Middle Childhood (Pt 1)

  • 1,618 views
Uploaded on

Physical development in middle childhood.

Physical development in middle childhood.

More in: Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,618
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
59
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Middle Childhood (Part 1)
  • 2. Physical Development
    • Height & Weight Changes
    • Grows 2 – 3 inches by age 11
    • Gains 5 – 7 pounds per year
    • Nutrition
    • Level of nutrition affects lives
    • Better nutrition affects peer relationships, emotional responding, activity level, & cognitive performance
    • Cultural growth patterns
    • Variations result from genetics
    • Diet affects genetic, racial, & ethnic differences
  • 3. Childhood Obesity
    • 1 Child in 18 in U.S. is Obese
    • Risk heart disease, diabetes, & becoming overweight adult
    • Combination of Heredity & Environment
    • Cultural predispositions but not a matter of genetics
    • Poor diet, lack of exercise, & sedentary lifestyle
    • Treating Obesity
    • Need to learn to control eating habits
    • Control the food at home
  • 4. Health Issues
    • Asthma
    • Chronic condition characterized by periodic attacks of wheezing, coughing, & shortness of breath
    • 5% of children in U.S. are sufferers
    • Triggered by: colds & flus, pollution, cigarette smoke, dust mites, animal dander & excretions, stress, & exercise
    • Psychological Disorders
    • 5% of preteens suffer from depression, 13% between 9 & 17 from anxiety disorders
    • Children’s symptoms not the same as adults
    • Treatment with drugs can be a problem
  • 5. Motor Development
    • Gross Motor Skills
    • No reason to separate boys & girls in physical exercise until puberty
    • Fine Motor Skills
    • Increase in myelination produces finer abilities
    • By 11 & 12 they can manipulate objects with almost the same dexterity as adults
    • Social Benefits of Physical Competence
    • Athletic competence = social desirability
  • 6. Sensory Difficulties
    • Visual Impairment
    • Blindness – visual acuity less than 20/200 with correction
    • Partial blindness – visual acuity of 20/70 after correction
    • Auditory Impairment
    • 1% - 2% of school age children are affected
    • The adaptation depends on the child’s age
    • Auditory difficulties are sometimes accompanied by speech impairments
  • 7. AD/HD
    • Characteristics:
    • Inattention, impulsiveness, low-frustration tolerance, & a lot of inappropriate activity
    • 3% - 7% of those under 18 are affected
    • Drugs are short-term help
    • Behavior therapy is a useful treatment along with drugs
  • 8. Full-Inclusion Classes
    • Least Restrictive Environment
    • The setting most similar to that of children without special needs for a full education
    • Special needs children, by law, must be integrated into the regular classrooms & regular activities to the fullest extent possible
    • Mainstreaming
    • Integrating special needs children as much as possible into traditional educational system & provide them with a broad range of educational alternatives
    • Full-Inclusion
    • Integrating all students, even those with severe disabilities into regular classrooms