AREA IN SQ.
Being the largest continent in
size and population, Asia consists of
almost one-third of the world’s land
area and is populated by about threefourths of the people in the world.
Asia boasts of a wide range of
topography, from the frozen Arctic
to the hot tropics, and it is also a
traditions, and religions.
The most important economic
activity in Asia is agriculture,
and most of the working class in
agriculture. The chief crops are
rice and wheat. Fishing is also a
main source of livelihood.
Main industries in Asia
include food processing, sugar
refining, and industries for
cars, electronic equipment,
steel, ships, and textiles.
Tourism also serves as major
industry, with the many
Africa consists of more than
50 independent countries, and
features forests, deserts and
grasslands. Most countries in
populated, except for Nigeria
with a population of over 100
Most countries in Africa
are underdeveloped except
for the Republic of South
Africa. The most viable
economic activity in the
which gives employment for
This is home to such countries
as the United States, Canada,
Greenland, and Mexico. This
triangular-shaped continent is
bordered by the Arctic, Pacific,
and Atlantic oceans. Fertile soil
and a good climate make the area
favorable to agriculture.
manufacturing. Some of its
chemical products, motorcars
and parts, aircrafts, computers,
fertilizer. North America can be
considered a one of the most
developed continents in the
It is found directly below
North America. Among the
countries in South America
which are among the most
developed nations in the
depend on agriculture and mining
for their needs as well as for exports.
Agriculture provides them with such
exports as grains, coffee, sugar, and
computers, television sets, and
vehicles, as well as furniture,
provides them with petroleum, zinc,
gold, iron, lead, and copper.
Forestry in South America is
one of the largest in the
world, providing them with
mahogany, rosewood, and
charcoal. Fishing is also an
active industry especially in
Chile and Peru.
around the South Pole which
is covered with ice. Because
of the freezing temperature,
there are no groups of people
that populate the island, but
only teams or expeditions of
scientists are present.
Europe is one of the leading
continents in in terms of economic
development. Although Europe is
the second smallest continent, many
nations consisting it are considered
Germany, Italy, France, and the
United Kingdom, among others.
The highly developed economy
of the continent is mainly based
on manufacturing, and its
manufactured products include
railways, cars, machinery, steel,
computers, electronics, and
many other products of today’s
provides them with oil, iron
ore, coal, nickel, silver, and lead.
This is considered the smallest
continent in the world. At the same
time, Australia is also a country. Australia
lies on the southern part of the world, and
is often referred to by the term “down
under”. It is one of the most developed
continents and also one of the most
progressive countries mainly because of the
export of manufactured goods.
farms need only minimal
labor force. Because of the
raising of sheep, Australia
also has a developed wool
industry. Minerals that are
include gold, lead, zinc,
manganese, iron, tin, opal,
Another one of the top industries
in Australia is its tourism
industry, which continues to grow
mainly because of the continent’s
natural beauty, sandy beaches, and
unique wildlife, represented by
the famous kangaroo. More than a
million tourists visit the continent
more than 7,100 islands, and is
located off the southeast coast
of Asia. It has an area of
300,00 sq. km., with three
island groups: Luzon, Visayas,
The climate of the Philippines is
generally divided into the dry and wet
seasons. Based on the distribution of
rainfall, the climate in the country can
be classified as follows:
•Type I: Two pronounced seasons with
maximum rain period from June to
September and a dry season which
lasts from three to seven months.
•Type II: No dry season with a very
pronounced maximum rain period
from December to February.
•Type III: No pronounced
maximum rain period with a
short dry season lasting only
from one to three months.
•Type IV: Rainfall more or
throughout the year.
Typhoons usually come from
June to December, and it is
from July to September when
they come most frequently.
These typhoons sometimes
infrastructure, creating a big
damage to the economy.
A large part of the Philippines
consists of fertile plains, and these are
agriculture a major part of the
economy. The leading crops produced
rice, corn, banana, coconuts, mangoes,
cane, pineapples, coffee, and abaca (a
kind of hemp). Livestock such as
cattle, pigs, goats, and poultry are
raised not only in the farm but also in
common household backyards.
Forests, which cover about
half of the country, have
mangroves, pines, bamboos, an
d mahoganies. From these
come timber and fibre used in
upholstery, and baskets and
Mineral resources are
country, and some are even
exported. Some of the rich
mineral deposits in the
Philippines include those of
gold, iron, copper, nickel, p
latinum, manganese, lead, z
inc, and cobalt.
surrounding the archipelago
abundant fishing resources
such as sardines, mackerel,
tuna, anchovies, and other
seafood such as shrimps and
shellfish. Fish farming by
small businessmen produces
milkfish and tilapia.
The Philippines is also into
products and goods, which
includes food and beverages,
cigars, chemicals, clothing,
wood products, and textiles.