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  • 1. The 5 !!!!! Ishi Bekka Chronicle Winter'2013' ! 11 7 14 6 ! 3
  • 2. Departments* Posta Bet From%the%Editor%%%%%2% Alyssa!Shumaker! ! Get In! PCV Life Tigray%Trek%%%%%%3% Get!a!look!at!the!trek!by!the! numbers.! Forrest!Copeland! Why%Not?%%%%%4% Are!you!too!integrated?! Jackie!Suits! Alright%Fatties,%Rainy%Season%is% Over%%%%5% Wait.!Did!Morgan!just!call!me!fat?! Morgan!Davison! ! Go Wild! Nature Animal%vs.%Bird%%%%%6% Honey!Badger!or!Hamerkop?! Bernard!Smalls!&!Chad!Miller! Do%It%Yourself%%%%%7% Free!yourself!from!your!fleas!! Sarah!Crozier! * Extras* This%Ugly%American%Visor%%%%%13% Nick!Cipponeri! Facts%You%Don’t%Care%About%%%%%15% Top!5!Christmas!Movies!of!All!Time! Alyssa!Shumaker! ! Features* Poverty%and%a%Child’s%Brain%%%%%9% Shanthi!provokes!us!to!think!about! the!brain!development!of!the! children!in!our!lives.! Shanthi!Purushotham! % % % Contents ! ! Enibala! Food and Drink Mexican%Injera%%%%%8% Burritos,!tacos!and!empanadas!can!all!be!yours!with!this! perfect!recipe!for!flour!tortillas.! Paula!Baker! ! Where Are You Go? Travel Simba%Land%%%%%11!! To!safari!or!not!to!safari?!!Erin!assures!us!Tanzania!is! possible!on!a!Peace!Corps!budget. Erin!Sullivan! ! Hard Drive Party. Books, Music, Movies! The%Rainbow%Nation%in%the%New%Millennium%%%%%14% Alec!provides!us!with!a!timely!review!of!Douglas!Foster’s! book,!After&Mandela.! Alec!Miran! PreYgame%Ritual%%%%%16% Lost!your!sports!fanaticism?!Brenden!provides!us!with!the! perfect!playlist!to!get!in!the!game.! Brenden!Boland! ! VRC Style ! The!purple!shirt!is!a!beautiful! patterned!item!that!fits! John!to!a!tee.!In!his!front! lapel!is!a!pack!of!camo! condoms,!in!case!you!want! to!go!for!the!sneak! attack.!Wearing! shorts,!belt!and! sunglasses!of!his!own,! the!suitcase! showed!some!slim! fashion!pickings! this!month.! Nevertheless,!John! manages!to!be! runway!ready!for! all!hours!of!the! day!in!this! ensemble!to! envy.! ! ! John!Steelman!is!modeling!the!latest! in!magic,!green!suitcase!fashion.! ! !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page 1! The
  • 3. ! ! ! ! ! Mail ! ! ! ! ! ! holidays,!whether!that!be!Kwanza,!Winter! Solstice,!Hanukah,!Christmas!or!the!good!ole,! “Let’s!drink!a!beer!because!apparently!today!is! an!Ethiopian!holiday,”!Holiday.!But!most! importantly,!watch!“Chevy!Chase’s!Christmas! Vacation,”!for!me.!Please.!! ! Sincerely!yours,!! Posta Bet ! From%the%Editor% ! Well,%hello,%Peace%Corps%Ethiopia!!! Welcome!to!our!first!edition!as!a!new!team!of! editors!for!Ishi Bekka.!While!I’m!not!sure!that!I! can!amount!to!Dave’s!snarky!wit!and!lavish! charm!as!Editor;in;Chief,!at!least!I!have!many! other!people!working!on!Ishi!with!me!to!pick!up! the!slack!(or!to!blame!if!anything!goes!wrong).!In! our!new!editions!we!are!working!to!put!out! quarterly!installments,!because!we!know!that! you!count!on!Ishi’s!breaking!news!to!stay!in! touch!with!the!world.!We!are!also!working!to! make!Ishi!more!accessible,!so!while!we!will!still! be!posting!editions!on! ishibekka.wordpress.com,!hopefully!we!will!be! able!to!send!a!version!out!to!you!via!email!with! as!much!Sham;Wow;Pow!as!the!online!version.!! ! What!you!are!reading!now!is!our!Winter!Edition,! and!inside!you’ll!see!many!fascinating!stories.! While,!“What!does!the!fox!say?”!is!sweeping! YouTube!worldwide,!you!can!read!up!about!an! old!classic!the!Honey!Badger,!as!well!as!the!ever; elusive!Hamerkop,!in!Bernard!and!Chad’s! infamous,!“Animal!vs.!Bird”!column.!Along!with! some!returning!celebrated!columnist!favorites,! we!have!added!new!columnists!to!our!racket,! and!in!this!issue!you!can!enjoy!articles!on!topics! from!Nelson!Mandela!to!exercise!to!tortillas.!! ! Also,!we!have!some!exciting!new!sections!of!Ishi! that!we!welcome!submissions!to.!!I!know!you’re! excited.! ! And!while!this!holiday!season!may!not!feel!the! same!when!you!celebrate!in!the!heat!of!the!dry! season!with!five!pine!branches!stolen!from!the! side!of!the!road!as!you!attempt!to!wrap!a!present! of!cappuccino!biscuits!in!the!manila!envelopes! sent!from!Weekly!Updates!past,!remember!that! we!here!at!Ishi Bekka!wish!you!the!happiest!of! ! ! alyssa% Editor%in%Chief, The!Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!! ! ! Ishi!Staff Alyssa%Shumaker% Editor!in!Chief! Erica%Lillquist% Design!and!Layout! ! Get%In!% ! ! ! ! !! Sarah%Crozier% Column!Editor! Jackie%Suits% Column!Editor! Forrest%Copeland% Photo!Sourcing! ! Please!remember!that!Ishi,!as!a!scholastic! publication,!welcomes!Letters!to!the!Editor! and!submissions.!Please!correspond!with!us! via!ishibekka@gmail.com.! ! Feature!and!Department!submissions!are! welcomed.!!Please!also!consider!contributing! to:! • Facts!You!Don’t!Care!About! • Shit;Shat;Chit;Chat!(new!)! • Amaringlish!(photo!submissions)! For!more!details,!please!contact!us.! ! !All!sweepstakes!are!void!where!prohibited,! and!by!prohibited!we!mean!outside!of!the!48; contiguous!US!States.!! ! ! ! The!Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page!2
  • 4. Get In! PCV Life ! Tigray#Trek# By#Forrest#Copeland# !! Unless!you!have!been!living!under!a!rock,!you!have!probably!heard!about! the!amazing!Tigray!Trek.!!For!detailed!accounts,!check!out!the!blogs!of! Hannah!Yang!(http://phreqaflex.com/com)!and!Forrest! (www.talesfromthebigcountry.wordpress.com).! ! ! For!a!quick!peak,!however,!we!let!the!numbers!speak!for!themselves…# By#the#Numbers:# Total!distance!covered!by!the!trek:!282km! Cumulative!Kilometers!ran!by!the!core!group!! !!!!!of!7!PCVs:!1170km! Most!Kilometers!ran!by!one!tam!member!in!8!! !!!!!days:!252km!(Hannah)! Longest!distance!in!a!day:!48km!(Mekele!to!! !!!!!Adi!Kayih)! Number!of!youth!who!participated!in!HIV!! !!!!!education!sessions:!528!!(Boys:!324!Girls:!! !!!!!204)! US!Dollars!raised!for!imagine1day:!$4,586! Liters!of!water!purchased:!268! Kilos!of!bananas!purchased:!9kg! Kilos!of!oranges!purchased:!5kg! Most!fluid!consumption!by!a!runner!in!a!day!! !!!!!on!the!road:!6.5!Liters! Egg!sandwiches!consumed:!34! ! ! ! Number!of!Bani’s!(breads)!eaten!by!Mike!in!! !!!!!one!sitting:!6! 3;egg;each!sandwiches!consumed!by!Ben!in!! !!!!!one!sitting:!4!(that’s!a!dozen!eggs!)! Most!shits!in!a!day!by!one!person:!9! Bug!bites!on!Hannah’s!left!ankle!on!day!8:!18! Bug!!bites!on!Hannah’s!neck!on!day!8:!21! Number!of!bum!knees!at!the!end!of!the!trek:!6! Number!of!bum!feet!at!the!end!of!the!trek:!2! Number!of!visits!to!the!health!center:!2! Number!of!cases!of!heat!exhaustion:!2! Mosquito;net!tutu!survival!rate:!100%! Number!of!dead!hyenas!in!the!ditch:!1! Number!of!blankets!in!the!Kukufutu!“hotel”! AKA!mud!fort:!0! Number!of!times!listening!to!“808s!and! Heartbreaks”:!Too!many! Number!of!times!listening!to!“What!Does!the!! !!!!!!Fox!Say“:!Not!enough! ! ! ! ! The!Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page!3!
  • 5. Get In! ! Why$Not?! By$Jackie$Suits! ! Have!you!had!that!moment!when!you! realize!you’re!really!integrated!yet?! Maybe!even!a!little!too!integrated?! During!the!last!week!of!school,!my! teachers!invited!me!to!go!on!their! end>of>the>year!field!trip!to!the! nearby!hot!springs,!Wondo!Genet.!I! thought,!“Why!not?”!!! ! The!day!before!the!trip,!I!was!asked! to!assist!with!cooking!the!food.!I! meandered!over!to!Hirut’s!compound!where!I! was!met!through!the!gate!with!the!butchering!of! a!goat.!Goats!have!become!my!new!favorite! animal!here,!so!I!just!cut!heaps!of!onions.!!!! ! The!next!morning!started!early!as!I!was,!of! course,!the!first!to!arrive!at!our!meeting!place!at! 6am.!I!was!shortly!joined!by!my!Grassroot!Soccer! counterpart!and!we!wandered!around!town! wondering!where!everyone!else!was.!By!9am,!we! were!all!packed!onto!the!bus!and!the!wheels! were!rolling.!We!didn’t!get!far!before!stopping! for!breakfast.!“K’urs?”!I!asked!skeptically.!We! were!on!the!side!of!the!road!in!the!middle!of! nowhere.!I!was!answered!by!seeing!the!women! carrying!injera!and!a!huge!bucket!full!of!the!k’aywat!I!helped!make!off!the!bus.!We!sat!in!the!grass! of!a!cow!field!and!ate!the!k’ay-wat,!but!I!declined! a!9:30am!Pepsi.!A!few!of!my!teachers!surprised! me!by!bringing!up!the!word!“picnic.”!!I!spent!the! rest!of!the!bus!trip!being!grilled!by!the!Social! Studies!teacher!whose!daughter!would!be! attending!camp!with!me.!!! ! We!arrived!and!I!walked!in!with!Demissie,!a! Physics!teacher.!Demissie!is!a!tall,!gentle!man! that!gives!bear!hugs!and!whose!son!I!also!teach.! We!approached!the!public!showering!area!and! he!stripped!down!to!his!underwear!right!in!front! of!me!and!scurried!off!to!help!Bisrat,!the!6th! grade!English!teacher,!wash!his!back.!!! ! ! ! ! I!had!paid!for!a!private!shower,!so!I!ambled!over! to!that!line!and!joined!some!of!my!female! teachers.!I!still!had!a!perfect!view!of!the!male! public!shower!spot!where!all!the!men!were! frolicking.!The!ladies!were!taking!not>so>private! showers!and!entering!two!at!a!time.!I!went!into!a! shower!next!to!Hirut!and!her!bestie,!Zenebech.! There!was!a!gap!at!the!top!of!the!wall!separating! our!showers!and!they!spent!the!entire!time! hollering!at!me.!“Jack!--Shower-indet-naw?--T’irunaw?--Jack!--Tachawachi!!!!”!I!did!indeed!play.! ! Before!heading!home,!I!went!with!two!other! teachers,!Hailu!and!Shiferaw,!to!see!a!house!that! used!to!be!Haile!Selassie’s!next!to!the!springs.! We!saw!a!lot!of!monkeys!and!baboons!and!took!a! million!photos.!!On!the!way!back,!we!stopped!for! another!k’ay-wat!picnic,!this!time!in!the!field!of!a! church.!For!the!remainder!of!the!journey,!I! enjoyed!the!best>smelling!bus!ride!of!my! Ethiopian!life!and!decided!I’d!go!again!next!year.!!! ! The!mere!fact!that!I!experienced!a!day!like!this! wasn’t!as!significant!as!the!fact!that!I!didn’t!find! it!at!all!odd.!If!you!haven’t!had!that!moment!yet! when!you!realize!you’re!too!integrated,!you!will;! especially!if!you!accept!a!trip!to!the!hot!springs! with!your!Ethiopian!co>workers.!Ask!yourself! “Why!not?”!Usually!you!won’t!be!able!to!come!up! with!a!response.!!!! ! !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page 4! The
  • 6. Get In! Alright(Fatties,(Rainy(Season(is(Over.(( By(Morgan(Davison( The$tip$for$this$quarter:!! ! If!you!truly!want!to!see!a!difference!it! is!not!going!to!be!easy.!You!have!to! change!your!mindset!and!prepare!to! change!some!of!your!eating!habits.! The!tip!for!this!month!for!those!of!you! trying!to!slim!down!is!to!eliminate! junk!food!from!your!diet.!This!means! no!cake,!no!sambusas!or!bumbalinos,! and!if!you're!lucky!enough!to!have! themNno!ice!cream!or!potato!chips!! You!are!allowed!two!cheat!days!!Two! days!a!week!you!can!eat!WHATEVER! you!want!!That's!doable!right?! And!you!know!what!that!means...NO.MORE.EXCUSES.! During!rainy!season!it's!so!easy!to!get!lazy!and!hibernate!in! our!houses!while!watching!the!newest!episode!of!True!Blood! and!eating!Snickers!bars.!It's!time!to!put!an!end!to!that!sad,! sad!life.! Working!out!makes!us!feel!good,!right?!Do!you!actually!know! why?!Most!people!know!it's!good!for!us!and!releases! endorphins,!but!here's!the!full!scoop:! Endorphins!act!as!analgesics,!which!mean!they!diminish!the! perception!of!pain.!They!also!act!as!sedatives.!Regular! exercise!helps!reduce!stress,!boots!selfNesteem,!improves! sleep!and!wards!off!anxiety!and!depression.! ! So!not!only!will!working!out!help!you!discover!that!you!DO!in!fact!have!more!than!one!ab,!it's!going!to! make!you!feel!so!much!better!!Release!endorphins,!get!rid!of!toxins!and!get!inspired!to!do!some!good! work!! For!a!lot!of!us,!the!starting!is!actually!the!hardest.!It's!hard!to!find!the!motivation!to!turn!Shawn!T!on!and! do!forty!five!minutes!of!pure!cardio!(that!sh**!really!is!bananas!).!I!suggest!finding!a!time!that!works!for! you!and!sticking!with!it!every!day.!When!you!build!your!workout!into!your!daily!routine,!you!are!much! more!likely!to!stick!with!it.! ! Come(on,(Tanya!((No( more(excuses!( Another!helpful!tip—get!a!workout!buddy.! You!don't!have!to!have!a!site!mate!for!this.!My! workout!buddy!lives!pretty!far!away!but!we! make!sure!to!text!each!other!every!day!to! see!if!we!have!done!our!workouts.!We! also!check!in!with!each!other!to!see!if!we!are! eating!healthy.!Find!someone!who!is!on!the! same!motivation!level!as!you!and!who!will! be!honest!with!you.!Someone!who!will!say,! “Morgan,!put!down!the!cookie!and!go!work! out...your!ass!doesn't!need!the!extra! calories.”! Contact!Morgan!Davison!for!workout!tips,! potential!workout!buddies,!and!general! exercise!motivation. ! ! ! ! ! ! The !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page 5!
  • 7. Go Wild! Animal'Vs.'Bird' ! Nature An!animal!made!infamous!by!a!viral!YouTube!video,!the!honey!badger!(also! The'Honey'Badger' known!as!the!ratel)!really!is!"crazy".!Weighing!in!on!average!between!20C30! pounds,!the!honey!badger!is!poundCforCpound!one!of!the!most!ferocious! By'Bernard'Smalls! predators!out!there.!Little!is!known!about!the!mating!and!social!habits!of! these!solitary!creatures,!despite!the!fact!that!they!are!fairly!common!throughout!the! African!continent.!What!is!known!is!that!they!eat!everything!and!fear!nothing,!and!that! even!the!scariest!animals!on!the!savannah!think!twice!before!crossing!this!fearless! warrior's!path.! ! So!what!makes!the!honey!badger!so!crazy?!Much!like!all!larger!mustelids!(weasels),! the!honey!badger!is!strong!for!its!size!and!has!a!vicious!temper.! ! It!will!readily!defend!itself!from!any!attacker,!and!has!even!been! With'all'' known!to!chase!young!lions!from!a!kill.!The!honey!badger's! these'lethal'skills,'' secret!to!success!is!its!incredibly!thick,!yet!loose!skin.!At!a! it'really'is'no' quarterCofCanCinch!thick,!the!skin!is!impervious!to!most!porcupine! surprise'that'the' quills,!animal!bites,!and!bee!stings!(important!for!helping!it!get! "Honey'Badger'just' one!of!its!favorite!foods,!honey).!The!looseness!of!the!skin!allows!it!to!turn!around! don't'give'a'shit."' and!attack!anyone!foolish!enough!to!hold!onto!it.!When!you!combine!this!with!its! evolved!immunity!to!most!snake!venoms!(it!regularly!kills!and!eats!the!black!mamba,! arguably!the!deadliest!snake!on!Earth),!the!honey!badger!becomes!about!as!indestructible!! as!you!can!get!! ! ! After!I!found!out!I!would!be!going!to!Ethiopia!(Ethiopia,!Huh?!That!wasn't!listed!on!the!wiki!),!one!of!the! first!things!I!did!was!go!online!and!order!a!book,!a!guide!to!birds!of!the!Horn!of!Africa.!It!should!have! been!the!beginning!of!summer!in!Minneapolis,!but!it!was!still!a!cold,!wet!spring,!and!I!sat! ! in!my!secondCstory!apartment!leafing!through!this!colorful!book!puzzling!over! The'Hamerkop'' hundreds!of!unfamiliar!birds.!I!was!enough!of!a!birder!already!to!know!that!I! is'a'bad'omen'in'some' would!never!be!lucky!enough!to!see!most!of!the!species!illustrated!in!those!pages,! cultures,'the'bringer' but!conversely!I!knew!that!I!would!be!lucky!enough!to!see!quite!a!few.!The! of'bad'news.'But'for' question!was!which!ones.!One!bird!I!found!myself! me'it’s'magical;'it' fascinated!with,!and!doubted!very!much!that!I!would! reminds'me'how' ever!see,!was!called!the!Hamerkop.!!Maybe!it!was! lucky'I'am.' the!familiar!Dutch!(“Hammerhead')!paired!with!the! unfamiliar!looking!bird,!or!the!drawing!of!its!giant,!round,! mudCball!nest,!but!for!whatever!reason!I!zeroed!in!on!Scopus'umbretta!as!a!bird! from!the!book!that!I!would!not!forget.! ! The!book!will!tell!you!that!the!Hamerkop!can!only!be!found!in!Africa,!Madagascar,!and! southwest!Arabia.!!It’s!a!“mediumCsized,!dull!brown!water!bird”!with!its!long,!pointed!crest! and!thick,!long!bill!combining!to!give!a!hammerCheaded! ! appearance.!!The!Hamerkop!can!be!found!around!water,!from! It's'Hammer'Time!' major!lakes!to!small!ponds,!rivers,!and!even!temporary!pools.!!The! Hamerkop!can!soar!like!an!eagle!and!ranges!all!over!Ethiopia.!!"!! By'Chad'Miller! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page!6 The
  • 8. Go Wild! ! (…Cont’d)!I!was!lucky.!I!saw!my!first!Hamperkop!within!my!first!couple!of!months!here;!he!was!poking! around!in!a!rain!puddle!just!across!the!road!from!the!gate!of!my!Amharic!teacher’s!compound!in!Sagure.! Later!I!would!see!the!occasional!Hamperkop!in!a!few!spots,!including!a!pair!sunning!themselves!on!the! branches!of!a!dead!tree!above!a!stream!on!the!outskirts!of!Debre!Markos,!and,!more!recently,!a!single!bird! seemingly!well!out!of!place!in!dry!as!bone,!urban!Addis.!In!fact,!near!that!spot!I!recently!noted!what!looks! suspiciously!like!a!Hamperkop!nest.!!Again,!I!wouldn’t!think!a!Hamerkop!would!belong!here:!newar!the! Canadian!Embassy,!away!from!water,!in!the!middle!of!Africa’s!capital.!I!asked!a!guard!walking!nearby! about!the!giant!ball!in!the!crook!of!a!big!tree!(it!even!had!a!plastic!clothes!hanger!embedded!in!the! surface).!He!said!ti!was!a!bird’s!“dorm.”!I!tried!to!ask!him!about!the!bird!that!lived!in!the!dorm,!what!it! looked!like,!and!tried!to!use!gestures!to!delineate!the!telltale!head!shape.!But!he!had!no!idea!what!I!was! talking!about,!so!it’s!still!a!mystery.!!There!are!many!such!mysteries!around,!if!we’re!conscious!enough!to! notice!them.!!! ! ! ! Do!It!Yourself:!A!How!To!Guide!for!the! Randomness!That!is!Our!Lives! By!Sarah!Crozier! ! Flea!season,!the!time!of!the!year!when!no!matter! which!style!of!public!transportation!you!use,!you! are!99.99%!likely!to!pick!up!some!friends!that! crawl!around!your!bed!for!the!next!3!months.!!To! be!fair,!your!bed!is!probably!pretty!comfy.!! ! So!how!to!be!rid!of!these!pesky!critters!without! suffocating!everyone!within!a!10!mile!radius!of! our!poison!spray?!Not!all!of!us!can!have!mom!or! dad!send!us!flea!collars!in!the!mail!(ya,!get!over! it).!Here’s!a!neat!little!trick!a!Peace!Corps! Cameroon!girl!taught!me!on!her!way!through! Ethiopia!–!soapy!water!! All!you!need!to!do!is!get!a!bowl,!fill!it!with!a!cup! or!so!of!water,!then!add!dish!soap.!Swirl!it! around!so!it’s!frothy!on!top!to!make!sure!the! soap!is!nicely!mixed.!Don’t!worry,!the!bubbles! will!go!away!and!that’s!ok.!Place!the!bowl!under! infected!furniture!(bed,!chair,!couch,!farmer’s! straw!mattress!you’re!not!sure!why!you!bought)! and!wait!as!the!fleas!DIE.! ! ! ! ! ! How!does!it!work?!Fleas,!like!all!of!God’s! creatures!(the!devils!),!need!water!to!survive.!! Attracted!to!the!water!in!the!bowl!they!jump!in! to!drink!to!their!hearts!content.!Unlucky!for! them,!the!soap!film!covers!them!and!they!get! trapped!and!drown.!It!will!probably!take!a! couple!weeks!to!get!all!the!buggers,!but!you’ll!be! pleasantly!surprised!when!other!random!flies! are!swimming!in!the!water!too,!instead!of! attacking!your!bananas.! ! Simple,!cheap,!and!effective.!An!easy!flea! solution.!! ! Ah!!I’m!d! rowning! ! ! ! ! !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page 7! The
  • 9. Enibila! Food & Drink ! ( Mexican(Injera(a.k.a.(Flour(Tortillas! (( ! Materials:! +clean,!flat!surface! +rolling!pin,!Nalgene!bottle,!or! glass!bottle! +bowl! +fork! +non+stick!pan! +spatula! !Ingredients:! +5!cups!white!flour!(1st! quality)! +2!teaspoons!baking!powder! +1!tsp!salt! +½!cup!oil! +1!¼!to!1!¾!cups!very!hot! water! ! ! ! ! ! From(the(Kitchen( of(Paula(Baker( Combine!flour,!baking!powder,!and!salt!in!a!large!bowl.!Pour!in!oil! and!cut!in!with!a!fork!until!there!are!no!big!chunks!left.!!The! technique!to!“cut!in”!the!oil!is!to!push!the!back!of!the!fork!through! the!flour!mixture.!It!cuts!up!the!oil!allowing!it!to!evenly!mix!into!the! dough.!! Slowly!pour!in!1!¼!cup!hot!water!and!mix.!If!the!mixture!is!still!dry,! add!more!hot!water!until!a!ball!forms.!The!dough!should!form!into!a! ball!without!sticking!to!the!floured!surface.!Add!more!flour!or!water! to!reach!the!desired!consistency.!Knead!the!dough!a!few!times!to! work!out!any!lumps!of!flour.!!Cover!it!with!a!wet!towel!and!let!it! rest!in!the!bowl!for!20!minutes.! !Next,!tear!off!pieces!of!dough!about!the!size!of!a!large!egg.!On!a! clean,!floured!surface!roll!out!the!dough!with!your!rolling! implement.!Flip!the!tortilla!as!you!go!and!sprinkle!flour!as!needed! to!prevent!sticking.!! Heat!the!skillet!to!medium+low!and!put!the!tortilla!in!the!pan,!no!oil! needed.!Cook!for!about!1!minute!or!until!bubbles!form!and!then!flip! it!over!with!the!spatula!(or!carefully!with!a!fork).!Check!the! underside!frequently!for!browning.!Continue!until!all!the!tortillas! are!cooked!!Makes!16+18!tortillas ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Options:! +Mix!half!wheat!flour!and!white!flour! +Add!1+2!tablespoons!of!corn!flour!for!heartier! tortillas! +Make!empanadas!by!rolling!out!thicker!dough! and!filling!it!with!fruit!mixture.!My!favorite!is! cooking!chopped!apples!with!cinnamon,!sugar! and!a!little!oil.!Let!it!cool!before!putting!2+3! tablespoons!in!a!tortilla.!Fold!it!into!a!pocket!and! seal!the!edges!with!water.!Fry!in!the!skillet!with! oil.! ! Enibila!! ! ! ! ! !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page 8! The
  • 10. !! Poverty! and!a!Child’s!Brain! By#Shanthi#Purushotham! ! I!recently!read!an!article!on!CNN!that!was!published!this!summer!titled,!“How$ Poverty$Might$Change$the$Brain”,!describing!the!research!of!renowned! neuroscientist,!Martha!Farah,!at!the!University!of!Pennsylvania.!Farah!studies! socioeconomic!influences!on!the!brain!and!her!research!discards!the! conventional!notion!that!the!poor!are!unintelligent!and!lazy!and!as!a!result!are! driven!to!poverty.!Through!brain!imaging,!she!shows!how!differences!in! childhood!experience!between!economically!struggling!and!wealthier!people! can!actually!lead!to!differences!in!brain!development!and!cognitive!function.! Research!has!found!that!the!IQ!of!people!living!in!chronic!poverty!drops!as! much!as!13!points!and!when!posed!with!different!“What!would!you!do?”! situations,!they!are!more!predisposed!to!making!poor!decisions!(Kelland!2013).! Environmental!factors!related!to!living!in!poverty!that!may!be!responsible!for! this!include!exposure!to!toxins,!chronic!stress!and!contact!with!substandard! cognitive!skills,!and!impaired!emotionalRsocial!relationships!during!childhood! (Jensen!2006).!These!factors!are!the!main!culprits!in!impairing!a!child’s! cognitive!development!by!negatively!affecting!parts!of!the!brain!responsible!for! working!memory,!impulse!regulation,!visualRspatial!ability,!language,!and! cognition!(Nobel,!et!al.!2005).!! Given!the!economic!situation!of!most!families!and!communities!in!Ethiopia!as! well!as!social!and!cultural!factors,!I!believe!that!many!Ethiopian!children,!!"! ! ! ! !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page 9! The
  • 11. especially!girls,!are!specifically!at!risk!for!not!expanding!their!cognitive!skills!to!their!fullest!potential.!For! example,!the!elementary!students!here!in!Lumame!are!given!so!little!homework!that!it!only!takes!15!to! 20!minutes!to!finish!and!does!not!require!any!sustained!concentration!or!focus.!Parents!from!poverty,! like!many!of!the!parents!in!my!community,!not!only!use!fewer!and!less!complex!vocabulary!compared!to! middle!and!upper!income!homes,!but!interestingly!they!are!also!less!likely!to!initiate!and!engage!in! conversations!simply!to!maintain!social!ties!!(Hoff,!2003and!Hart!&!Risely,!1995).!While!this!may!vary! between!cultures,!during!my!time!in!Lumame,!I!have!found!that!the!quality!of!conversation!in!poorer! households!is!less!when!compared!to!households!with!at!least!one!educated!family!member.!Overall,!very! few!families!engage!in!meaningful!conversations!with!their!children,!such!as!about!current!events!or! what!they!are!learning!in!school,!and!this!is!especially!true!for!girls!and!those!living!in!dire!poverty.!! So,!why!is!this!important?!The!brain!is!influenced!by!experience.!If!a!child!has!a!less!stimulating! experience!growing!up,!this!coupled!with!chronic!povertyPrelated!stresses!can!have!a!severe!effect!on!the! brain’s!development.!At!its!extreme,!it!can!even!lead!to!cell!atrophy,!or!death!(Dobrin!2012).!For!regions! of!the!brain!like!the!hippocampus!that!are!responsible!for!learning!and!memory,!this!is!detrimental.!The! good!news,!however,!is!that!the!damage!done!is!not!always!irreversible.!To!combat!the!effects!of!poverty! on!the!brain,!all!we!need!to!do!is!change!the!experiences!a!child!has!while!growing!up.!Environmental! factors!relating!to!cognitive!function!that!can!enable!positive!changes!in!the!brain!include!novel!complex! learning,!physical!activity,!hopeful!social!environment,!managed!stress!levels,!and!social!support!(Jensen! 2006).!All!these!factors!are!related.!For!example,!physical!activity!can!lower!stress!levels,!while!living!in!a! hopeful!environment!and!being!exposed!to!novel!complex!learning!can!enhance!academic!performance.! Therefore,!it!is!important!to!advocate!for!an!intellectually!stimulating!experience!for!all!children!as!they! grow!and!develop.!While!the!children!in!Lumame!may!not!be!considered!poor!in!relation!to!others!in!the! community,!given!their!limited!access!to!resources,!the!poor!quality!of!education,!lack!of!encouragement,! and!the!few!opportunities!they!have!to!explore!their!skills!and!talents!through!extracurricular!activities,! in!many!ways!they!have!a!similar!experience!to!the!economically!disadvantaged!in!the!west.!! Ultimately,!as!a!Peace!Corps!Volunteer,!we!can!try!to!alleviate!the!negative!effects!of!living!in!an!underP resourced!community!on!brain!development!by!helping!to!create!an!as!enriching!and!stimulating!as! possible!environment!for!children!while!encouraging!parents,!teachers!and!mentors!to!do!the!same.!We! are!probably!already!doing!this!by!engaging!in!projects!at!our!local!schools,!interacting!with!kids,! teaching!them!about!foreign!cultures,!and!helping!them!to!improve!their!English.!However,!encouraging! others!to!do!the!same!for!sustainability!is! Works&Cited& critical.!At!a!time!when!a!child’s!brain!and! Dobrin,!A!et!al.!(2012).!The!brains!of!poor!children!are!atrophied!but!can! cognitive!functioning!is!developing,! rebound.! exposure!to!new!concepts,!ideas,!and! Hart,!B.,!&!Risley,!T.!(1995).!Meaningful!differences!in!everyday!experience! activities!is!fundamental.!Smarter,!more! of!young!American!children.!Baltimore:!Paul!Brookes!Publishing!Co.,!MD.! enriched!and!motivated!students!will! Hoff,!E.!(2003).!The!specificity!of!environmental!influence:!socioeconomic! ultimately!lead!to!a!more!productive!and! status!affects!early!vocabulary!development!via!maternal!speech.!Child! Development,!74(5),!1368–78.! educated!workforce!that!will!have!a! Jensen,!E.!The!effects!of!poverty!on!the!brain.!PDF.! greater,!longPterm!positive!impact!on!the! communities!in!which!we!currently!live!and! Kelland,!K.!(2013).!Study!finds!poverty!reduces!brain!power.!Reuters.! http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/08/29/usPpovertyPbrainP on!Ethiopia!as!an!entire!developing!nation.!! idUSBRE97S10W20130829.! & ! ! ! ! Noble!KG,!Norman!MF,!Farah!MJ!(2005),!Neurocognitive!correlates!of! !socioeconomic!status!in!kindergarten!children.!Dev!Sci!Jan;8(1):!74P87.! ! ! ! ! !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page 10! The
  • 12. Where Are You Go? Travel ! ! Simba&Land& By&Erin&Sullivan! ! Do!you!ever!wish!your!life!were!more!like!the!Crocodile! Hunter’s! (pre:death! obviously)?! Do! you! wish! your! life! were! more! like! a! Disney! movie! (and! by! Disney! movie! I! mean! the!Disney!movie,!The$Lion$King$obviously)?!Do!you!ever!wish! your! life! weren’t! land:locked! (sorry! Ethiopians,! but! Lake! Tana! does! NOT!count!as!a!beach).!If!you!answered!yes!to!any!of!these!questions,! go!to!Tanzania!!If!you!answered!no!to!any!of!these!questions…!um,!what’s!your! problem?!What!kind!of!person!doesn’t!want!life!to!be!like!The$Lion$King!?$ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ ! ! In!August,!three!friends!and!I!took!a!two:week!(much!needed)!Peace!Corps!break!in!Simba!Land,!and!it! was!definitely!one!of!the!best!vacations!I’ve!ever!had.!Like!Ethiopia,!Tanzania!is!extremely!diverse,!and! one!can!find!everything!from!gorgeous!shorelines!to!vast!grasslands!to!incredible!mountain!views.!And!if! you’re!a!poor!Peace!Corps!Volunteer!who’s!traveling!on!a!budget,!no!problem!!We!were,!too.!! ! My!friends!and!I!flew!into!Dar!es!Salaam,!ate!some!wonderful!Indian!food,!and!the!next!morning,!hopped! on!the!ferry!to!Stone!Town,!Zanzibar.!If!you’re!looking!for!an!“I!need!to!get!away!from!Ethiopia!!!”!"!! ! ! ! ! ! !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page!11! The
  • 13. Where Are You Go? (…Cont’d)!!experience,!Stone!Town!is!it.!With!its! white!sand!beaches,!bustling!bazaars,!narrow! alleyways!and!coral!stone!buildings,!the!city!feels!like! a!tropical!mix!of!Greece,!Croatia!and!Tel!Aviv.!We! spent!hours!wandering!the!maze!of!cobblestone! paths,!admiring!the!historical!architecture,!shopping! for!bright!fabric!and!drifting!from!one!spice!shop!to! the!next.! ! After!Stone!Town,!we!traveled!to!Kendwa!Rocks!in! northern!Zanzibar.!If!you’re!looking!to!relive!(a! twisted!Peace!Corps!version)!of!your!college!spring! break,!Kendwa!Rocks!is!for!you.!Any!photo!of!the! landscape!would!create!the!perfect!“Welcome!to! Paradise”!postcard;!the!ocean!is!breathtakingly! beautiful!and!the!smooth!white!sand!seems!to!go!on! forever.!The!shoreline!is!also!lined!with!different! “party!resorts,”!teeming!with!young!(primarily! European)!tourists,!and!each!night,!different!resorts! host!different!themed!parties.!! After!our!tropical!vacation,!my!friends!and!I!traveled! to!southern!Tanzania!for!a!threeOday!safari.!“Why! southern!Tanzania?,”!you!may!ask;!“Why!not!visit! Simba’s!old!stomping!grounds!in!the!Serengeti?”! Well,!we’re!poor!Peace!Corps!Volunteers!and!the! Serengeti!is!expensive!!We!visited!one!of!the!less! touristy,!less!wellOknown!parks!in!the!south!for! about!a!third!of!the!price,!and!it!was!still!the!safari!of! my!dreams.!We!saw!lions!mating,!elephants!bathing! each!other,!and!millions!of!zebras!frolicking!around.! What’s!more,!our!lodge!was!only!four!kilometers! from!the!park,!so!every!night!at!dinner,!we!were!able! to!watch!elephants,!monkeys!and!giraffes!wander! about.!"! ! ! ! Going&on&a&safari&is&one&of&the&coolest& “ things&I’ve&ever&done,&and&I&think&all&Peace& Corps&Africa&Volunteers&should&go&on&one&at& some&point&during&their&service.& ! ! ” ! ! !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page 12! The
  • 14. Where Are You Go? Does!this!sound!like!it’s!for!you?!Here!are!some!specifics:! ! Dar$es$Salaam:$Econo!Lodge!is!the!“Peace!Corps!Hotel”!of!Dar—the!staff!loves!volunteers!!The!rooms!are! really!nice!and!reasonably!priced,!and!there’s!an!amazing!Indian!restaurant!right!around!the!corner.!It’s! also!within!walking!distance!to!the!ferry,!and!it’s!only!a!short!bajaj!ride! away!from!a!beautiful!seaside!shopping!mall.! Stone$Town:$We!stayed!at!Kiponda!B&B!right!in!the!heart!of! downtown!Stone!Town!for!about!$20!per!person!per!night.! The!hotel!staff!was!great!and!the!complimentary!breakfast! (muesli,!yogurt,!fresh!fruit!and!omelets)!was!amazing.!Make! sure!you!go!to!the!fish!market!for!dinner!one!night—there!are!so! many!people!out!that!it!feels!like!a!carnival!and!the!seafood!is! delicious!!! Kenwa$Rocks:$We!stayed!at!Kendwa!Rocks!Resort!and!it!was…!okay.! This!seems!to!be!the!main!“party!resort”!where!most!of!the!action! happens,!but!the!rooms!were!extremely!small!and!overpriced.!The!masses!of! young!tourists,!the!beautiful!beach!and!the!great!beach!bar!made!it!worth!it,! though!!! Safari:$We!visited!Ruaha!National!Park!and!stayed!at!Tandala!Tented!Camp.!The!family!who!runs!the! lodge!are!angels!and!offered!a!special!“Peace!Corps!safari!package”:!$230!per!person!for!a!two<and<a<half! day!safari!(including!the!car,!guide,!and!park!entrance!fees),!wonderful!meals,!and!two!beautiful!rooms.!!!! ! This Ugly American VisorAchieving PC Goal 2 S dy!& ! Office&Rea dy!to! !cow!is!rea This!baby ! ! do!work!! ! o&Fly!& Selam!i s !styling !i n!Arek a!! al& ! Barn&Form ?!!I!! re!to!dance uld!you!ca Wo oo < will!be!a<m uarantee!it! g sing!! ! ! ! Thanks& Nick&Cipponeri& for&this&issue’s& visor&photos!& !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page 13! The
  • 15. Hard Drive Party Books, Movies, Music The$Rainbow$Nation$in$the$New$Millennium:$ Book$Review$of$After&Mandela$ By$Alec$Miran! ! After!the!end!of!Apartheid!in!the!1990s,!South!Africa's!transition!to!democracy!was!widely!hailed!as!a! “miracle”.!Much!of!the!coverage!and!analysis!surrounding!this!drastic!shift!centered!on!one!person:! Nelson!Mandela.!In!After&Mandela:&The&Struggle&for&Freedom&in&Post8Apartheid&South&Africa,!Douglas! Foster!tracks!the!major!political,!social,!and!economic!developments!in!the!country!since!its!iconic!leader! stepped!down!from!the!presidency.!Coupling!journalistic!accounts!of!these!events—including!Mandela's! successor!Thabo!Mbeki's!gross!mishandling!of!the!HIV/AIDS!crisis!and!the!internecine!power!struggle!for! the!leadership!of!the!African!National!Congress!between!Mbeki!and!Jacob!Zuma—with!multiple! interviews!with!South!African!politicians,!civil!servants,!and!young!people,!Foster!paints!a!broad!picture! of!the!complex!and!intertwined!forces!affecting!the!country!and!tries!to!make!clear!how!these!currents! look!and!feel!on!the!ground!for!ordinary!and!elite!South!Africans!alike.! ! These!interviews!are!one!of!the!strongest!features!of!Foster's!narrative.!Multiple!conversations!with! South!African!youth,!including!offspring!of!both!Mandela!and!Zuma,!as!well!as!three!other!youths!of! much!more!modest!economic! backgrounds,!form!the!backbone! of!Foster's!personal!account!of!the! multifaceted!!issues!at!work!in!the! country.!At!his!strongest! moments,!Foster!employs! characters!to!illustrate!how! income!inequality!and!the! HIV!pandemic!created! deeply!entrenched!social! categories!that!are!difficult! to!escape.!Gwendoline! Dube's!story!provides!that! image,!while!also!allowing! for!variation!within…!!" ! ! ! ! ! !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page!14! The
  • 16. Hard Drive Party (…Cont’d)!the!framework!of!a!national!issue.!Further,!his!portrait!of!Jacob!Zuma,!cultivated!over! numerous!interviews!with!the!president!himself!and!his!family!members,!cuts!through!some!of!the!more! trite!representations!of!the!leader!while!also!illuminating!the!more!deeplyVrooted!social!and!economic! issues!that!helped!propel!him!to!power.!Additionally,!he!is!able!to!represent!some,!though!not!enough,! of!the!complexity!within!the!ANC!and!its!factions!in!his!interviews!with!party!leaders,!Youth!League! members,!and!Trade!Union!representatives.!Their!candid,!and!sometimes!conflicting,!accounts! point!out!the!inherent!complexity!of!the!ruling!party's!structure,!as!well!as!important!historical!changes! in!the!organization!since!Mandela's!presidency!ended.! ! This!personalized!account!comes!with!its!own!flaws,!however.!Namely,!Foster!inserts!himself!into!the! story!far!too!often.!Obviously,!he!needs!to!be!there!to!interview!his!main!subjects.!But!do!we!need!to! know!that!children!at!a!school!in!Limpopo!Province!erupted!in!cheers!after!Foster!delivered!an! impromptu!speech?!Is!anyone!factVchecking!that!part!of!the!book?!Finally,!it!is!clear!that,!as!an!American,! he!is!an!outsider!commenting!on!another!country's!history!and!society.!There!is!nothing!wrong!with!that! status,!but!Foster!seems!to!make!it!known!in!odd!ways,!as!if!trying!to!prove!that!he!is!different!from!all! those!other!exVpats!working!in!South!Africa.!Despite!these!flaws,!the!overall!result!is!one!that!is!thoughtV provoking!and!worth!reading.!Should!this!be!the!first!and!last!book!you!read!about!South!Africa?!No.!But,! if!you!want!to!start!somewhere!accessible!or!if!you've!spent!time!in!the!country!and!want!another! perspective!on!what!has!been!taking!place!over!the!past!fifteen!years,!then!After!Mandela!fits!the!bill.!!! ! *These!facts!are!assembled!by! clicking!on!the!first!Google!Search! article,!regardless!of!origin.!! Facts$You$Don’t$Care$About$ By$Alyssa$Shumaker$ Top$5$Christmas$Movies$of$All$Time! This!month’s!list!is!brought!to!you!by….Forbes.com!!While!Reader’s!Digest!Canada!was!the!second!result! on!our!search,!unfortunately!(le!sigh),!we!cannot!share!that! list!with!you.!!So,!from!the!mind!of!some!dude!called!Mark! Next,$comin g$in$at$Num Hughes,!but!with!my!comments.! ber$3 I$guess$can$m $is$a$movie$that$$ ake$SOME$s And$now$the$part$that$makes$no$sense:$ ense:$ ! …$ 3.#The#Nightm Here$we$go are#Befo as#Story! 5.#A#Christm never! While!I!have! ovie! watched!this!m ! g!to from!beginnin S! end!(WHAT!I H!ME,!I! WRONG!WIT !doesn’t! KNOW),!who ial!Red! want!an!Offic eVAction! Ryder!Carbin VShot! TwoVHundred !Air! Range!Model lly!to! Rifle?!Especia esky! shoot!some!p he!foot! children!in!t u!for! for!asking!yo birr?! ! re#Christmas! ! People!seem!to 4.#1941! !really!like!this! m ovie,! ! although!I!find Apparently!a!movie!directed!by!Steven! !Tim!Burton’s!c haracters! ! creepy.!Their!e Spielberg!that!is,!“not!just!one!of!the!best! yes!are!just!way !too!big— ! like!caricature Christmas!films,!but!one!of!the!best! s!of!Zooey!Des chanel!(but! ! with!her!it’s!m comedies!ever!made.”!Okkkk….! ore!adorable). ! ! ! ! And$let’s$contin ue ! $top$$ movies$that$mak$with$the$$ ’$and$Forbes.com e$no$sense:$ ! or$Mark$Hughes me…$ And$now$f ! as$Movie$of$All$Ti ! 2.#Brazil! r$the$Best$Christm pick$fo ! What?! ! !this! 1.#Die#Hard! ! What?! le!I’ve!never!seen t.!You!read!it.!Whi That’s!righ "White" ! The,!“…ultimate!in!animated couldn’t!go!with!A ! ovie!either,!Mark! m It’s"a" ! awesomeness,!brilliantly! 34th"Street,!or!the! stmas,"Miracle"on" ut!the! Chri ! realized!in!visuals,!music,!an ard.!A!movie!abo d! rful"Life?!N o,!Die!H ot!only! Wonde ! storytelling.”!Well,!I!have! se!title!suggests!n fe,!or!a!movie!who value!of!li !Christmas.!! ! always!wanted!to!visit!Rio…! d.!Ah,!the!spirit!of perishing!but!har !! ! ! We#would#love#submissions#of#random#Top#5#lists#as#provided#by# ! Google#(with#your#comments).#Send#to:#ishibekka@gmail.com.# ! ! ! !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page 15! The
  • 17. Hard Drive Party Pre!Game%Ritual" By#Brenden#Boland" Without'your'daily'dose'of'SportsCenter!or#your#favorite#team,#it's#possible#that#life#in#the#bush#has# washed'away'your'fanaticism'or'diminished'your'devotion'to'sport.'With'the'final'match"ups$between$ Nigeria'and'Ethiopia'long'over,'you'may'want'to'brush"up#on#your#pregame#etiquette#–!there’s'always& next%year.%Fear%not%dear%friend,%in%several%easy%steps%you%too%can%become%a%wicked%Walia%hooligan.! ! Step%1:%Wear%Your%Colors."If"you"haven't"purchased"the"latest"Abibas,"don't"fret."Wrap"your"green"rain" coat%around%your%waist%or%your%yellow%towel%around&your&head&and&you'll&fit&right&in.&With&sports,& clashing)colors)count)as)long)as)they)aren't)the)opposing)team's.)! And$if$you$somehow$find$your$wardrobe$lacking$all$three!primary'colors,'walk'outside'at!noon#and# you'll&find&several&shimmering&men&with"toothy"grins"who"will"be"more"than"happy"to"paint"your" face,&chest,&and&more&(if&you&pay&extra)&so&you&too&can&sparkle&with&Ethio&pride.&! ! Step%2:%Drink."Even"if"“sports"aren't"your"thing,”"no"one"can"deny"the"pleasure"of"grabbing"a" jambo!on#a#warm#Saturday$afternoon.$And$no$sporting$event$is$complete$without$beer$(BYU$ games&excluded).&Put&passions&together&by&grabbing&a&few&cold&ones&hours&before&the&game&to&liven& your%spirits%by%kickoff.%You%don't%need%to%start%at%8%am%like%your%neighbor,%but%it%doesn't!hurt.&&! ! Step%3:%Jam."Every"game"day"needs"the"right"playlist."Here's"a"pregame"playlist"filled"with"Stadium" Anthems(from(home(to(evoke(the(game(day(spirit(and(prepare(you(to(join(the(throng(at(your(local( DSTV%house.%! Pregame'Playlist! Alternates:! 1.#Eminiem,#“Loose%Yourself”! Isley&Brothers,&“Shout”! 2.#Tag!Team,&“Whoop%There%It%Is”! House&of&Pain,&“Jump& !3.#Guns#N'#Roses,#“Welcome#to#the#Jungle”! Around”! 4.#T.I.,#“Bring#Em#Out”#/#Kanye,#“Stronger”! Ray$Charles,(“Hit%the% !5.#Vengaboys,#“We#Like#To#Party”! Road%Jack”! 6.#Zombie#Nation,#“Kernkraft)400”/#Darude,#! Queen,&“We$Will$Rock$ “Sandstorm”! You”%! 7.#Blur,#“Song%2”! Survivor,(“Eye%of%the% 8.#Journey,#“Don't#Stop#Believin'”! Tiger”! 9.#Insert'Local'Stadium'! The$Rolling$Stones,$ Anthem:"Wiz"Kalifa,!“Black&! “Start&Me&Up”! and$Yellow$(Pittsburgh)”"/"! C+C#Music#Factory,# Jay$Z$ft$Rihanna,!“Empire'State'of'! “Gonna&Make&You& Mind%(New%York)”"/"! Sweat&(Everybody& Neil%Diamond,!“Sweet%Caroline%! Dance&Now)”! (Boston)”"/"San"Quinn"! ft#Trazzamillion,#“SF#Anthem”! 10.$Teddy%Afro,!“Meret&Simeta&Waalia”&(Written! after&for&the&first&World&Cup&qualifying&match,&this& football'anthem'returns'Teddy'to'his'original' form,&pop!reggae,&fitting&for&pre!game% preparations*or*a*post!game%celebration!)" ! ! ! ! !Ishi Bekka!Chronicle!!!!!Page 16! The