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Environmental presidential decrees

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  • 1. ENVIRONMENTALPRESIDENTIALDECREES( Laws and Policies )
  • 2. Environmental Laws and Policies• PD 984Pollution Control Law
  • 3. Environmental Laws and Policies• PD 1151 – Philippine Environmental PolicyDefines the general policies on the pursuit ofa better quality of life for the present andfuture generations and mandates theundertaking the environmental impactassessments for all projects, which maysignificantly affect the environment
  • 4. Environmental Laws and Policies• PD 1152 – Philippine Environmental PolicyDefines the policy objectives for the variousaspects of environmental managementsuch as air and water qualitymanagement, natural resourcedevelopment, land management andwaste management
  • 5. Environmental Laws and Policies• PD 1586 – Environmental ImpactAssessmentDefines the framework for theimplementation of EIA as the mechanismto reconcile the impacts of developmentprojects on society and the physicalenvironment
  • 6. Environmental Laws and Policies• PD 389 (P.D. 705) – The Forestry ReformCodecodifies, updates and raises forestry lawsin the country. It emphasizes thesustainable utilization of forest resources
  • 7. Environmental Laws and Policies• P.D. 330 & P.D. 953 – laws on penalizingillegal cutting of trees• P.D. 330 & 1153 – laws on tree planting• P.D. 331 – laws requiring all public forestsbe developed on a sustained yield basis
  • 8. Environmental Laws and Policies• P.D. 704 – preservation of optimumproductivity of fishery resources throughconservation and protection• P.D. 1015 – banning the operation ofcommercial fishing within a distance of 7kilometer from the shoreline• P.D. 1058 – increasing the penalties forillegal forms of fishing
  • 9. Environmental Laws and Policies• P.D. 1219 – providing for the protection ofcoral ecosystems• P.D. 1067 – Water Code of the PhilippinesAdopts measures to conserve andregulate the use of water incommercial, industrial and residentialareas. It also provides other policyguidelines in water quality andmanagement of water resources.
  • 10. Environmental Laws and Policies• P.D. 463 – amended the Mining Act of1936, requires all mining leaseholders tocomply with Pollution Control Laws andregulations and provide for penalties fornoncompliance
  • 11. Environmental Laws and Policies• P.D. 1198 – reinforces this provision forrestoration of mined-out areas to thisoriginal condition to the extent possible• P.D. 1251 – imposes fines on tailings andmine wastes and the fund generated isused to pay for the damages to land,agricultural crops, forests products,aquatic resources and infrastructurescaused by pollution for mining operations.
  • 12. Environmental Laws and Policies• P.D. 984 – The Pollution Control Law• P.D. 1181 – ( supplements the provision ofPD. 984) – providing for the abatement,control and prevention of vehicularpollution & establishing the maximumallowance emissions of specific airpollutants from all types of vehicles
  • 13. Environmental Laws and Policies• P.D. 600 (amended by P.D. 979 )–• The Water Pollution Control• Prohibits the discharge of oil, noxiousliquid substances, and other harmfulsubstances into the country’s inland andterritorial waters
  • 14. Environmental Laws and Policies• P.D. 825 – prohibits the improper disposalof garbage• P.D. 856 - Sanitation Codeplaces the responsibility in the localgovernment units for the solid wastemanagement in his area of production
  • 15. Environmental Laws and Policies• P.D. 1144 – Control of Pesticides• R.A. 8749 - Philippine Clean Air Act of1999• R.A. 3720 – Food Additives• R.A. 6425 – Drugs• R.A. 280 - Cosmetics
  • 16. Environmental Laws andPolicies• P.D. 7160 – Local Government Code of1991- provides that local government shouldshare with the national government theresponsibility in the management andmaintenance of ecological balance withintheir territorial jurisdiction subject tonational policies and other pertinentprovisions of the code.
  • 17. Environmental Laws and Policies• R.A. 6969 – Toxic Substances andHazardous and Nuclear Wastes ControlAct- Authorizes the DENR to establish aprogram to regulate , restrict or prohibit theimportation, manufacture, processing, sale, destruction, use and disposal of chemicalsubstances, and mixture that presentunreasonable risk and/or injury to health orthe environment
  • 18. Environmental Laws and Policies• R.A. 8550 – The Fisheries Code of thePhilippines- Defines the policies of the state in theprotection, conservation and effectivemanagement of fisheries stock as well asidentifying allowable fishing methods inPhilippine coastal waters.
  • 19. Environmental Laws and Policies• R.A. 9003 – The Solid WasteManagement Act of 2001• R.A. 9275 - The Philippine Clean WaterAct of 2004• R.A. 9729 – Climate Change Act of 2009
  • 20. Clean Air Act of 1999
  • 21. Outline of Presentation• Legal Basis• Air Quality Inspection– Stationary Sources– Mobile Sources– Other Sources• Capacity Development of Inspectors• Local Government Units
  • 22. Legal Basis• Republic Act 8749 or the Philippine CleanAir Act of 1999– An Act Providing for a Comprehensive Air PollutionControl Policy and for Other PurposesNational Integrated Improvement FrameworkJoint Administrative OrderDENR Administrative OrderMemorandum CircularSpecial Order
  • 23. INTEGRATED AIR QUALITYIMPROVEMENT FRAMEWORKOfficial blueprint with which allgovernment agencies mustcomply with to attain andmaintain air quality standardsEMISSION REDUCTIONGOALSPermissible standardsEconomic incentivesControl strategie/measuresManagement strategiesCollective actionEducationandinformation
  • 24. Inspection of StationarySources
  • 25. HYDRO POWERPLANTS HCOAL-FIREDPOWER PLANTSCGEOTHERMALPOWER PLANTSGD DIESEL-FIREDPOWER PLANTSPOWER BARGEPGT GAS TURBINEPOWER PLANTPOWER PLANTSNATURAL GASPLANTNGOIL THERMALPOWER PLANTSO
  • 26. Compliance Inspection• Permit to OperateTemporary Permit to Operate (P/O)5-year (P/O)• Self-Monitoring ReportsStack testingAmbient Monitoring• Complaints
  • 27. Permit to Operate• Enhanced Permitting Conditions• Issuance of Notice of Violation• Technical Conferences conducted
  • 28. Permit to OperateAir Pollution SourceInstallations(boiler, generator set, furnaceetc.)Air Pollution Control Facility(smoke stack, electrostaticprecipitator, scrubber etc. )
  • 29. Permit to Operate• National SourceEmissionStandardsNOx, SOx,Particulate Matter,CO, heavy metals,etc.
  • 30. Self-monitoring ReportsQuarterly submission• Stack/sourceemission tests• Ambient monitoring• ContinuousEmissionMonitoring System(CEMS)
  • 31. Accreditation of Third Party Source EmissionTesting FirmsSTACK/SOURCE EMISSION TESTING
  • 32. Ambient Air Monitoring• National Ambient Air QualityStandards for Source SpecificAir Pollutants from IndustrialSources( SO2, NO2, Lead, PM etc. )Manual and/or AutomaticInspection ( validate reportssubmitted )- Accredited firms for stack- Manual testing for ambient airmonitoring- Calibration reports and auditfor automatic stations
  • 33. Self-Monitoring Reports• Continuous EmissionMonitoring System (NO2, SO2, CO, PM, etc. )Large industries750 and greater tons per yearpower plants, refineries, cementplants, smeltersInspection conductedQA/QC proceduresRelative Accuracy Test Audit(annual)Cylinder Gas Audit (quarterly)
  • 34. Mobile Sources
  • 35. MOBILE SOURCESTYPE APPROVAL OF NEW MOTORVEHICLESEMISSION TEST before registrationMVIC / PETCROADSIDE INSPECTION AND APPREHENSIONFor diesel-fed
  • 36. Motor VehicleInspection Centers
  • 37. Anti-Smoke BelchingCampaign
  • 38. 11. Manila Printing Press,EDSA, Bagong Barrio,Caloocan City -DENRalong EDSA2. KIA Motor, EDSA, Balintawak, Quezon City -DENR3. People Power Monument, EDSA,Quezon City -QC34. Polymedic Hospital, EDSA, Mandaluyong City456. Magallanes, MRT Station,EDSA, Makati City -MAKATI67. Beside AutoMall, Pasay City -DOTC725. Gil Puyat Ave., MRT Station, EDSAMakati City -MAKATIAPPREHENSION SITESPREPARED BY: DENR-EMB AQMS JDS
  • 39. DENR-DTI-DOTC JOINT ADMINISTRATIVEORDER NO. 1 SERIES OF 2007AMENDED GUIDELINES AND PROCEDURES FOR THE MONITORING OFACCREDITED AND AUTHORIZED PRIVATE EMISSION TESTING CENTERS(PETC) AND LTO EMISSION TESTING ACTIVITIES (MVIC)
  • 40. Other Sources
  • 41. Ambient Monitoring Stations• For Air QualityManagement• InspectionChecklist– Calibration– Performance– Audit
  • 42. Automatic Ambient Air QualityMonitoring Station (AAQMS) 10 Stations National Capital Region (5) Region 4A (3) Region 3 (1) Parameters measured Criteria Pollutants (SO2, NO2, CO, HC,O3, PM-10 & 2.5) Meteorological parameters (wind speed& direction, relative humidity,temperature, precipitation, etc.)
  • 43. Automatic Ambient Air QualityMonitoring Station (AAQMS) 4 Stations (open-path technology) Location Cebu City (1) Baguio City (1) Cagayan de Oro City (1) Iloilo City (1) Parameters measured Criteria Pollutants (SO2, NO2, CO, O3PM-10) Meteorological parameters (wind speed &direction, relative humidity, temperature,precipitation, etc.)
  • 44. TSP Ambient Air QualityMonitoring• 37 Manual Stationsinstalled nationwide 10 stations locatedin Metro Manila 27 stations outsideMetro Manila
  • 45. PM10 Ambient Air Monitoring• 4 Manual Stationsinstalled nationwide• Location NCR Sn Fernando City Cebu City Davao City
  • 46. Capacity Development ofInspectors
  • 47. • Annualworkshop/training forRegional OfficesTechnical Personnel• Hands-on exercisesfor emission testing• Lectures/seminars• Attendance totrainings abroad• Foreign-fundedprojects
  • 48. Air Quality Management forLocal Government Units
  • 49. Role of LGUs• DENR is mandatedto provide LGUs withtechnical assistance,trainings,and a continuingcapacity buildingprogram
  • 50. Environment and NaturalResources Office (ENRO)• Establishment ofENRO in everyprovince notmandatoryAssociation of MetroManila ENROs(AMMEO) established.Not all provinces haveENROs
  • 51. Airsheds• Governing Board– Governor– City/Municipal Mayors– Representative fromeach concernedgovernment agency– People’s organization– NGO’s– Private sector
  • 52. Metro ManilaLocal GovernmentUnitsQuezon CityCity of ManilaCaloocan CityMarikina CityValenzuela CityMandaluyongCitySan Juan CityPasay CityNavotasMalabonParanaqueCityPasig CityTaguig City
  • 53. AIR POLLUTIONMONITORINGEMISSIONINVENTORYDATABASEMAP DATA BACKGROUNDDATAUSERINTERFACEGRAPHICSGISINTERNETABATEMENT STRATEGYPLANNING AND DECISION-MAKINGDISPERSIONEXPOSURE MODELSUSERSELEMENTS OF THE AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMSource NILU 2001
  • 54. Air QualityMonitoring
  • 55. EMISSION INVENTORIES1. Stationary 2. Mobile 3. Area
  • 56. 780,2521,643,8783,200,96828,74033,033311,582221,980CARSUVSUVTruckBusesMC/TCTrailer2009 Registered Motor Vehicle by Type
  • 57. Abatement Strategies• Anti-smoke belching operations• Garage Testing• Switch to cleaner fuel• 5 % mandate of biofuels• Implement stricter standards• Traffic improvement plan• I/M program• IEC• Street sweeping, greening
  • 58. ANTI-SMOKE BLECHING OPERATIO
  • 59. GARAGE TESTING
  • 60. GREENING PROGRAMS
  • 61. STREET CLEANING
  • 62. Environmental ManagementConstruction SitesProhibiting the use ofbagged cement and on-sitemixing of concrete andmortarAdopting construction sitedust prevention measuressuchas the requirement ofenclosures and covers
  • 63. Challenges• Establish an Environment and NaturalResources Office (ENRO) which shall beheaded by an ENRO officer appointed bythe chief executive responsible forimplementing air pollution controlprograms• Allocate resources, both human powerand financial, to fullfil all the requiredactivities to effectively implement RA 8749
  • 64. Challenges• Establish ambient air monitoring station• Improve attendance in Airshed GoverningBoard Meetings• Strengthen capacity of staff on air qualitymanagement
  • 65. Let’s keep these in MIND• Keeping the air cleanis EVERYBODY’Sduty• Pollution control ismost effective when allsectors of society worktogether as aT E A M