Is the overall arrangement of all the visual elements of a work of art.
Is a skill that takes some careful study to master.
THE ART PRINCIPLE OF HARMONY
Refers to a way of combining similarities. Visual
harmony is achieved when all of the art
elements within a work of art blend together on
a pleasant, comprehensive, and unified whole.
A harmonious work of art might use only
organic or only geometric shapes and lines to
create a unified composition. Using all cool or all
warm colors would help to produce a harmonious
work of art.
Unity is the hallmark of a good design. It's the final result in a composition when all the design elements work harmoniously together giving the viewer a satisfying sense of belonging and relationship.
THE ART PRINCIPLE OF BALANCE
This refers to the way in which visual weight is
distributed throughout a composition.
Compositions can display either symmetrical,
or radial balance.
Balance refers to a composition
in which the visual weight is
perfectly and evenly distributed
each side of the artwork.
A symmetrical composition can
be divided down the center and
each side will be close to a
mirror image of the other.
Balance refers to those
compositions in which the
visual weight is not evenly
distributed to both sides of the
work of art. Asymmetrical
artworks will have dominant
side in which the majority of the
visual weight is placed.
Balance occurs when objects are
Positioned around a central point. The
daisy, with its petals radiating from the
center of the flower, is a good example.
Notice how the stained-glass window
was designed using radial balance.
THE ART PRINCIPLE OF RHYTHM
Rhythm refers to the use of visual repetition
within a work of art. Repeating visual elements
can create visual energy and interest.
Rhythm can also be referred to as pattern.
Patterns within an artwork are created by
repeating certain colors, line or shapes in
specific areas. Rhythm can be used to create
texture and variety within a work of art
Influenced of Vincent van Gogh artwork.
THE ART PRINCIPLE OF VARIETY
Variety is a way of combining elements in
involved ways to create intricate and
complicated relationships. Variety is
accomplished by using differing lines, shapes,
and colors within an artwork to make key areas
THE ART PRINCIPLE OF MOVEMENT
Movement refers to how the designs direct our
eyes when looking at it. It does not refer to a
depiction of movement within an artwork.
Because of this, movement can be referred to
as visual movement.
An artist creates visual movement to drive the
eye to the focal point of the artwork.
Movement is the path our eyes follow when we look at a work of art. The purpose of movement is to create unity in the artwork with eye travel.
THE ART PRINCIPLE OF EMPHASIS
Emphasis refers to the need of an artist to
create a focal point within a composition. The
focal point is the most important part of a work
of art and the viewer’s eye should be drawn to
The point that is emphasized is the part of the
painting, drawing, or sculpture that the artist
feels is the most important. In a portrait, the
focal point will almost always be the eyes of the
subject. Using a contrasting colors can also help to
emphasize a focal point.
Emphasis is the stressing of a particular area of focus
In this painting it is easy to see how the artist used light to emphasize the chef. He stands out as the main focal point of the entire the painting.
THE ART PRINCIPLE OF PROPORTION
Proportion is concerned with the relationship of
certain elements to the whole and to each
other. Artist must make sure that the relative
sizes of items within a composition make
Harmony Good Harmony Lack Harmony The shape of one part should “fit” the shape of its adjoining elements
Example of principle of variety
Analyze your own Sunday dress/ clothes of you
favorite personality/dress of your teacher using
the elements and principles of art and design.
(e.g., color symbolism, fabric connotations,
labels.) You could also relate dress to
personality. (e.g., how does a person’s attire
express her/his personality?)
MAKING A JOURNAL ENTRY
Look for small reproductions of work of art in newspaper or magazines from your school library.
Respond to this work, using the vocabulary associated with the visual elements and principles of art and design.
Use the space below for your writing. Do not forget the date of your entry.,