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Learning Theories (Dr. Tan Hui Leng)
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Learning Theories (Dr. Tan Hui Leng)

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  • 1. Session 1: LEARNING THEORIES
    • Understanding the learner
    • Understanding the process
    • of learning
  • 2.
    • Describe the main characteristics of humanist, social, behaviourist and cognitive learning theories
    • Compare the different theories
    • Identify the theory that best describes your learning
    • Identify the theory that best describes your students’ learning
    • Facilitate learning
    :: OBJECTIVES :: At the end of the session, you should be able to:
  • 3. Task 1
    • From your parents/ family
    • In school
    • From your friends/ colleagues
    What are some of the best lessons learnt... ? AFFECTIVE Values COGNITIVE Knowledge PSYCHOMOTOR Skills
  • 4. Task 2
    • To cook?
    • To be firm with your children/ colleagues?
    HOW DO YOU LEARN: The way to a new training centre? ?
  • 5. Learning Theories H S B C Theory Learn by… Psychologists Humanism Motivating self to… Maslow, Rogers Social Imitating “good” examples of… Bandura, Coleman Behaviourism Repeatedly doing (with reinforcement) Pavlov, Skinner Cognitive Getting the mind to remember, reason, … Piaget, Gagne, Bruner, Ausubel
  • 6. Promoting Learning: Young Adults H S B C Theory Learn by… Facilitate learning by… Humanism Motivating learner to… MEETING STUDENT NEEDS (Interest, ability, SES) Social Imitating “good” examples of… SHOW & TELL (Examples, Simulations) Behaviourism Repeatedly doing DRILLING (Variety) Cognitive Getting the mind to remember, reason, … STRUCTURING (Easy to difficult) (Concrete to abstract)
  • 7. Learning Process
    • Learning is a process of cognitive and social
    • MEANING
    Concentration Coding Motivation Thinking Retrieval Readiness Set to learn HUMANISM Perception Receive Ideas BEHAVIOURISM Concept Formation Aggregate ideas COGNITIVISM Memory Store Ideas COGNITIVISM Application Use Ideas COGNITIVISM/ SOCIAL/ HUMANISM
  • 8. Motivation Deficiency (Maslow’s Heirarchy of Needs) Self determination Self efficacy Attribution Need to… Want to… Good at… Make the best of…
  • 9. Summary I 1 Motivation 2 Perception 3 Concept 4 Memory 5 Application Encourage Stimulate Correct Organize Make it Relevant TEACHING LEARNING
  • 10. Summary II HUMANISTIC Appeal Learner-C SOCIAL Rapport Demonstrate BEHAVIORISM Practice/ Drill COGNITIVE Reason TEACHING Facilitate Learning EXPLAIN why Say it REPEATEDLY SHOW THEM how Advise SINCERELY e.g. MESSAGE: Work Hard Explain Repeat