Why was it established? The Electoral College was established because they needed to find a way to appoint a President and Vice President that would settle everyone’s feather. Originally, three different options were presented before they settled on an indirect popular vote: 1. Have Congress vote, 2. Have State Legislature choose, and 3. Using a direct popular vote.
Electoral College Map
When was it establishedThe Electoral College was established in the year of 1787.
Quote "A small number of persons, selected by their fellow citizens from the general mass, will be most likely to possess the information and discernment requisite to such complicated investigations.“- Alexander Hamilton, the Federalist Papers.
How does the Electoral Collegework? A body of electors chosen by the voters in each state to elect the President and vice President of the U.S. The number of electors is equal to the number of members of congress each state has All electors pledged to the candidate who wins the most votes in that state become electors for that state, except Nebraska and Maine in which they divide up votes by districts There are no laws making the elector vote to honor their pledge but they almost always do
How to Win the Electoral Vote The electoral college consists of 538 electors representing each states Congressional delegation. A majority of 270 votes is required to win the presidency. Your state’s entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of Representatives plus two for your Senators
Presidents who Have Won theElectoral College but Lost the Popular Vote
George W. Bush 2000: George W. Bush lost the popular vote by 540,000 votes, but wont he electoral vote by 5 votes
Rutherford B. Hayes1876: Rutherford B Hayes lost the popular vote by 250,000 votes and won the Electoral College by 1 vote.
Benjamin Harrison1888: Benjamin Harrison lost the popular vote by 90,000, but won the electoral college 233 to 168
John Quincy Adams 1824:John Quincy Adams. Adams lost the popular vote by 38,000, both Cana dates lost the electoral vote, 99 to 84, neither reaching the 131 needed to win. The decision was decided by the house of Representatives.
CriticismsFailure to reflect the national popular voteThe winner takes all approach does not show each districts optionGives swing states to much power over the election
Should we abolish the Electoral College? This is a hard topic with valid arguments on both sides. Cons Not truly a democracy because it is not always the same results as popular vote Gives swing state too much power Does not properly represent the districts but instead the state as a whole Pros Does not include outliers that could possible change the outcome of the election Provides a competitive election
Questions1)What year was the Electoral College 4) The number of electoral votes is based established? on? a)1879 a) The population b)1789 b)The number of senators c)1787 c) The number of senators d)1987 plus the representatives from2)Why was the Electoral College the house created? d)The number of house a) To select Congress members representatives b) To select a method of 5) Which of the following states do NOT appointing a President and Vice use the winner takes all approach to President electoral votes? c) To select State Legislatures a) Maine d) To make it easier to make b) Ohio amendments c) NewYork3) If neither candidate reaches the 6) Which type of states have more power minimum number of electoral with the electoral college type of votes to win the election (270) vote? who decides the presidency a) Swing States a) The people re-vote b)Non swing states b) The senate c) both have the same amount of c) The incumbent stays in office power d) The house of Reps vote