Urban and rural settlements Presentation by Liannette Bellido Cintrón 3˚ ESO Bilingual IES Francisco Rodríguez Marín
Inhabit = habitar
Inhabitants = habitantes
Settlements = asentamientos
Landscape = paisaje
Farm plots = parcelas agrícolas
Rural and urban settlements
When people inhabit a specific area, this area is called a “settlement.” (asentamiento)
Diferrences between rural and urban settlements:
The number and concentration of inhabitants
The economic activity of the inhabitants
The territorial extension and its landscape
The shape and size of streets and buildings
The public services offered to inhabitants
Most Spaniards live in urban settlements
Types of rural settlements
There are three types of rural settlements:
Disperse: When houses are divided by farm plots.
Concentrate: Houses are grouped in towns and have access to all services. E.g. Schools, stores, hospitals, etc.
Intercalary: A mix between disperse and concetrate settlements.
Could you identify which type of rural settlement is shown?
Types of towns according to its shape
There are three types of towns;
Street town: All the houses are situated along both sides of a road.
Concentrate: All the houses are situated along one building. E.g: City Hall, Church
Radial: Houses are situated along roads that begin in the center of the town.
Could you identify which type of town is shown?
Types of towns according to its economic activity
There are three types:
Agricultural or fishing town: The mayority of the population works in the agriculture of fishing.
“ Agrociudad”: When the mayority of the population works in agriculture but the town is similar to a city: Stop lights, buildings, services.
Residencial town: Its a continuation of the urban environment in rural space.
Rural houses are different according to the climate in which they are situated, the materials used to construct it, and the type of agriculture.
“ Cortijo”, “Caserío”, “Alquería”, “Palloza”, “Masia”, etc, etc.
Is the result of the concentration of the population in cities.
50% of the Earth's population lives in cities.
This varies according to the continents. In Europe and America the number is over 75%, meanwhile in Africa and Asia is lower than 45%.
This settlements have a population of more than 10.000 inhabitants.
The characteristics of urban settlements are:
The predominant economic activity
According to their function
According to their landscape
Economic activity and city functions
Cities are classified according to their functions or main economic activity:
Historic center : Is the zone of the city that developed the city’s origin until the XIX century. It occupies a small, but important part of the city, because of its cultural, historic and artistic value.
A city is classified according to the structure or zones in which it is divided. These are:
Urban expansion area : Is the part of the city that developed after the XIX century. It mostly consists of houses for the workers of the new industries.
Periphery : Because of the enourmous growth of Spanish cities in the 1960’s, citizens started to settle outside of the city. It refers to the area surrounding the main transport routes.
Could you identify the parts of the city? Surrounding the center you will find the urban expansion area . The periphery is the part outside of the city, surrounding main transport routes. You will find houses, indrustries and commerce. The historic center is the oldest part of the city. Here you will find the main monuments, services and cultural activities. Cities grown around its historic center.