The public services offered to inhabitants </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Most Spaniards live in urban settlements </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types of rural settlements <ul><li>There are three types of rural settlements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disperse: When houses are divided by farm plots. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concentrate: Houses are grouped in towns and have access to all services. E.g. Schools, stores, hospitals, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intercalary: A mix between disperse and concetrate settlements. </li></ul></ul>Could you identify which type of rural settlement is shown?
  6. 6. Types of towns according to its shape <ul><li>There are three types of towns; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Street town: All the houses are situated along both sides of a road. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concentrate: All the houses are situated along one building. E.g: City Hall, Church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radial: Houses are situated along roads that begin in the center of the town. </li></ul></ul>Could you identify which type of town is shown?
  7. 7. Types of towns according to its economic activity <ul><li>There are three types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural or fishing town: The mayority of the population works in the agriculture of fishing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Agrociudad”: When the mayority of the population works in agriculture but the town is similar to a city: Stop lights, buildings, services. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residencial town: Its a continuation of the urban environment in rural space. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Rural Houses <ul><li>Rural houses are different according to the climate in which they are situated, the materials used to construct it, and the type of agriculture. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Cortijo”, “Caserío”, “Alquería”, “Palloza”, “Masia”, etc, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Urban settlements <ul><li>Is the result of the concentration of the population in cities. </li></ul><ul><li>50% of the Earth's population lives in cities. </li></ul><ul><li>This varies according to the continents. In Europe and America the number is over 75%, meanwhile in Africa and Asia is lower than 45%. </li></ul><ul><li>This settlements have a population of more than 10.000 inhabitants. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Urban settlements <ul><li>The characteristics of urban settlements are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The predominant economic activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>According to their function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>According to their landscape </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Economic activity and city functions <ul><li>Cities are classified according to their functions or main economic activity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Residential function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious function </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Urban structure <ul><ul><li>Historic center : Is the zone of the city that developed the city’s origin until the XIX century. It occupies a small, but important part of the city, because of its cultural, historic and artistic value. </li></ul></ul>A city is classified according to the structure or zones in which it is divided. These are:
  13. 13. Urban structure <ul><ul><li>Urban expansion area : Is the part of the city that developed after the XIX century. It mostly consists of houses for the workers of the new industries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Periphery : Because of the enourmous growth of Spanish cities in the 1960’s, citizens started to settle outside of the city. It refers to the area surrounding the main transport routes. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Could you identify the parts of the city? Surrounding the center you will find the urban expansion area . The periphery is the part outside of the city, surrounding main transport routes. You will find houses, indrustries and commerce. The historic center is the oldest part of the city. Here you will find the main monuments, services and cultural activities. Cities grown around its historic center.