1 | P a g e
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) IN ARCHITECTURE
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION (ARC 1523)
PROJECT 2: BUILDING CONSTRUCTIO...
2 | P a g e
WEEKLY CONSTRUCTION PROCEDUDE
1. EARTH WORK
2. FOUNDATION
3. OUTSIDE PLUMBING
4. BEAM AND COLUMNS
5. SLAB
6. I...
3 | P a g e
WEEK 1
Construction Activity 1: Earthwork
Duration: 6 Days
Skilled worker: Land surveyor (1), land surveyor as...
4 | P a g e
WEEK 5
Construction Activity 1: Earthwork
Duration: 6 Days
Equipment: Vibrating plate compactor (1), backhoe (...
5 | P a g e
WEEK 7
Construction Activity 1: Underground Service
Duration: 9-14 days
Materials: Metal conduit, Steel/Alumin...
6 | P a g e
WEEK 8
Construction activity 1: Set up formwork for pile cap (Grid 2-5; 7-12)
Duration: 2 days
Material: Plywo...
7 | P a g e
WEEK 10
Construction activity 1: Set up formwork for column stump (Grid 1-6;
7-12)
Duration: 2 days
Material: ...
8 | P a g e
WEEK 12
Construction Activity 1: Ground beam (Grid 1, 4-6; 7-9, 11-12)
Duration: 6 Days
Materials: Concrete Gr...
9 | P a g e
WEEK 13
Construction Activity 1: Slab Plumbing Installation
Duration: 4 days
Materials: PVC pipes, PVC pipe fi...
10 | P a g e
WEEK 14
Construction Activity 1: Ground Floor Slab
Duration: 6 Days
Materials: Plywood formwork
Equipment: Di...
11 | P a g e
WEEK 16
Construction Activity 2: Ground Floor Columns (Grid 1-5; 7-12)
Duration: 6 Days
Materials: Concrete G...
12 | P a g e
WEEK 17
Construction Activity 1: First Floor Beam (Grid 5-6; 7-9, 11, 12)
Duration: 3 Days
Materials: Concret...
13 | P a g e
WEEK 18
Construction Activity 1: First Floor Columns (Grid 4-5; 8-12)
Duration: 3 Days
Materials: Concrete Gr...
14 | P a g e
WEEK 19
Construction Activity 2: Second Floor Beam (Grid 4-5; 8-9, 11-12)
Duration: 3 Days
Materials: Concret...
15 | P a g e
WEEK 20
Construction Activity 1: First Floor Slab
Duration: 6 Days
Materials: Plywood formwork
Equipment: Dip...
16 | P a g e
WEEK 21
Construction Activity 1: Second Floor Columns (Grid 1-2, 4-5)
Duration: 3 Days
Materials: Concrete Gr...
17 | P a g e
WEEK 22
Construction Activity 1: Third Floor Beam (Grid 4-5; 7-12)
Duration: 3 Days
Materials: Concrete Grade...
18 | P a g e
WEEK 23
Construction Activity 1: Second Floor Slab
Duration: 3 Days
Materials: Plywood formwork
Equipment: Di...
19 | P a g e
WEEK 24
Construction Activity 1: Staircase (Grid 1-2; 9-10)
Duration: 3 Days
Materials: Ply Woods, Timber Bat...
20 | P a g e
WEEK 25
Construction Activity 1: Staircase (Grid 1-2; 9-10)
Duration: 2 Days
Materials: Hook, NLT 25’, VERT R...
21 | P a g e
WEEK 28
WEEK 29
22 | P a g e
WEEK 28, 29 & 30
Construction Activity 1: Brickwork
Duration: 5 days
Materials: Red Burnt Clay Bricks, Cement...
23 | P a g e
WEEK 31
Construction Activity 1: Roof (Grid 1, 3, 5)
Duration: 6 Days
Materials: Meranti timber formwork, met...
24 | P a g e
WEEK 32
Construction Activity 1: Electrical wiring
Duration: 4-6 days (approximately depending on building fr...
25 | P a g e
WEEK 33
Construction Activity 1: Installation of door frame
Duration: 2 days
Materials: Screws, ‘L’ bracket, ...
26 | P a g e
WEEK 34
Construction Activity 1: Rough Plumbing Installation
Duration: 4 days
Materials: cast iron pipe, galv...
27 | P a g e
WEEK 35
Construction Activity 1: Roof (Grid 1, 3, 5)
Duration: 2 Days
Materials: Meranti timber formwork
Equi...
28 | P a g e
WEEK 36
Construction Activity 1: Roof (Grid 1-7)
Duration: 6 Days
Materials: Metal trusses
Equipment: Crane (...
29 | P a g e
WEEK 37
Construction Activity 1: Roof (Grid 7-14)
Duration: 3 Days
Materials: Chicken netting
Equipment: Meas...
30 | P a g e
WEEK 38
Construction Activity 1: Roof (Grid 1-7)
Duration: 6 Days
Materials: Metal batten strips (aluminium)
...
31 | P a g e
WEEK 39
WEEK 40
32 | P a g e
WEEK 39, 40 & 41
Construction Activity 1: Brickwork – Rendering
Duration: 3 Days
Materials: Red Burnt Clay Br...
33 | P a g e
WEEK 42
Construction Activity 1: Roof (Grid 1, 3, 5)
Duration: 6 Days
Materials: Ridge metal (aluminium), rid...
34 | P a g e
WEEK 43
Construction Activity 1: Installation of window
Duration: 3 days
Materials: Required windows, backer ...
35 | P a g e
WEEK 44
Construction Activity 3: Installation of door trim
Duration: 3 days
Materials: nails, door trim panel...
36 | P a g e
WEEK 45
Construction Activity 1: Bathroom Equipment Installation
Duration: 2 days
Materials: Sockets, Heaters...
37 | P a g e
WEEK 46
Construction Activity 1: Paint work
Duration: 2 days
Materials: Wood paints
Equipment: Paint brushes,...
38 | P a g e
WEEK 47
Construction Activity 1: Installation of receptacle
Duration: 1 day
Materials: Nickel/silver, berylli...
39 | P a g e
WEEK 48
Construction Activity 1: Installation of Drywall
Duration: 6-9 days
Materials: Gypsum board
Equipment...
40 | P a g e
WEEK 51 & 52
Construction Activity 1: Cleaning
Duration: 14 days
Materials: -
Equipment: -
Skilled worker: Ge...
41 | P a g e
42 | P a g e
Bibliography
A Sample Construction Schedule and Custom Home Building Time-Line -
B4UBUILD.COM. (2013, January...
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B.con final

  1. 1. 1 | P a g e BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) IN ARCHITECTURE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION (ARC 1523) PROJECT 2: BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND ACTIVITIES 3-STOREY BUNGALOWS YAP ZHONG LIN 0310557
  2. 2. 2 | P a g e WEEKLY CONSTRUCTION PROCEDUDE 1. EARTH WORK 2. FOUNDATION 3. OUTSIDE PLUMBING 4. BEAM AND COLUMNS 5. SLAB 6. INSLIDE PLUMBING 7. BRICKWORK 8. ROOFING 9. ELECTRICAL WIRING 10. DOOR FRAME 11.ROUGH PLUMBING 12.BRICK RENDERING 13. INSTALLATION OF WINDOW AND DOORS 14. INSTALLATION OF BATHROOM EQUIPMENT 15. PAINTWORK 16. INSTALLATION OF RECEPTACLE 17. INSTALLATION OF DRYWALL 18. EXTERIOR LANDSCAPING 19. CLEANING
  3. 3. 3 | P a g e WEEK 1 Construction Activity 1: Earthwork Duration: 6 Days Skilled worker: Land surveyor (1), land surveyor assistant (1), civil engineer (1), civil engineer assistant (1) Technical information: Survey topography for measurement of earthwork quantities. WEEK 2 Construction Activity 1: Earthwork Duration: 6 Days Equipment: Backhoe (1), excavator (1), dumper (1) Skilled worker: Backhoe operator (1), dumper operator (1), general worker (1) Technical information: Site is cleared of trees, topsoil, shrubs and rubbish. WEEK 3 & 4 Construction Activity 1: Earthwork Duration: 12 Days Equipment: Portable penetrometer (1) Skilled worker: Geotechnical engineer (1), geotechnical engineer assistant (1), civil engineer (1), civil engineer assistant (1) Technical information: Mackintosh Probe (MP) test carried out for testing soft soils and determining suitable materials.
  4. 4. 4 | P a g e WEEK 5 Construction Activity 1: Earthwork Duration: 6 Days Equipment: Vibrating plate compactor (1), backhoe (1), excavator (1), paver (1), dumper (1) Skilled worker: Backhoe operator (1), excavator operator (1), paver (1), dumper operator (1), general worker (1) Technical information: Site is excavated to required lengths, depths, breadths, inclinations and curvatures WEEK 6 Construction Activity 1: Earthwork Duration: 6 Days Materials: Timber formwork, gravel Equipment: Table saw (2), shovel (2), long tape measurer, steel tape, strong threads, wire nails, theodolite, wooden pegs, drill hammer Skilled worker: Carpenter (2), general worker (1) Technical information: Filling materials to lines, levels and grades required to complete permanent construction.
  5. 5. 5 | P a g e WEEK 7 Construction Activity 1: Underground Service Duration: 9-14 days Materials: Metal conduit, Steel/Aluminium tubing or PVC tubing Equipment: Plow Chute, Winch Skilled worker: Contractor (1), General worker (2) Technical information: Point of connection to the utility wiring is buried in the ground at a depth that protects conductors from physical damage and physical contact. Burying cable preinstalled in cable-in-conduit (CIC) offers greater physical protection against environment, abrasion, rocks, etc. than direct burial, which can prolong the life of the cable. Construction Activity 2: Installation of main electrical panel Duration: 1 day Materials: Sheet steel/cold role steel, breakers, plastic Equipment: Driller, locknut, screw Skilled worker: Electrical Contractor (1), Electrician (1) Technical information: The panel distributes the electricity to all the electrical circuits that are installed in the house. By installing it, the house will be safe from fires or other accidents related to electrical faults because the circuit breakers will turn the power to the house on and off to protect the wiring from damage by “tripping” when an electrical short or over current occurs.
  6. 6. 6 | P a g e WEEK 8 Construction activity 1: Set up formwork for pile cap (Grid 2-5; 7-12) Duration: 2 days Material: Plywood, nails, reinforcement Equipment: hammer, measuring tape, drill, handsaw Skilled worker: general worker (3) Technical information: Set up formwork for pile cap, insert reinforcement for pile cap, and set up the reinforcement for column stump before pouring the concrete. Construction activity 2: Pour concrete into the formwork Duration: 2 days Material: Concrete Equipment: Concrete mixer truck, Skip, Concrete vibrator Skilled worker: Concrete mixer truck operator (1), general worker (3) Technical information: Pour the concrete into the formwork through skip from concrete mixer truck, vibrate and mix the concrete evenly using concrete vibrator to increase its strength by preventing air pockets. WEEK 9 Construction activity 1: Pile cap harden process Duration: 7 days Material: - Equipment: - Skilled worker: - Technical information: Let the concrete pile cap harden for 7 days to wait it mature and sufficient strength, open formwork after completed.
  7. 7. 7 | P a g e WEEK 10 Construction activity 1: Set up formwork for column stump (Grid 1-6; 7-12) Duration: 2 days Material: Plywood nails Equipment: hammer, measuring tape, drill, handsaw Skilled worker: Formwork Carpentry (2) Technical information: Set up formwork for column stump before pouring the concrete. Construction activity 2: Pour concrete into the formwork Duration: 2 days Material: Concrete Equipment: Concrete mixer truck, Skip, Concrete vibrator Skilled worker: Formwork Carpentry (2) Technical information: Pour the concrete into the formwork through skip from concrete mixer truck; vibrate the concrete to increase its strength. WEEK 11 Construction activity 1: Column stump harden process (Grid 1-6; 7-12) Duration: 7 days Material: - Equipment: - Skilled worker: - Technical information: Let the concrete column stump harden for 7 days to wait it mature and sufficient strength, open formwork after completed
  8. 8. 8 | P a g e WEEK 12 Construction Activity 1: Ground beam (Grid 1, 4-6; 7-9, 11-12) Duration: 6 Days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork Equipment: Concrete vibrator (1), bar bending machine (1), table saw, machine mix concrete (1) Skilled worker: Carpenter (4), bar bender (2), general worker (1) Technical information: Determine material, mark the number of form panels, amount of false work, place reinforcement bar, erecting the formwork and false work, propping and cantering, shuttling, provision a camber, brace the wood with stringer and support by struts and cleat, ensure a grout-tight seal, cleaning and surface treatment, slump test for concrete, pour cement concrete
  9. 9. 9 | P a g e WEEK 13 Construction Activity 1: Slab Plumbing Installation Duration: 4 days Materials: PVC pipes, PVC pipe fittings, soft copper tubing, septic tank Equipment: pressure test pump, bobcat, trencher, measuring tape, shovel Skilled worker: Plumber (1), Trencher driver (1) Technical information: dig trenches as needed to run the sewer pipes and water pipes, and should smooth the dirt or sand back when finished.
  10. 10. 10 | P a g e WEEK 14 Construction Activity 1: Ground Floor Slab Duration: 6 Days Materials: Plywood formwork Equipment: Dip-galvanised nails, hammer, measuring tape, table saw Skilled worker: General worker (2), carpenter (1), Technical information: Determine the plan to place slab, constructing slab formwork, propping and cantering, fixing plywood to timber frames, side and bottom shutter of RCC members are fixed, give an upward camber in the horizontal member of concrete, surface treatment, fixed the reinforced steel inside. Thickness range of plywood: 7mm - 32mm Week 15 Construction Activity 1: Ground Floor Slab Duration: 6 Days Materials: Reinforced steel, service pipes, concrete Grade 20 Equipment: Mixer truck (2), concrete vibrator (1), tipper, wheelbarrow Skilled worker: General worker (2), carpenter (2), bar bender (2) Technical information: Install service pipes, fixed the reinforced steel, slump test for concrete, pour cement concrete, striking and dismantling, remove formwork
  11. 11. 11 | P a g e WEEK 16 Construction Activity 2: Ground Floor Columns (Grid 1-5; 7-12) Duration: 6 Days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork Equipment: Concrete vibrator (1), bar bending machine (1), table saw Skilled worker: Carpenter (2), bar bender (2), general worker (1) Technical information: Erection sequence for a column, place reinforcement bar as instructed, position formwork for the column from predetermined grids, securely support using adjustable steel props, safely secured to the column formwork and the floor, and that adjustment for pushing and pulling is operational, set up and transfer column clamp positions from the storey rod onto column formwork, use nails to support the arms of column clamps while wedging, check the formwork at the top for square
  12. 12. 12 | P a g e WEEK 17 Construction Activity 1: First Floor Beam (Grid 5-6; 7-9, 11, 12) Duration: 3 Days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork Equipment: Concrete vibrator (1), bar bending machine (1), table saw, machine mix concrete (1) Skilled worker: Carpenter (4), bar bender (2), general worker (1) Technical information: Determine material, mark the number of form panels, amount of false work, place reinforcement bar, erecti ng the formwork and false work, propping and cantering, shuttling, provision a camber, brace the wood with stringer and support by struts and cleat, ensure a grout-tight seal, cleaning and surface treatment, slump test for concrete, pour cement concrete
  13. 13. 13 | P a g e WEEK 18 Construction Activity 1: First Floor Columns (Grid 4-5; 8-12) Duration: 3 Days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork Equipment: Concrete vibrator (1), bar bending machine (1), table saw Skilled worker: Carpenter (2), bar bender (2), general worker (1) Technical information: Erection sequence for a column, place reinforcement bar as instructed, position formwork for the column from predetermined grids, securely support using adjustable steel props, safely secured to the column formwork and the floor, and that adjustment for pushing and pulling is operational, set up and transfer column clamp positions from the storey rod onto column formwork, use nails to support the arms of column clamps while wedging, check the formwork at the top for square
  14. 14. 14 | P a g e WEEK 19 Construction Activity 2: Second Floor Beam (Grid 4-5; 8-9, 11-12) Duration: 3 Days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork Equipment: Concrete vibrator (1), bar bending machine (1), table saw, machine mix concrete (1) Skilled worker: Carpenter (4), bar bender (2), general worker (1) Technical information: Determine material, mark the number of form panels, amount of false work, place reinforcement bar, erecting the formwork and false work, propping and cantering, shuttling, provision a camber, brace the wood with stringer and support by struts and cleat, ensure a grout-tight seal, cleaning and surface treatment, slump test for concrete, pour cement concrete
  15. 15. 15 | P a g e WEEK 20 Construction Activity 1: First Floor Slab Duration: 6 Days Materials: Plywood formwork Equipment: Dip-galvanised nails, hammer, measuring tape, table saw Skilled worker: General worker (2), carpenter (1), Technical information: Determine the plan to place slab, constructing slab formwork, propping and cantering, fixing plywood to timber frames, side and bottom shutter of RCC members are fixed, give an upward camber in the horizontal member of concrete, surface treatment, fixed the reinforced steel inside. Thickness range of plywood: 7mm - 32mm Construction Activity 2: First Floor Slab Duration: 6 Days Materials: Reinforced steel, service pipes, concrete Grade 20 Equipment: Mixer truck (2), concrete vibrator (1), tipper, wheelbarrow Skilled worker: General worker (2), carpenter (2), bar bender (2) Technical information: Install service pipes, fixed the reinforced steel, slump test for concrete, pour cement concrete, striking and dismantling, remove formwork
  16. 16. 16 | P a g e WEEK 21 Construction Activity 1: Second Floor Columns (Grid 1-2, 4-5) Duration: 3 Days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork Equipment: Concrete vibrator (1), bar bending machine (1), table saw Skilled worker: Carpenter (2), bar bender (2), general worker (1) Technical information: Erection sequence for a column, place reinforcement bar as instructed, position formwork for the column from predetermined grids, securely support using adjustable steel props, safely secured to the column formwork and the floor, and that adjustment for pushing and pulling is operational, set up and transfer column clamp positions from the storey rod onto column formwork, use nails to support the arms of column clamps while wedging, check the formwork at the top for square
  17. 17. 17 | P a g e WEEK 22 Construction Activity 1: Third Floor Beam (Grid 4-5; 7-12) Duration: 3 Days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork Equipment: Concrete vibrator (1), bar bending machine (1), table saw, machine mix concrete (1) Skilled worker: Carpenter (4), bar bender (2), general worker (1) Technical information: Determine material, mark the number of form panels, amount of false work, place reinforcement bar, erecting the formwork and false work, propping and cantering, shuttling, provision a camber, brace the wood with stringer and support by struts and cleat, ensure a grout-tight seal, cleaning and surface treatment, slump test for concrete, pour cement concrete Construction Activity 2: Third Floor Beam (Grid 4-5; 7-12) Duration: 6 Days Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork Equipment: Concrete vibrator (1), bar bending machine (1), table saw, machine mix concrete (1) Skilled worker: Carpenter (2), bar bender (2), general worker (1) Technical information: pour cement concrete, striking and dismantling, remove forming vertical faces, and remove shuttling forming soffit
  18. 18. 18 | P a g e WEEK 23 Construction Activity 1: Second Floor Slab Duration: 3 Days Materials: Plywood formwork Equipment: Dip-galvanised nails, hammer, measuring tape, table saw Skilled worker: General worker (2), carpenter (1), Technical information: Determine the plan to place slab, constructing slab formwork, propping and cantering, fixing plywood to timber frames, side and bottom shutter of RCC members are fixed, give an upward camber in the horizontal member of concrete, surface treatment, fixed the reinforced steel inside. Thickness range of plywood: 7mm - 32mm Construction Activity 2: Second Floor Slab Duration: 3 Days Materials: Reinforced steel, service pipes, concrete Grade 20 Equipment: Mixer truck (2), concrete vibrator (1), tipper, wheelbarrow Skilled worker: General worker (2), carpenter (2), bar bender (2) Technical information: Install service pipes, fixed the reinforced steel, slump test for concrete, pour cement concrete, striking and dismantling, remove formwork
  19. 19. 19 | P a g e WEEK 24 Construction Activity 1: Staircase (Grid 1-2; 9-10) Duration: 3 Days Materials: Ply Woods, Timber Battens Equipment: Measuring Tape, Chalk Line, Drill, Hammer, Hand Saw Skilled worker: Carpenter (1), Joinery (1) Technical information: Make a pitch board with the angle of 30°. Hold pitch board on the side to represent the top of the stair slab and mark the riser and tread Construction Activity 2: Staircase (Grid 1-2; 9-10)) Duration: 3 Days Materials: Timber, Metal or Prefabricated Formwork Equipment: Drill, Hammer, Hand Saw Skilled worker: Bar Benders (1), Formwork Carpenters (1) Technical information: Construct formwork by laying out riser heights and tread widths followed by soffit, joist and stringer lines. Then lay out thickness of risers from boards. Cut and nailed cleats to plank, nail riser form boards to the ends of cleats.
  20. 20. 20 | P a g e WEEK 25 Construction Activity 1: Staircase (Grid 1-2; 9-10) Duration: 2 Days Materials: Hook, NLT 25’, VERT RR pins, rebar wire, cast aluminium, Cast in place sleeve Equipment: Measuring Tape, chalk line, drill, hammer, hand saw Skilled worker: Bar Benders (1), Formwork Carpenters (1) Technical information: To create strong grid of rebar, two or more pieces of rebar cross are joined together. Secure riser form board with cleats attached about an inch above the stairs layout to the slide form. WEEK 26 & 27 Construction Activity 2: Staircase (Grid 1-2; 9-10) Duration: 4 Days Materials: Concrete, Long screws, Nails Equipment: Portable Cement Mixer, Concrete Vibrator, Spade, Screed Board Skilled worker: Carpenters (2) Technical information: Concrete ceiling and stairs pour in the same day to create strong bond between the components. Use long screws and nails to lock together the wooden formwork. After filling the formwork with concrete, mix evenly with concrete vibrator to prevent air pockets. Use straight edge to spread the concrete and circular moves to create even finish. Keep the concrete wet or damp to prevent cracks for up to one week while it cures.
  21. 21. 21 | P a g e WEEK 28 WEEK 29
  22. 22. 22 | P a g e WEEK 28, 29 & 30 Construction Activity 1: Brickwork Duration: 5 days Materials: Red Burnt Clay Bricks, Cement mixer, reinforce mesh Equipment: Rose Brick Trowels, carpenter level, brick jointer Skilled worker: Brick Layers (3), Pointing, cleaning, and caulking workers (1) Technical information: Brickwork process including bricks beds and perpends. The bed is made up with mortar with brick is laid. Perpends is a vertical joint between two bricks filled with mortar. • Bricks of dimensions 215 mm x 102.5 mm × 65 mm; • Mortar beds and perpends of a uniform 10 mm. Wire are used every 3 layers of bricks laid to control mortar shrinkage and crack control due to temperature and pressure extremes, and bond intersecting walls. Brickwork needs to be supported over openings the opening are often supporting by reinforcing steel fully embedded in Portland cement grout. The steel angles, can provide all the support, or be attached to the primary structure such as a reinforced concrete frame, to which the load is transferred. Supporting windows and doors. WEEK 30
  23. 23. 23 | P a g e WEEK 31 Construction Activity 1: Roof (Grid 1, 3, 5) Duration: 6 Days Materials: Meranti timber formwork, metal trusses Equipment: Crane (1), lorry (1), handsaw, driller, dip-galvanised nails, hammer, measuring tape Skilled worker: Roofer (1), general worker (1), crane operator (1), lorry driver (1) Technical information: Check trusses, interior/exterior alignment, prepare clear access to worksite, prepare storage for trusses.
  24. 24. 24 | P a g e WEEK 32 Construction Activity 1: Electrical wiring Duration: 4-6 days (approximately depending on building frame size) Materials: PVC insulated cable, copper/aluminium conductors Equipment: Power strip/ surge protectors, fish tape, flex bits Skilled worker: Electrical Contractor (1), Electrician (2) Technical information: After rough frame is completed, wiring methods have to be installing on or through building framing members such as the interior walls, ceilings and floors. Wiring requirements differ depending on the construction type and building element. E.g. Timber frame, concrete floors, skillion roofs and etc. Construction Activity 2: Installation of main electrical panel Duration: 1 day Materials: Sheet steel/cold role steel, breakers, plastic Equipment: Driller, locknut, screw Skilled worker: Electrical Contractor (1), Electrician (1) Technical information: The panel distributes the electricity to all the electrical circuits that are installed in the house. By installing it, the house will be safe from fires or other accidents related to electrical faults because the circuit breakers will turn the power to the house on and off to protect the wiring from damage by “tripping” when an electrical short or over current occurs.
  25. 25. 25 | P a g e WEEK 33 Construction Activity 1: Installation of door frame Duration: 2 days Materials: Screws, ‘L’ bracket, jambs, striker plate, PVC stopper, head, adaptor bar, brick ties, hinges, spreader bars. Equipment: Safety glasses, utility knife, hammer; caulk gun, level, scaffolding, square ruler, measuring tape, stapler, and screwdriver Skilled worker: general worker (1), door and window installer (2) Technical information: Mark door and bricks area, use timber to prop up door to standing position, use spirit to plumb the frame, secure timber stays with bricks, lay the bricks, place mortar into gap of the brick and frame, insert wire brick ties.
  26. 26. 26 | P a g e WEEK 34 Construction Activity 1: Rough Plumbing Installation Duration: 4 days Materials: cast iron pipe, galvanized iron pipe, and galvanized steel pipe, vitrified clay pipe, PVC pipe, copper tubing, fittings, hangers, insulating materials, oakum Equipment: pressure test pump, clamp tool, measuring tape, electric pipe threaded, steel pipe wrench, flaring pliers, pipe vice, pipe bending machine, pipe cutter Skilled worker: Plumber (1), General worker (1) Technical information: The major categories of plumbing systems or subsystems are potable cold and hot tap water supply, plumbing drainage venting, septic systems, rainwater, surface, and subsurface water drainage, fuel gas piping
  27. 27. 27 | P a g e WEEK 35 Construction Activity 1: Roof (Grid 1, 3, 5) Duration: 2 Days Materials: Meranti timber formwork Equipment: Crane (1), handsaw, driller, dip-galvanised nails, double-headed nails, measuring tape Skilled worker: Roofer (1), general worker (1), carpenter (1), crane operator (1), scaffolder (1) Technical information: Attach bearers to bearer block and wall scab, timber scaffolding. Construction Activity 2: Roof (Grid 1, 3, 5) Duration: 3 Days Materials: Meranti timber formwork Equipment: Crane (1), handsaw, driller, dip-galvanised nails, double-headed nails, measuring tape Skilled worker: Roofer (1), general worker (1), carpenter (1), crane operator (1), scaffolder (1) Technical information: Progressively install temporary bracing as scaffolding is erected. Construction Activity 3: Roof Duration: 1 Day Materials: Metal trusses Equipment: Driller, screw driver, spiral screw, measuring tape Skilled worker: General worker (1), truss erector (1) Technical information: Fix truss.
  28. 28. 28 | P a g e WEEK 36 Construction Activity 1: Roof (Grid 1-7) Duration: 6 Days Materials: Metal trusses Equipment: Crane (1), Driller, screw driver, spiral screw, measuring tape Skilled worker: Roofer (1), general worker (1), truss erector (1), crane operator (1) Technical information: Install permanent lateral bracing to truss. Construction Activity 2: Roof (Grid 1-14) Duration: 6 Days Materials: Metal anchor sling, roof anchor bracket Equipment: Driller, screw driver, spiral screw, measuring tape, metal bender Skilled worker: Roofer (1), general worker (1), bar bender (1) Technical information: Install anchor slings.
  29. 29. 29 | P a g e WEEK 37 Construction Activity 1: Roof (Grid 7-14) Duration: 3 Days Materials: Chicken netting Equipment: Measuring tape, metal bender, dip-galvanised nails, hammer, metal cutter Skilled worker: Roofer (1), general worker (1) Technical information: Install chicken netting. Construction Activity 2: Roof (Grid 1-7) Duration: 3 Days Materials: Aluminium sheet Equipment: Measuring tape, metal bender, dip-galvanised nails, hammer, metal cutter Skilled worker: Roofer (1), general worker (1) Technical information: Install aluminium sheathing.
  30. 30. 30 | P a g e WEEK 38 Construction Activity 1: Roof (Grid 1-7) Duration: 6 Days Materials: Metal batten strips (aluminium) Equipment: Measuring tape, metal bender, dip-galvanised nails, hammer, metal cutter Skilled worker: Roofer (1), general worker (1) Technical information: Install batten. Construction Activity 2: Roof (Grid 7-14) Duration: 6 Days Materials: Cement tiles Equipment: Measuring tape, dip-galvanised nails, hammer Skilled worker: Roofer (1), general worker (1), roof tiller (1) Technical information: Place cement tiles and nails every third row.
  31. 31. 31 | P a g e WEEK 39 WEEK 40
  32. 32. 32 | P a g e WEEK 39, 40 & 41 Construction Activity 1: Brickwork – Rendering Duration: 3 Days Materials: Red Burnt Clay Bricks, Mixed Portland Composite Cement, Mixed Blended White Cement Equipment: Masonry Brushes, Sled Runners, Skilled worker: Pointing, cleaning, and caulking workers (2) and plasterer (2) Technical information: Cement render on the surface of brick wall after cleaning with masonry brush. Then, scratch first coat of render before it set to provide key for second layer. Skim coat mixed blended white cement on it.
  33. 33. 33 | P a g e WEEK 42 Construction Activity 1: Roof (Grid 1, 3, 5) Duration: 6 Days Materials: Ridge metal (aluminium), ridge bracket, ridge vent Equipment: Driller, screw driver, spiral screw, measuring tape, metal bender Skilled worker: Roofer (1), general worker (1), bar bender (1) Technical information: Install ridge block. Construction Activity 2: Roof (Grid 1, 3, 5) Duration: 6 Days Materials: Fascia board ribbon, fascia board bracket Equipment: Driller, screw driver, spiral screw, measuring tape, metal bender Skilled worker: Roofer (1), general worker (1), bar bender (1) Technical information: Install fascia board.
  34. 34. 34 | P a g e WEEK 43 Construction Activity 1: Installation of window Duration: 3 days Materials: Required windows, backer rod, insulation, shims, roofing nails, screws, silicone sealant, flashing, fastener, corner guard Equipment: Safety glasses, utility knife, hammer; caulk gun, level, scaffolding, square ruler, measuring tape, stapler, and screwdriver Skilled worker: general worker (1), door and window installer (2) Technical information: Verify window opening, apply weather resistant barrier, create flashing, prepare window for installation, set the unit and secure, apply flashing at jambs and head, seal and insulate interior cavity, insert backer rod. Construction Activity 2: Installation of door Duration: 3 days Materials: Required door, door lock, doorknob and screws Equipment: Screw driver, measuring tape Skilled worker: general worker (1), window and door installer (2) Technical information: Install required door types and measurement with door lock and doorknob
  35. 35. 35 | P a g e WEEK 44 Construction Activity 3: Installation of door trim Duration: 3 days Materials: nails, door trim panels Equipment: Finish hammer, hand plane, measuring tape, carpenter’s glue, sandpaper, jigsaw, combination square, compass, pencil, utility knife, putty knife, mitre saw, drill with bit Skilled worker: general worker (1), carpenter (2) Technical information: Mark the reveals, cut all mitres, cut and test-fit side casings make adjustments, secure casing, and cross-nail mitres.
  36. 36. 36 | P a g e WEEK 45 Construction Activity 1: Bathroom Equipment Installation Duration: 2 days Materials: Sockets, Heaters, Showers, Shower pumps, Water closet, Sink, PVC pipes Equipment: clamp tool, measuring tape, steel pipe wrench, flaring pliers, pipe vice, pipe bending machine, pipe cutter Skilled worker: Plumber (1), General worker (1) Technical information: Materials are installed at first fix stage as they need to be fitted prior to the commencement of tiling. This is essential to get professional watertight seals, as water ingress resulting from doing things in the wrong order can cause massive problems later on.
  37. 37. 37 | P a g e WEEK 46 Construction Activity 1: Paint work Duration: 2 days Materials: Wood paints Equipment: Paint brushes, tape and masking, ladder Skilled worker: general worker (1), painter (2) Technical information: Paint with the required wood colour to give attractiveness of the door and window.
  38. 38. 38 | P a g e WEEK 47 Construction Activity 1: Installation of receptacle Duration: 1 day Materials: Nickel/silver, beryllium copper, plastic Equipment: Screw, screwdriver Skilled worker: Electrician (2) Technical information: Electrician installs receptacles for outlets, lights and switches and runs wires from the breaker panel to each receptacle. Wiring for telephones, TV cable and network cable is included in this work.
  39. 39. 39 | P a g e WEEK 48 Construction Activity 1: Installation of Drywall Duration: 6-9 days Materials: Gypsum board Equipment: Knife, drill, nails, screw, paint, tape Skilled worker: General worker (2) Technical information: The drywall, known as sheetrock or plaster board, is an engineered product that replaced plaster as the most common interior surface. It is compressed Gypsum in-between two sheets of thick Kraft paper. Primer coat of paint is applied onto the board after taping is complete.
  40. 40. 40 | P a g e WEEK 51 & 52 Construction Activity 1: Cleaning Duration: 14 days Materials: - Equipment: - Skilled worker: General worker (2) Technical information: Window Cleaning, Rough Cleaning and Final Cleaning before move in WEEK 49 & 50 Construction Activity 1: Exterior Landscaping Duration: 9-14 days Materials: - Equipment: - Skilled worker: General worker (2) Technical information: Rough Final Grade, Patios, Porches, Side Walks, Decks, Driveways, Final Grade and Seed
  41. 41. 41 | P a g e
  42. 42. 42 | P a g e Bibliography A Sample Construction Schedule and Custom Home Building Time-Line - B4UBUILD.COM. (2013, January 1). A Sample Construction Schedule and Custom Home Building Time-Line - B4UBUILD.COM. Retrieved July 3, 2014, from http://www.b4ubuild.com/resources/schedule/6kproj.shtml Barry, R. (1992). The Construction of Building,Vol.2 (5th ed). Oxford: Blackwell Science. Barry, R. (1993). The Construction of Building 3 (5th ed). Oxford: Blackwell Science. Barry, R. (1999). The construction of buildings (1st ed). Oxford: Blackwell Science. Hardware Source, 2014. Shutter & Window - Window Hinges. [online] Available at <http://www.hardwaresource.com/hinges/SHUTTER+and+WINDOW/Window +Hinges/> [Accessed 28 June 2014] Heavy Equipment Industry - The heavy equipment industry -- including machines such as the backhoe, crane, wheel loader, grader, forklift, and bulldozer -- has been experiencing a new Heavy Equipment. Heavy Equipment. [online] Available at: http://www.heavyequipment.com/heavy-equipment [Accessed 26 June 2014]

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