Nursing  Theorists Theories
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Nursing Theorists Theories

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Study Material for Transition into The Professional Nursing Role, includes:

Study Material for Transition into The Professional Nursing Role, includes:

Nursing theories, theorists, pioneers, researchers, and organizations

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Nursing  Theorists Theories Nursing Theorists Theories Presentation Transcript

  • Nursing Theorists
    Judith Allen Shelly & Arlene B. Miller
    Judeo-Christian model of caring
    Called to care: a Christian worldview for nursing
    Sister Callista Roy
    Adaptation theory
    Goal of nursing:
    Promote adaptive responses
    Jean Watson
    Theory:
    Caring is essence of nursing practice
    Science of Nursing
    Accomplishments:
    Founder of Center for Human Caring @ University of Colorado (U of CO)
    Published –
    Nursing: Human Science and Human Care; A Theory of Nursing (1985)
    Martha Rogers
    Theory:
    The Science of Unitary Human Beings
    Energy-based practices
    Therapeutic touching
    Reiki
    Virginia Henderson
    Accomplishments
    Early nurse researcher & educator
    Publications & Misc
    Textbook of the Principles and Practice of Nursing (1955)
    Focused on physiological balance
    Imogene King
    Goal attainment model – focus
    3 interacting systems
    Personal
    Interpersonal
    Social
  • Nursing Theorists
    Madeline Leininger
    Culture Care Theory
    focused on the different ways caring is expressed and interpreted
    Accomplishments
    First professional nurse to have PhD in cultural & social anthropology
    Myra E. Levine
    Model of Nursing
    Conservation Principles
    Conservation of energy
    Conservation of structural integrity
    Conservation of personal integrity
    Conservation of social integrity
    Betty Neuman
    Theory
    Health Systems theory – most popular & widely used
    Florence Nightingale
    Theory
    Developmental Needs theory
    Accomplishments
    First nursing theorist
    Dorethea Orem
    Theory
    Believed that life, health, and well-being are maintained by activities that people initiate on their own such as
    Breathing and eating
    focused on nursing as a way to restore self-care in patients.
  • Minor Nursring Theorists & Philosophers
    Theorists
    Philosophers
    Merle Mishel
    Theory of uncertainty
    Nola Pender
    Health promotion model
    Katherine Kolcaba
    Comfort theory
    Anne Boykin
    General theory called “nursing as caring”
    Savina O Schoenhofer
    General theory called “nursing as caring”
    Jeremy Bentham
    Proponent of Utilitarianism – focused on Consequentialism
    John Stuart Mill
    Proponent of Utilitarianism – focused on achieving the greatest possible happiness for the greatest number of people
    Auguste Comte
    Created the term “altruism”
  • Important Early Nurses
    Pioneers
    Florence Nightingale
    nursing leader associated with Crimean War
    Clara Barton
    Considered founder of American Red Cross
    Catherine of Siena
    Organized early form of ambulance service consisting of male stretcher bearer transporting the sick to hospitals in 1300s
    Fabiola
    Roman matron founded first free Christian public hospital for poor
    Hildegarde of Bingen
    German nun trained women to care for sick; documented causes of, symptoms of, & cures for various diseases
    Mary Eliza Mahoney
    First black nurse to graduate from a US school of nursing
    Melinda Ann (Linda) Richards
    Considered first trained nurse from American school of nursing
    Lina L. Rogers
    First public school nurse in NYC
  • Contributors to Nursing Field
    Galen
    Famous Greek physician/surgeon
    Imothep
    First recorded physician
    Hippocrates
    Father of modern medicine
    Sojourner Truth
    Suffragette, abolitionist, & nurse to Union soldiers
    Harriet Tubman
    Abolitionist, Underground Railroad worker, and matron @ the Colored Hospital in Virginia during war
    Jean Henri Dunant
    Provided the vision for the International Red Cross
    Friederike & Theodor Fliedner
    Founders of the Kaiserswerth Deaconess Institute (an early nursing school)
    St. Vincent de Paul
    Founder of The Sisters of Charity
    Catherine McAuley
    Established The Sisters of Mercy
    Elizabeth Seton
    Established the Sisters of Charity
  • Nursing Founders
    Mary Breckinridge
    Founder of The Frontier Nursing Service
    Mary Brewster & Lillian D. Wald
    Founders of the first public heath service in their own home
    France Payne Bolton
    Philanthropist, congresswoman, and healthcare reformer
    Influenced creation & passage of The Bolton Act
    Luther Christman
    RN & founder of The American Assembly for Men in Nursing (AAMN)
    Dorothea Dix
    Responsible for reforms in treatment of the mentally ill
    Lavinia Dock
    Founding member of the American Society of Superintendents of Training School for Nurses
    Influenced movement for independent nursing practice
    Annie W. Goodrich
    First dean of the Army School of Nursing
    Isabel Hampton Robb
    Founding member of the American Society of Superintendents of Training School for Nurses
    Established first grading policy in nursing school
    Margaret Sanger
    Founder of Planned Parenthood Federation
    Controversial for her views on eugenics & abortion
  • Nursing Researchers
    Eli Ginzberg
    Professor of economics @ Columbia
    Conducted study with colleagues from nursing, medicine, and social science leading to the publication of
    The Ginzberg Report
    Josephine Goldmark
    Chief investigator in The Goldmark Report
    Inez Hinsvark
    Primary researcher for The Study of Credentialing in Nursing: A New Approach
    Jerome P. Lysaught
    Nurse researcher worked with the National commission for the Study of Nursing & Nursing Education, leading to the publication of
    The Lysaught Report
    Mildred Montag
    Author of The Montag Study &
    Community College of Education for Nursing
    Granger Westberg
    Founder of current parish nurse movement
    Ethel Gordon Fenwick
    Founded the International Council of Nurses & The Royal British Nurses Association
    Adelaide Nutting
    Founding member of the American Society of Superintendents of Training School for Nurses
    Katherine Bauer
    Led the National Institute of Medicine Study
    Ester Lucile Brown
    Social anthropologist
    Director of the Department of Studies in the Professions of the Russell Stage Foundation
    Author of The Brown Report
  • Nursing
    Groups and Organizations
    Knights Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem
    Male nursing military order that cared for crusaders in Jerusalem
    Knights of St. Lazarus
    Nursing order of monks that focused on caring for those with Leprosy
    Sisters of Charity
    First American religious order
    Sisters of Mercy
    Order that came to the US in 1843 and started hospitals that cared for wounded during Civil War