• Also known as Holy Communion Sacrament
of the altar blessed sacrament and the Lord’s
• The Greek word “Eucharistia” meaning
• Means blessing (Berakhah in Hebrew)
• Holy communion from the word itself
“sharing in common”.
• “Agape” – love feast
I. Introductory Rites
• The entrance hymn is the first of the 4
proper hymns sung during mass.
• The procession leads with the altar cross
followed by the candles, the Book of the
Gospels, and lastly the priest.
• The cross must be present at or near the
altar of the Sacrifice. The cross depicts the
sacrifice f the cross and made present at the
• Greeting - with the crowd standing, the
priest and the faithful make the sign of
the cross. Then the priest greets the
crowd with “The Lord be with you”.
We respond by saying “And also with
• The Penitential Rite- We reflect on our
sins and ask God to forgive them. This
is a general absolution and cannot
replace going to confession.
• Kyrie - Lord Have Mercy, Christ
Have Mercy, Lord Have Mercy.
• Gloria- Glory in the Highest. This
is a song of thanks and praise.
• Opening Prayer- The priest invites
us to pray in silence.
II. Liturgy of the Word
• The Lectionary- Specifies the readings that
are read in a certain date. The first reading
comes from the Old Testament. The
second reading comes from the New
Testament and the Gospel comes from the
writers Matthew, Mark, Luke or John.
• Responsorial Psalm- They are read or sung
during the first and second reading.
• Homily - Where the priest explains the
readings to the people, and give the people
some words of wisdom.
• Profession of Faith- The desire to unite the
people proclaiming their loyalty to the faith
before they begin to celebrate the
• General Intercessions- we ask for the needs
of the church, for public authorities and
the salvation of the world. For those
oppressed and the local community.
III. Liturgy of the Eucharist
• Preparation of the gifts- This is the time
when the bread and wine are presented to
God before they are consecrated.
• Lavabo -The Right of hand washing
• Prayer over gifts- This breaks the stillness
and silence after the Lavabo, as invitation
to pray and claim ownership of the
• Eucharist Prayer
a. The preface- The lord be with you.
This is an introductory prayer and gives us
reason for our Thanksgiving.
b. The Sanctus- We fall on our knees in
awe because we are in the presence of the
c. Epiclesis - invocation of God to send
the Holy Spirit to change the bread and
wine to the Body and Blood of Jesus.
d. The consecration- When the
bread and wine is changed to the Body
and Blood of Jesus.
e. The Transubstantiation- When
the priest shows the congregation the
transformed Bread and Wine.
• Memorial Acclamation- When the
congregation proclaims the Mystery of
Faith: Christ has died, Christ has risen,
Christ will come again.
• Remembrance - We call to mind the
death and resurrection of Jesus.
• Offering - We call on God to offer the
sacrifice in union with all the sacrifices in
• Intercessions - The priest intercedes with
the father. We pray for those who have
departed and we pray for us sinners.
• Final Doxology- The priest lifts the host
and the chalice proclaiming the
doxology, the words of praise linking the
Father, Son and Holy Sprit.
IV. Communion Rites
• The Lords Prayer- The communion rite begins
with the Our Father Prayer.
• Embolism -When we give peace to our
• The Fraction - When the priest breaks the
bread. The purpose is to symbolize Jesus
breaking bread at the last supper.
• The Commingling - When the priest puts a
piece of the host in the wine.
• Agnus Dei - When the priest breaks the bread
during the singing of the lamb of God.
• Communion - When we receive the
• Silence After Communion – Take time to
praise and thank God. We mediate and say
prayers to ourselves.
• Prayer After Communion- When the priest
invites the congregation to pray and prepare
for the Concluding Rite.
V. Concluding Rites
• Final Blessing- For the last time the priest
and the people exchange greetings.
• Announcements - When the priest has
anything to say about events in the parish.
• Dismissal - The mass ends with the solemn
blessing of the congregation.