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A restrictive, punitive style in which the child must follow instructions and respect work and effort. Unexplained spankings may be frequent in order to enforce rigid rules. Anger may be frequently shown.
Children of authoritarian parenting are unhappy, fearful and anxious when comparing themselves with others. They fail to initiate activities and tend toward social incompetence.
Encouraging, supportive and nurtures the child to be independent but still places limits and controls on actions. Much verbal give-and-take. Expects mature, independent, age-appropriate behavior.
Children are often cheerful, self-controlled, self reliant, achievement oriented and socially competent.
* Permissive Indulgent Parenting :
Highly involved with children with few demands or controls. View is that warm involvement and few restrictions produces a creative, confident child.
Children are socially incompetent, lacking self-control, aggressive, domineering, non-compliant with few peer interactions.
* Permissive Indifferent Parenting :
Parents are very uninvolved with the child.
Children are socially incompetent, lack self-control, don’t handle independence well, have low self-esteem, are immature, and tend to be alienated from the family. As adolescents, they tend to show patterns of delinquency and truancy.
The adolescent belief that others are as interested in them as they themselves are. The attention-getting behavior is motivated by a desire to be noticed, visible, and “on stage.”
The part of adolescent egocentricism that involves their view of their uniqueness and invincibility. It is often seen in the belief that they’ll never suffer horrendous experiences that happen to other people .
Difficult to define retirement because of the reasons there are for retiring, the influences on retiring, and what one does after retiring. The withdrawal process is “blurred” so, stages of retirement aren’t very descriptive of what actually goes on.