UNIT. 1THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE     Francesco Scudellari - Comenius   1            Assistant 2010/11
Second and third century:       Crisis of the Roman EmpireBecause:1) It was difficult to defend the borders of  the empire...
To facilitate the defense of the empire, theemperor Theodosious in the year 395 divided                       5 two:the Ro...
But the Western Empire was soon invaded by theGermanic (barbarians coming from the North)   Some names of barbarian popula...
The Fall of the Western Roman EmpireSoon, the barbarians occupied most of the Western Empire.The Western Empire became div...
The Fall of the Western Roman Empire       It became impossible for the Romans to          control the situation.       Th...
The Eastern Roman (or Byzantine)                     Empire        While the Western Empire fell, the Eastern          Rom...
The Byzantine EmpireThe period of greater splendour for the Byzantine  Empire was under the reign of the Emperor  Justinia...
•       During Justinian’s reign (527-565)                                          The Empire achieved its               ...
•      The city of Ravenna    The Italian city of Ravenna is situated    in the North of Italy.    Ravenna was a very impo...
•         The city of Ravenna       Many of these palaces and churches still exist.      I know them rather well because R...
•         The mosaics of Ravenna    I like them very much. Some of them are spectacular and very colorful:                ...
This is the beautiful St. Vitale’s Church in Ravenna:Outside:                   And inside:                         France...
I hope you will visit my city someday!               Francesco Scudellari - Comenius   THE END   14                      A...
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Francesco byzantine empire.ppt

  1. 1. UNIT. 1THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE Francesco Scudellari - Comenius 1 Assistant 2010/11
  2. 2. Second and third century: Crisis of the Roman EmpireBecause:1) It was difficult to defend the borders of the empire from the barbarians2) It was difficult to trade due to lack of security3) Ruralisation: People left the cities and went to the country, in search of security and provisions. Francesco Scudellari - Comenius 2 Assistant 2010/11
  3. 3. To facilitate the defense of the empire, theemperor Theodosious in the year 395 divided 5 two:the Roman Empire intoWESTERN EASTERNROMAN EMPIRE ROMAN EMPIRE Capital: Capital: Rome Costantinople Francesco Scudellari - Comenius 3 Assistant 2010/11
  4. 4. But the Western Empire was soon invaded by theGermanic (barbarians coming from the North) Some names of barbarian populations: Sueves, Vandals, Visigoths, Huns……. Francesco Scudellari - Comenius 4 Assistant 2010/11
  5. 5. The Fall of the Western Roman EmpireSoon, the barbarians occupied most of the Western Empire.The Western Empire became divided into several kingdoms: the Ostrogoth Kingdom, the Visigoth Kingdom, the Vandal Kingdom… 5 Francesco Scudellari - Comenius Assistant 2010/11
  6. 6. The Fall of the Western Roman Empire It became impossible for the Romans to control the situation. The last Roman Emperor, Romulus Augustus, abdicated under pressure of the barbarian king Odoacer. The Western Roman Empire finally fell in the year….The answer is….The Western Roman Empire fell in the year 476 Francesco Scudellari - Comenius 6 Assistant 2010/11
  7. 7. The Eastern Roman (or Byzantine) Empire While the Western Empire fell, the Eastern Roman Empire withstood (=resistir) the barbarian invasion. The Eastern Roman Empire changed its name into Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire lasted until the …. century The answer is….The Byzantine Empire lasted until the fifteenth century(precisely, until the year 1453) Francesco Scudellari - Comenius 7 Assistant 2010/11
  8. 8. The Byzantine EmpireThe period of greater splendour for the Byzantine Empire was under the reign of the Emperor Justinian • 476. End of the Westen Roman • 1453 Empire • 527 • 1054 Fall of Justinian Schism Constantinople 500 700 900 1100 1300 1500 Splendour Decline Francesco Scudellari - Comenius 8 Assistant 2010/11
  9. 9. • During Justinian’s reign (527-565) The Empire achieved its greatest extension The Empire dominated trade in the Mediterranean Sea The Justinian Code modernised the Roman law Costantinople was embellished with the construction of St. Sophia’s Church Francesco Scudellari - Comenius 9 Assistant 2010/11
  10. 10. • The city of Ravenna The Italian city of Ravenna is situated in the North of Italy. Ravenna was a very important city during the reign of Justinian Ravenna had a very strategic position: it was surrounded by swamps (=marismas) and by the sea During the reign of Justinian, Ravenna lived a period of great splendour. Many palaces and churches were built in Ravenna. They were often decorated with mosaics Francesco Scudellari - Comenius 10 Assistant 2010/11
  11. 11. • The city of Ravenna Many of these palaces and churches still exist. I know them rather well because Ravenna is my hometown ! They are all very sober outside… But greatly decorated with mosaics inside! Francesco Scudellari - Comenius 11 Assistant 2010/11
  12. 12. • The mosaics of Ravenna I like them very much. Some of them are spectacular and very colorful: Francesco Scudellari - Comenius 12 Assistant 2010/11
  13. 13. This is the beautiful St. Vitale’s Church in Ravenna:Outside: And inside: Francesco Scudellari - Comenius 13 Assistant 2010/11
  14. 14. I hope you will visit my city someday! Francesco Scudellari - Comenius THE END 14 Assistant 2010/11

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