A Tale of  Two Cities By: Charles Dickens Alyxandra Hopkins Mrs. Susan Wehrsig AP English Literature
Introduction
Introduction <ul><li>Written by Dickens in 1849 </li></ul><ul><li>Written in three parts </li></ul><ul><li>Released one pa...
Main Characters
Charles Darnay <ul><li>Protagonist </li></ul><ul><li>Honorable </li></ul><ul><li>Born of French nobility, but rejects his ...
Lucie Darnay <ul><li>Loving and compassionate </li></ul><ul><li>Daughter of Dr. Alexander Manette </li></ul><ul><li>Marrie...
Dr. Alexander Manette <ul><li>Started as a thriving doctor with a beautiful family </li></ul><ul><li>Imprisoned in the Bas...
Sydney Carton <ul><li>Most dynamic and redeeming character </li></ul><ul><li>An intelligent lawyer, but wastes his talent ...
Minor Characters
Madame Defarge <ul><li>Antagonist </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks liberation of  </li></ul><ul><li>French peasantry </li></ul><ul>...
Miss Pross <ul><li>Lucie’s nurse and guardian </li></ul><ul><li>Faithful and virtuous </li></ul><ul><li>Has a “heart of go...
Settings
<ul><li>Tellson’s Bank  </li></ul><ul><li>in London </li></ul><ul><li>Bastille Prison  </li></ul><ul><li>in Paris </li></u...
Symbols
The Broken Wine Cask <ul><li>Peasants rush forward to lick up wine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desperate and hungry </li></ul></...
Madame Defarge’s Knitting <ul><li>List of the people she condemns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knits peacefully while plotting th...
Dickens’ Style
Style <ul><li>Vividly detailed sentences bring sentences to life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mimics scenes to make realistic </l...
Dominant Themes, Issues, and Philosophy
Tendency of Violence and Oppression in Revolutionaries <ul><li>Madame Defarge is the embodiment of this violent tendency <...
The Possibility of Resurrection <ul><li>Re-emergence of Dr. Manette into society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lucie guides him ba...
Literary Devices and Rhetorical Strategies
Literary Devices and Rhetorical Strategies <ul><li>Paradox: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ It was the best of times, it was the w...
Other Authors’ Opinions and Interpretations
Edgar Johnson <ul><li>Novel is uncharacteristic and lacks humor </li></ul><ul><li>Not as much “rich profusion of character...
John Gross <ul><li>“ A thin and uncharacteristic work” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Notoriously deficient in humor” </li></ul><ul><...
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Tale Of Two Cities

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Tale Of Two Cities

  1. 1. A Tale of Two Cities By: Charles Dickens Alyxandra Hopkins Mrs. Susan Wehrsig AP English Literature
  2. 2. Introduction
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Written by Dickens in 1849 </li></ul><ul><li>Written in three parts </li></ul><ul><li>Released one part at a time throughout 1849 </li></ul><ul><li>Set against the backdrop of the French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Begins in 1775 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Main Characters
  5. 5. Charles Darnay <ul><li>Protagonist </li></ul><ul><li>Honorable </li></ul><ul><li>Born of French nobility, but rejects his aristocratic Evremonde familial ties </li></ul><ul><li>Works as a French tutor in England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrested by French for emigrating </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wins the love of Lucie Manette </li></ul>
  6. 6. Lucie Darnay <ul><li>Loving and compassionate </li></ul><ul><li>Daughter of Dr. Alexander Manette </li></ul><ul><li>Marries Charles Darnay </li></ul><ul><li>Selfless </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Love of her father </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Love for Charles Darnay </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The “Golden Thread” for her father </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dr. Alexander Manette <ul><li>Started as a thriving doctor with a beautiful family </li></ul><ul><li>Imprisoned in the Bastille prison for eighteen years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes deranged and withdrawn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cobbles shoes to pass time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nursed back to life and vitality by his daughter </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sydney Carton <ul><li>Most dynamic and redeeming character </li></ul><ul><li>An intelligent lawyer, but wastes his talent through drinking and indolence </li></ul><ul><li>Apathetic and feels like a waste of life </li></ul><ul><li>Falls in love with Lucie </li></ul><ul><li>Takes Charles’ place at the guillotine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Redeems his reputation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sacrifice saves Darnay and his family </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Minor Characters
  10. 10. Madame Defarge <ul><li>Antagonist </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks liberation of </li></ul><ul><li>French peasantry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bloodthirsty and malicious in this quest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Destructive towards anyone associated with the aristocracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manages third arrest of Darnay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tries to kill the Darnay family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dies in the attempt </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Miss Pross <ul><li>Lucie’s nurse and guardian </li></ul><ul><li>Faithful and virtuous </li></ul><ul><li>Has a “heart of gold” </li></ul><ul><li>Goes beyond the call of duty to protect and care for Lucie and her family </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kills Madame Defarge in order to protect them </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Settings
  13. 13. <ul><li>Tellson’s Bank </li></ul><ul><li>in London </li></ul><ul><li>Bastille Prison </li></ul><ul><li>in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Defarge’s wine shop </li></ul><ul><li>in Paris </li></ul>Settings
  14. 14. Symbols
  15. 15. The Broken Wine Cask <ul><li>Peasants rush forward to lick up wine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desperate and hungry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Literally starving due to poverty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yearning for liberation from oppressive aristocracy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Wine is associated with blood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violent means peasantry will take to achieve liberation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blood of aristocrats that will be spilled </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Madame Defarge’s Knitting <ul><li>List of the people she condemns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knits peacefully while plotting the death of others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mythological Fates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used knitting to determine length of each person’s life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She weaves the fate of the lives of the those whose names she knits </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Dickens’ Style
  18. 18. Style <ul><li>Vividly detailed sentences bring sentences to life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mimics scenes to make realistic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speeches are boring and pedantic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Storming of Bastille is choppy and chaotic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Replicates violence rolling through streets </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Repetition reinforces ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reader can grasp their significance and importance to the story </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Dominant Themes, Issues, and Philosophy
  20. 20. Tendency of Violence and Oppression in Revolutionaries <ul><li>Madame Defarge is the embodiment of this violent tendency </li></ul><ul><li>Dickens’ condemns this tendency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violence makes the peasants no better than their aristocratic oppressors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not justify their violent acts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The death of Madame Defarge exemplifies this disapproval </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. The Possibility of Resurrection <ul><li>Re-emergence of Dr. Manette into society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lucie guides him back to sanity in order to maintain regular societal interactions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Carton’s giving his life to save Darnay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sacrifice renews his reputation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Carton envisions a renewed Paris </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After the Revolution, there will be peace and prosperity </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Literary Devices and Rhetorical Strategies
  23. 23. Literary Devices and Rhetorical Strategies <ul><li>Paradox: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ It was the best of times, it was the worst of times” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Parallelism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ It was the best of times… it was the age of wisdom… it was the epoch of belief” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Foreshadowing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The description of the trees foreshadows the use of their wood for the guillotine </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Other Authors’ Opinions and Interpretations
  25. 25. Edgar Johnson <ul><li>Novel is uncharacteristic and lacks humor </li></ul><ul><li>Not as much “rich profusion of character creation” as in Dickens’ longer novels </li></ul><ul><li>Intricately linked plot relationships seem more artificial </li></ul>
  26. 26. John Gross <ul><li>“ A thin and uncharacteristic work” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Notoriously deficient in humor” </li></ul><ul><li>Dickens remained a moralist and preacher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His saving grace for the novel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unconventional style is unappealing, yet the moralistic ideas saved the reputation of the book </li></ul>
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