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  1. 1. El salvador
  2. 2. <ul><li>Central America </li></ul><ul><li>Borders the North Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Between Guatemala and Honduras </li></ul><ul><li>13° 41&quot; North, 89° 12&quot; West </li></ul>Location
  3. 3. <ul><li>Begins last days of January or first day of February </li></ul><ul><li>Ends sometime between October or November </li></ul><ul><li>Usual day – 7 AM to 12:30 PM (some exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary, middle school, and high school all in same building </li></ul><ul><li>$50 per year to attend – not including uniform, supplies, and transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Some expensive private schools, mainly located in San Salvador teach English, German, or French starting in kindergarten </li></ul>Schooling
  4. 4. <ul><li>The private schools have same schedule as US schools </li></ul><ul><li>All Salvadorians seniors - P.A.E.S (Prueba de Aptitudes para Egresados de Educacion Media) </li></ul><ul><li>- test covers everything a student has studied </li></ul><ul><li>- four hour test </li></ul><ul><li>-can be compared to SAT </li></ul>Schooling
  5. 5. <ul><li>One of the most seismologically active regions on earth </li></ul><ul><li>situated atop three of the large tectonic plates that constitute the Earth's surface </li></ul><ul><li>The northern range – the Sierra Madre form continuous chain along the border with Honduras </li></ul><ul><li>The southern range - discontinuous chain of more than twenty volcanoes, clustered into five groups </li></ul><ul><li>has over 300 rivers, the most important of which is the Rio Lempa </li></ul>Geography
  6. 6. <ul><li>Tropical </li></ul><ul><li>rainy season - May to October </li></ul><ul><li>dry season - November to April </li></ul><ul><li>72 – 75 degrees throughout entire year </li></ul><ul><li>-(usually exceeds this average) </li></ul>Climate
  7. 7. <ul><li>Traditional cuisine: Mayan, Lenca, Pipil people </li></ul><ul><li>Many dishes include maize (corn) </li></ul><ul><li>Most notable dishes: pupusa, chicharron, refried beans, and loroco </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetarian options: ayote or garlic </li></ul><ul><li>Usual breakfast: mashed beans, sour cream, eggs, Salvadorian tortillas, cheese, fried plantains, rice and coffee </li></ul><ul><li>Soups are popular: Sopa de Pata, Gallo en Chicha </li></ul>Food
  8. 9. <ul><li>Before Spanish Conquest: Mayans, Pipils, and Lencas existed in area </li></ul><ul><li>District brought under control of Captaincy General of Guatemala -named El Salvador (“The Savior”) </li></ul><ul><li>Briefly a part of the Mexican Empire of Augustín de Iturbide, and after the empire collapsed El Salvador joined the Central American Federation </li></ul><ul><li>The primary cultivation of coffee began in the second half of the 19th century </li></ul><ul><li>1969; El Salvador invaded Honduras after Honduran landowners deported thousands of Salvadorians (“football war” – broke out during a soccer game) </li></ul>History
  9. 10. <ul><li>El Salvador also experienced a 12-year Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>National Conciliation Party vs. Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front </li></ul><ul><li>Alfredo Cristiani of the right-wing Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) was elected </li></ul><ul><li>On Jan. 16, 1992, the government signed a peace treaty with the guerrilla forces, formally ending the war </li></ul><ul><li>12-year civil war had killed 75,000 </li></ul>History
  10. 11. <ul><li>1 Salvadoran colon = 0.114286 U.S. dollars </li></ul><ul><li>January 2001 - El Salvador gave up control of its monetary policy </li></ul><ul><li>Critics argue that the export sector could be hurt by the move </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It abandoned the fixed exchange rate and “dollarized” the economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US currency can be used in El Salvador as legal currency </li></ul></ul>Money
  11. 13. <ul><li>Democratic republic </li></ul><ul><li>84-member unicameral Legislative Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>President elected by universal suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>- serves five year term </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Judiciary and Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Current President: Francisco Flores Perez </li></ul>Government
  12. 14. <ul><li>Most families live in poverty due to political unrest and wartime violence </li></ul><ul><li>Most families cannot afford healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Extended families tend to live together under one roof </li></ul><ul><li>Oldest man in household controls all decisions and finances </li></ul><ul><li>Young men expected to leave home early to join army or guerilla group </li></ul>Family
  13. 15. <ul><li>Common law marriages(w/o license or church ceremony) produce 70 percent of the children who are considered illegitimate </li></ul><ul><li>Many children are abandoned causing crowding orphanages </li></ul><ul><li>Recently, more young woman are attending schools and looking for jobs outside their homes </li></ul>Family
  14. 16. <ul><li>Hydropower </li></ul><ul><li>Geothermal Power </li></ul><ul><li>Petroleum </li></ul><ul><li>Arable Land </li></ul>Natural Resources
  15. 17. <ul><li>Los Chorros – large, natural pools continue from one to another, with natural water from volcanic cliffs </li></ul><ul><li>Balboa Park - 70 acres of flora, myriad birds, sloth and rabbits; A skating rink, soccer field, miles of meandering trails, pre-Colombian style sculptures; cafes and picnics </li></ul><ul><li>The Devil’s Doorway - Two huge rocks on the edge of a deep precipice shows the view of the valley lying below </li></ul>Tourist Attractions
  16. 19. glogster Culture of El Salvador . Julia Dickson Gomez, 1988. Web. 11 Apr. 2010. < http://www.everyculture.com/Cr-Ga/El-Salvador.html >. El Salvador. HighBeam Research, 2005. Web. 11 Apr. 2010. < http://www. infoplease .com/ ipa /A0107489.html >. Introducing El Salvador . Lonely Planet, 2010. Web. 11 Apr. 2010. < http://www. lonelyplanet .com/el- salvador >.   Sanders, Reinfield. El Salvador . 3rd ed. Vol. 1. New York: Chelsea House, 1988. Print. Places and Peoples of the World. Foley, Erin, and Rafiz Hapipi. El Salvador . New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark, 2005. Print.