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Aids And Child Nutrition In Africa

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  • 1. AIDS and Child Nutrition in Africa A closer look at how AIDS affects children in all aspects of their lives.
  • 2. AIDS in Africa
    • Africa is a country stricken with poverty and malnutrition.
    • A vast number of children become infected with HIV/AIDS in Africa each year.
    • Many more children who are not directly infected with HIV/AIDS are indirectly affected by the epidemic.
    • 90% of all children living with HIV acquired the infection from their mothers at birth. 2
    • In Africa, 1/3 of the newborns infected die before the age of one, over half die before their second birthday and most are dead by 5 years old. 5
    • In developed countries they have preventative measures so the children will not be infected at birth, so transmission is rare and survival rate is high. 5
  • 3. AIDS in Africa Cont.
    • Only 23% of AIDS victims are receiving adequate care and treatment. 3
    • The impact of AIDS is compounded by the fact that many families live in communities and villages which are already disadvantaged by poverty, poor infrastructure and limited access to basic services.
    • The AIDS epidemic not only deals with the health consequences of the disease but also the effects on poverty, economy, education, women’s status and the cycle of all of them interconnected.
    • Believe it or not this epidemic could have been prevented if there was proper education, nutrition, health services and equality.
  • 4. Effects of HIV/AIDS on Children’s Family
    • Children live with family members who are infected.
    • Children act as care givers for sick parents and other family members.
    • Many children lose one or both parents due to the illness.
    • Children end up being the families principal wage earner.
    • AIDS erodes traditional community support systems.
    • When children are put into this position there is very little income coming in which drives the family deeper into poverty creating more malnutrition and the inability to provide medical attention.
  • 5. Effects of HIV/AIDS on Families
    • Children take on new responsibilities such as: cooking, cleaning, carrying water and laundry, care giving such as feeding, bathing, giving medication, childcare duties and agricultural duties. 3
    • The child’s school attendance drops due to the list above.
    • The lack of education of the family is also a disadvantage to make things better. They do not have the means to have a quality of life and the illness makes it even that much worse.
    • The extended family takes in children who have lost their parents but they themselves are struggling to feed their own family and it then puts that family at more of a disadvantage.
    • Again the cycle continues.
  • 6. Effects of HIV/AIDS on a child’s community
    • AIDS ravages a community…schools lose teachers and therefore the children lose an education.
    • Doctors and nurses die and therefore people do not have adequate medical attention.
    • Children are stigmatized and out- casted in society.
    • Poor education, nutrition and healthcare all aid in the transmission and affects of HIV/AIDS. 3
    • Elders are unable to provide for the children whom cannot provide for themselves as it is.
    • Systems, structures and traditions that hold the community together start to deteriorate making conditions even worse.
  • 7. Problems for children with HIV/AIDS
    • Illness and death unless treated
    • Severe malnutrition and immune systems become worse and worse and children do not have the nutrition or healthcare to prevent illness or sustain health.
    • Children lack education and are forced out of education and do not have the means to provide for a future and continue the cycle.
    • Children become orphans then depend on places (organizations and orphanages) that are overwhelmed with children and are unable to yet again give the adequate care. 4
    • There is a close correlation between child morbidity and quality of parenting.
    • Orphaned children receive poorer care and reduced access to modern medicine.
    • Often times orphans and care givers are uniformed about nutrition, treatment of things such as diarrhea and recognition of illness so there condition worsens.
  • 8. Consequences of HIV/AIDS (direct and indirect) 1
  • 9. Consequences continued
    • Previous slide shows how everything is connected and how it affects other aspects of their lives.
    • The state of a child is not only affected by being infected themselves but affected by the epidemic and those infected around them.
    • The slide lists out the economic issues at hand as well as the issues that the child will face if they do not have a care giver.
  • 10. Africa’s Orphans
    • 12 million children are orphaned in Africa due to the epidemic of AIDS. 2
    • Orphans are those who have lost one or both of their parents.
    • They are forced into poverty or even deeper into poverty.
    • Forced to leave school and their hope for better life than the one they have in the present.
    • Without an education they cannot obtain a decent enough job to support themselves with quality and standards.
    • They do not have access to medicine and modern healthcare.
    • All the above drives them deeper into the cycle of poverty and the likelihood of contracting HIV/AIDS becomes greater.
    • Once a child in Africa contracts the disease it is a rarity that they live long due to the above.
    • Children become homeless, beggars, solicited, and commit crimes. 2
    • They lack supervision and a stable home.
    • They also lack the skills to provide for themselves ( this is true whether the child has HIV or not, all of the above is true for most children in Africa)
  • 11. Issues Besides Nutrition
    • Nutrition is of course a big issue for a country that already is disadvantaged in this area. HIV/AIDS compounds the malnutrition and starvation problem already occurring in this third world country.
    • The issue of inequality in education is a major concern.
      • Women are the ones suffering in the education area and they are the main caregivers to children and are the ones most likely to have HIV/AIDS.
      • They are unaware of the transmission of the disease and also prevention of the disease
    • Living conditions are well below satisfactory, unsanitary and in a lot of cases contribute to the health of the children
    • Poor international aid and follow through of the aid that is offered.
      • Both nutritional aid and medical aid
    • POVERTY is a main issue, it is the cycle that keeps on going.
      • The cycle keeps going as does the epidemic and the death of millions of children from lack of food and sanitary conditions.
      • If a child had proper nutrition and better healthcare they maybe able to live longer and the bodies immune system could fight off infections and disease.
      • With low income they are unable to provide and sustain
      • Poverty leads to poor nutrition, education, social structures.
  • 12. Issues Cont.
    • Africa has a society dominated by men, definite equality issues.
      • Men are better educated
      • Men have more power
      • Men control the sexual relations
    • Women need to be educated about health and nutrition and the transmission of HIV/AIDS.
    • If a mother is ill she herself is not getting proper nutrition and she may think she is but is not. This thought process can lead to her under nourishing her children.
  • 13. What can be done?
    • The main way to prevent the epidemic is to prevent mother-to-child transmission through education and proper healthcare.
    • Sustained effort and planning for hunger and treatment.
    • Address the educational and healthcare issues of children and their families.
    • Provide centers for those affected by the epidemic that are sanitary and of quality.
    • Make sure the Aid is getting to those who need it.
    • Address the epidemic at all levels (education, equality etc.)
    • Give Africa the tools to educate, prevent and medicate.
    • More commitment to a better economy, living standards & conditions from the Government
  • 14. What Can Be Done?
    • Africa’s government and aid agencies need to keep up with the needs of the people and are not at this time.
    • Coordinate an international, national, and local response.
    • Make sure there are enough human resources available to accomplish goals.
    • Make medicine and education more affordable and available.
    • With funding, trained staff and resources many deaths of infants, children and adults might be avoided.
    • Use of sterile medical equipment and screened blood products.
    • EDUCATION
      • Plays vital role in every aspect of their lives
      • More education leads to less poverty, better nutrition and slows spread of disease.
      • Essential on breaking the cycle.
    • Prevent Drug use and sexual activity and education in that area
    • Provide the necessary medicine and nutritional care essential for treatment
  • 15. Organizations
    • The Red Campaign
    • Sex education
    • Education
    • Red Cross
    • Government and religious relief organizations
    • A lot out there, there just needs to be a sense of urgency in the help and how much help they really need.
  • 16. Questions to Ask
    • This is a moral question as well as a question of RIGHTS.
    • Imagine if this were taking place in the U.S. on the large scale it is in Africa…Wouldn’t we want help?
    • If they are not given aid and the tools to better their lives and situation it will only get worse.
    • We have an obligation to share our wealth of knowledge, healthcare, education and food aid.
    • Why can’t they have the same as us? Awareness and a fighting chance.
    • Children are our future and unless something is done to help strengthen this country then Africa will have a bleak future.
  • 17. Sources
    • 1.) Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, cited in Foster & Williamson, 2000—Slide #8
    • 2.) “A Review of current literature of the impact of HIV/AIDS on Children in sub-Saharan Africa”, Foster & Williamson, 2000.
    • 3.)”Aids Orphans: Facing Africa’s ‘Silent Cries’”, Michael Fleshman, 2001. un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec
    • 4.) “Aids Orphans”, www.avert.org/aidsorphans.htm
    • 5.) “HIV and AIDS in Africa”, www.avert.org/aafrica.htm