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Slides from the Metropolitan New York Library Council's program, "The Rights of Readers and the Threat of the Kindle," presented on July 27, 2011. …

Slides from the Metropolitan New York Library Council's program, "The Rights of Readers and the Threat of the Kindle," presented on July 27, 2011.
http://www.metro.org/en/cev/85

For more information, see: https://readersbillofrights.info/

Published in: Education, Technology

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  • PICTURE!
  • Response from libraries: consortial boycotts, etc.#hcod NOT retroactive, so boycott is more effective going ahead
  • Understanding DRM is critical for understanding ebooks.Why have these events been happening? Understanding DRM helps explain the controversies… and we want librarians to understand the problemsSee implications of these incidents for libraries
  • TALK ABOUT HOW WE LIKE EBOOKS—BUT THIS TALK IS ABOUT ONE VERY SPECIFIC PART OF EBOOKS/etc.
  • REVISE?
  • REVISE?
  • “DRM” = Digital Rights/Restrictions Management.DRM controls access to digital content and restricts the functionality of devices.DRM relies on two forms of secrecy; one is the encryption key, the other is the proprietary code that the hardware executes. As the end user, the key that is being used to encrypt and decrypt content is a secret that is kept from you. The internal functioning of the hardware you are using is likewise kept secret. If the user could find out either of these secrets (the key or what the machine is doing) the DRM would be broken. In many cases, breaking DRM is considered a criminal act.
  • Because of this, devices that run DRM schemes have to be tightly controlled. Devices like ipad and kindle are “jailed,” meaning that the end user does not have full control of their machines.This could mean that for devices in the library, not only would patrons not be able to look under the hood of their machines, but librarians, system administrators or others could not.
  • Additionally, because breaking DRM is sometimes possible, it now is considered a criminal act (DMCA)—not just code, also law2 forms of regulation: Code and Law.Breaking DRM even for fair use purposes is still illegal
  • Encrypter process=secret process in which files are encrypted
  • Files become unreadable by humans
  • DEVICES SHOULD NOT CONTROL USREADING SHOULD NOT CRIMINALIZE US
  • EXPAND: FAKE LENDING
  • Devices are set up for individuals and lots of problems in lending devices from libraries right now (everyone is testing this out)TETHERED DEVICES—NOT JUST THE KINDLEHARDWARE AND SOFTWARE IS TETHEREDPICTURE!
  • NOW WE’RE ONLY TALKING ABOUT MODEL 2… (ebooks sold to libraries without tethered devices)
  • Another holdover from print—but also not really (more than one person can use a book together)Can’t return early??Being charged extra for more simultaneous “viewers”Being charged for every viewing?!
  • SHUTTLEDCaged vs. Free Range DownloadingPICTURE!
  • USHEP STUDY—lack of connectivity
  • Ebrary Collections where books go in and outBooks can be instantly purchased, but also instantly repossessed
  • If bothebooks and ejournals were only ephemeral, you could retain a journal in its entirety, but not an ebook.
  • With this medium, you are not forbidden from…
  • Servers go downGo out of business
  • Preservation Copies???
  • EFF Guide to privacy and ereaders
  • 1. College and Research Libraries went OA
  • Just like music without DRM!
  • OVERDRIVE, Springer, etc.
  • And yet our fields remain apart, working toward similar goals. We saw this project as an opportunity to bridge the gap—to bring information about technology to the librarians and to make others aware of the struggles over ebooks happening in libraries.
  • EULA Table Authors’ Bill of RightsBibliographyNews feedGraphicsOther Ways to Get InvolvedUpdated versions of RBRfDB
  • Transcript

    • 1. The Rights of Readers and the Threat of the Kindle
      Matthew Goins
      Independent Technologist
      Alycia Sellie
      Brooklyn College Library
      Metro Webinar July 27, 2011
    • 2.
    • 3. The Kindle “Swindle”
    • 4. HarperCollins and
      26 checkouts
    • 5. http://boycottharpercollins.com
    • 6. The root of the problem: Digital Restrictions Management (DRM)
    • 7. We’re not smelling the books.
      Important attributes of ebooks that we’re not focusing on in this talk:
      • Preferences between ink on paper vs. reading from a screen
      • 8. Aesthetic issues
      • 9. Page numbers
      • 10. “Lendling” or short-term sharing between personal collections (via DRM)
      ONGOING PERFORMANCE BY RACHEL MORRISON: SMELLING THE BOOKS
    • 11. We’re interested in rights, not features
      In this project, we’re focusing on:
      • Readers as people, more so than readers as hardware
      • 12. Examining how our rights are preserved—or lost—as books go digital
      • 13. Shaping, for the better, the future of ebooks (in libraries—andoverall)
    • Technological changes
      are abundant in the history of the book
    • 14. What is an ebook?
      An ebook is a digital file, or a collection of digital files.
      • Open Formats: ePub, HTML, Plain Text, PostScript
      • 15. Proprietary Formats: Mobi, AZW, etc.
    • Ebook readingdevices
      (are computers)
    • 16. What is DRM?
      “In essence, DRM treats the information user as attacker on her own computer, blocking uses of information undesired by the provider, regardless of whether the information object is legally owned and whether the use in question is otherwise legally permissable.”
      —Jason Puckett
      “Digital Rights Management as Information Access Barrier”
      “DRM technologies add code to digital content that disables the simple ability to copy or distribute that content—at least without the technical permission of the DRM technology itself.”
      —Lawrence Lessig, Code 2.0
      DRM controls access to digital content and restricts the functionality of devices.
    • 17. DRM restricts content, through secrets that are kept from the end user
    • 18. DRM restricts content, through secrets that are kept from the end user
      Software that implements DRM uses two forms of secrecy:
      The encryption key--which allows the decrypting, or accessing/opening of encrypted files--is a secret
    • 19. DRM restricts content, through secrets that are kept from the end user
      Software that implements DRM uses two forms of secrecy:
      The encryption key--which allows the decrypting, or accessing/opening of encrypted files--is a secret
      The proprietary code that the hardware executes--what the computer does to decrypt the files and allow you to read an ebook--is a secret
    • 20. Jailed Devices
      Devices like the iPadand the Kindle are “jailed,” meaning through the restriction of both hardware and software, the end user does not have full control of their machines.
      This jailing protects the DRM system from having its secrets discovered by the user.
    • 21. Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)
      • Every DRM scheme ever made has been broken
      • 22. Because of the likelihood that a DRM scheme can be circumvented, DRM relies on the protection of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)
      • 23. The DMCA made it illegal to break, circumvent or reverse engineer DRM
      • 24. Therefore, even the weakest DRM is protected by law
      • 25. Violations of the DMCA and could result in prosecution for what, under pre-DMCA copyright law, would have been considered fair use
    • Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      ebook file
    • 26. Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      ebook file
      ENCRYPTER
      (DRM’er)
    • 27. Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      ebook with DRM
      (encrypted file)
      ebook file
      ENCRYPTER
      (DRM’er)
    • 28. Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      ebook with DRM
      (encrypted file)
      ebook file
      ENCRYPTER
      (DRM’er)
      Ebooks with DRM rely on a secret encryption key and proprietary software (Amazon software, Adobe Digital Editions, etc.) to be unlocked–without these, the ebooks stays locked/encrypted
      &
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      ebook file
    • 29. Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      ebook with DRM
      (encrypted file)
      ebook file
      ENCRYPTER
      (DRM’er)
      &
      It’s same content! DRM just takes away your ability to print, copy, etc.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      ebook file
    • 30. Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      ebook with DRM
      (encrypted file)
      ebook file
      ENCRYPTER
      (DRM’er)
      &
      DMCA Protection
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      ebook file
    • 31. Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      Loremipsum dolor sit amet, consecteturadipisicingelit, sed do eiusmodtemporincididuntutlabore et dolore magna aliqua. Utenim ad minim veniam, quisnostrud exercitation ullamcolaboris nisi utaliquip ex eacommodoconsequat. Duisauteirure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptatevelitessecillumdoloreeufugiatnullapariatur. Excepteursintoccaecatcupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officiadeseruntmollitanim id estlaborum.
      ebook file
      Instead of encrypting and decrypting and taking control of our machines, publishers and vendors could simply provide ebooks without DRM!
      (It’s technologically simpler, and many publishers are already saying no to DRM!)
    • 32. Digital restrictions affect:
      • Control over Hardware/Freedom to Tinker
      • 33. Consumer Protection
      • 34. Privacy
      • 35. Fair Use
      • 36. Sharing
    • DRM restricts our
      control over hardware
      and freedom to tinker
    • 37. DRM is at odds with consumer protection via troublesome End User License Agreements (EULAs)
    • 38. DRM restricts fair use
    • 39. DRM threatens our privacy and the freedom to read
    • 40. DRM restricts sharing
      (and threatens libraries)
    • 41. The two main commercial
      models for digital books
      (both rely on DRM)
    • 42. Lending tethered ebook devices in libraries
    • 43.
    • 44. Restrictedprinting
    • 45. Simultaneous readers and “checkedout” ebooks
    • 46. Caged vs. free rangedownloading
      Adobe Digital Editions = DRM
    • 47. The importance of reading offline
    • 48. Rental vs. Ownership
    • 49. Disappearing books, diminishing budgets, and permanentcollections
    • 50. How ebook models differ from electronic journal subscriptions
    • 51. In summary, our concerns about current libraryebook models:
      DRM restricts our ability to:
      Print
      Download
      Use Texts with Others and Collaborate
      Retain and Archive our Purchases
      Make Information Accessible to our Patrons
      Or, most importantly, DRM can restrict anything else the vendor/publisher would like
    • 52. What’s the Solution?
      Back to the Future: The Printed Book.
      “Books are open code: They hide nothing; they reveal their source—they are their source!”
      —Lawrence Lessig, Code 2.0
    • 53. With a printed book, you are not restricted from the ability to:
    • The Readers’ Bill of Rights for Digital Books
      *As readers of traditional print materials, we are already guaranteed all of these rights--and we should not be denied them due to the medium in which we are reading.
    • 57. READERS' BILL OF RIGHTS for DIGITAL BOOKS
      1. Ability to retain, archive and transfer purchased materials
    • 58. READERS' BILL OF RIGHTS for DIGITAL BOOKS
      1. Ability to retain, archive and transfer purchased materials
      2. Ability to create a paper copy of the item in its entirety
    • 59. READERS' BILL OF RIGHTS for DIGITAL BOOKS
      1. Ability to retain, archive and transfer purchased materials
      2. Ability to create a paper copy of the item in its entirety
      3. Digital books should be in an open format (e.g. you could read on a computer, not just a device)
    • 60. READERS' BILL OF RIGHTS for DIGITAL BOOKS
      1. Ability to retain, archive and transfer purchased materials
      2. Ability to create a paper copy of the item in its entirety
      3. Digital books should be in an open format (e.g. you could read on a computer, not just a device)
      4. Choice of hardware to access books (e.g. in 3 years when your device has broken, you can still read your book on other hardware)
    • 61. READERS' BILL OF RIGHTS for DIGITAL BOOKS
      1. Ability to retain, archive and transfer purchased materials
      2. Ability to create a paper copy of the item in its entirety
      3. Digital books should be in an open format (e.g. you could read on a computer, not just a device)
      4. Choice of hardware to access books (e.g. in 3 years when your device has broken, you can still read your book on other hardware)
      5. Reader information will remain private (what, when and how we read will not be stored, sold or marketed)
    • 62. What You Can Do
    • 63. Choose your ownadventure:
      a few actions against DRM
      • Refuse to spend your library’s budget on restricted materials
      • 64. Release your own work without restrictive licensing or DRM
      • 65. Talk with your patrons and colleagues about digital restrictions
      • 66. Let vendorsand publishers know that you oppose digital restrictions
      • 67. Remain aware of the ways that purchases (of items such as Kindles or subscriptions to online ebookcollections) affect readers’ rights
      • 68. Help this project: give us feedback for the next version of the Readers’ Bill of Rights for Digital Books
      • 69. Take part in the Day Against DRM which happens May 4 each year (until DRM is abolished!)
    • Digital books are still appealing without DRM!
      All the features that make ebooks amazing would still continue to amaze without DRM!
    • 70. It’s easier than ever to avoid DRM
    • 71. This project could become irrelevant tomorrow!
    • 72. Further reading and inspiration:
      • “The Right to Read” by Richard Stallman
      • 73. “Freedom to Read Statement” by the American Library Association
      • 74. The Free Software Movement
      • 75. The “Five Laws of Library Science” by S.R. Ranganathan
      • 76. The Free Culture Movement
      • 77. Open Access Publishing
    • More information & resources on our website
    • 78. Alycia Sellie
      asellie @ brooklyn.cuny.edu
      Matthew Goins
      me @ matthewgoins.org
      http://readersbillofrights.info
      identi.ca & twitter: @readersrights