Presentation SMALL CLASS TEACHING(SCT) For Lee Chi Wing, Alvin Wan Kam Ming Against Lau Ming Chu, Sunny Tsang Wai Leung, Trevor
PRESENTATION SMALL CLASS TEACHING(SCT) Reasons for the Policy 1. Birth rate 2. Education Policy for Killing School 3. Request from different stake-holder of education institutions.(Policy Formation)
PRESENTATION SMALL CLASS TEACHING(SCT) SCT Content and formation 1. From 2009 afterward, allow school to join the scheme of SCT voluntarily. 2. Allow 20 students in a class started from Primary 1. 3. For Primary School with high concentration of disadvantaged students in 08/09 and thereafter. 4. Form 1 38 ＞ 36 students per class (2009) 36 ＞ 34 students per class (2010)
1. Figures show a rapid drop of child for the last 20 years. 2. Future estimation of the birth rate. 3. Other factors affecting the birth rate. Birth Rate drop rapidly
<ul><li>*Data from the Census and Statistics Department </li></ul><ul><li>68% from 2003 to 2008 (47,000 78,800) </li></ul>
1. 34students /class safety line. 2. Hundreds of secondary and primary schools were killed for the last 5 years. 3. Special arrangements for survival. 4. Solve the redundancy of teachers. Killing School Policy from EDB
1.Teacher 2. School 3. Parent 4. Education bodies 5. Government attitude and action Request from different stake-holder of education institutions. (Policy Formation)
Should we protect teachers using public money? 1.Extra-cost to a particular department. 2. Why protect teaching career. 3. Long term expenditure increase.
Education Expenditure(1999~2008) * Data from the Report of the Director of Audit Year Education Expenditure($ ’ 000) Total Expenditure($ ’ 000) % 1999 24,966,927 194,693,918 13% 2000 27,096,521 191,278,308 14% 2001 28,888,806 192,180,418 15% 2002 29,781,230 200,712,822 15% 2003 30,805,099 215,233,249 14% 2004 30,896,414 239,033,873 13% 2005 32,460,172 198,471,257 16% 2006 32,623,689 197,846,069 16% 2007 32,624,936 195,579,702 17% 2008 34,587,017 207,786,146 17%
* Data from the Report of the Director of Audit 2008
*Data from the Professional Teachers’ Union Teacher Salary Table Secondary School Rank Principal I: Pr I Principal II: Pr II Principal Graduate Master/Mistress: PGM Senior Graduate Master/Mistress: SGM Graduate Master/Mistress: GM Principal Assistant Master/Mistress: PAM Senior Assistant Master/Mistress: SAM Assistant Master/Mistress: AM Certificated Master/Mistress: CM Assistant Master/Mistress (Workshop Teacher): AM (WT) Certificated Master/Mistress (Workshop Teacher): CM(WT) Primary School Rank Headmaster/Headmistress I: HM I Headmaster/Headmistress II: HM II Primary School Master/Mistress: PSM Assistant Primary School Master/Mistress: APSM Principal Assistant Master/Mistress: PAM Senior Assistant Master/Mistress: SAM Assistant Master/Mistress: AM Certificated Master/Mistress: CM
SCT improving poverty problem 1. Benefit to the poor. 2. Long term social welfare cost. 3. Foundation education.
Advantages of SCT to lessons 1.Comfort to both teachers and students. 2. Met student’s need. 3. Student centered. 4. Tasks completed. 5. Detail feedback.
SCT & Redundancy of Teacher 1. Aim ≠ Employment of Teacher 2. Government Should Not Intervene Free Market 3. Fair Competition (Right person for the Right position) 4. Quality of Teacher is IMPORTANT!!!
SCT Vs Workload/Pressure of Teacher 1. Time Consuming -Training and Development Course -Prepare New Teaching Materials 2. Workload -Teaching + Administrative Work 3. Pressure -Inconsistent and Various Education Policies -Adopt new teaching approach
Relationship between workload of teacher and teaching effectiveness 1. Care of students' individual learning differences in lesson. through adequate interaction. 2. Release working pressure inside and outside classroom.
Factors affecting teaching effectiveness 1. Quality of Student Intake. 2. Quality of Teacher 3. School administration 4. Teaching Technique and Approach 5. Hardware and Software Support/Aid
<ul><li>Birth Rate gradually increase from 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Education already is the largest expenditure among Hong Kong government </li></ul><ul><li>SCT could not be used to solve TEACHER REDUNDANCY </li></ul><ul><li>SCT would impose PRESSURE and increase WORKLOAD </li></ul>
Right way to implement SCT policy in Hong Kong 1.Pilot run for the last 3 years and get valuable experience. 2. Fluctuation of populations, a strong and flexible policy to education 3. Financial support from government , i.e. Education resources are available in the coming 6 years.
Alternative Measures rather than Small Class Teaching (SCT) 1. Award outstanding teachers and encourage experience sharing. 2. Encourage teachers to further education. E.g. Study Leave 3. Proper training and equipping of teachers are most critical. 4. Use IT properly to improve learning initiative and efficiency