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“imagine all the people series” - Brazilian Foreign-Born Immigrants in  BostonAlvaro Lima – Director of Research - BRAREMI...
BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT           “imagine all the people” is a series produced by the Boston            Redevelopment ...
BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT (CONT.)   For the analysis of Brazilian foreign-born population we used 2000    Census Public U...
•POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS                                                                              Brazilians by Gen...
BRAZILIANPOPULATION BYCENSUS TRACTS   Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division                      Analysis, ...
•EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT               Brazilians are more likely to hold a high school diploma (28%) than                ...
•OCCUPATIONS              A little over two thirds of Brazilians in Boston are employed.              The labor force pa...
•SELF-EMPLOYMENT              More than 13% of Brazilians in Boston are self-employed, a rate more               than thr...
ECONOMIC IMPACT USING REMI POLICY INSIGHT   Two-Part AnalysisImpact of Consumer Spending by Brazilians inBostonImpact of ...
•IMPACT OF CONSUMERS SPENDING              Brazilian immigrants contribute to Boston’s economy through their             ...
DATA USED TO CALCULATE TOTAL CONSUMER SPENDING       Population                                                      7,173...
REMI INPUTS - IMPACT OF BRAZILIAN CONSUMER SPENDING                                                           Percent of T...
REMI RESULTS – IMPACT OF BRAZILIAN CONSUMER SPENDING   Number of Jobs Supported in Massachusetts                1,104   Gr...
•IMPACT OF BRAZILIAN OWNED BUSINESSES              Brazilians contribute to Boston’s economy through entrepreneurship.   ...
DATA USED TO CALCULATE IMPACT OF BRAZILIAN OWNED      BUSINESSES       No. of Businesses                                 1...
REMI INPUTS – IMPACT OF BRAZILIAN OWNED BUSINESSES       Variable                          Detail                         ...
REMI RESULTS – IMPACT OF BRAZILIAN OWNED BUSINESSES       Total Number of Direct and Indirect Jobs Supported in Massachuse...
•TOTAL ECONOMIC IMPACT OF BRAZILIANS      Total Number of Jobs Created                           1,757      Gross Regional...
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Brazilian Immigrants in Boston - Remi Presentation

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How to use REMI to calculate the economic contributions of Brazilian immigrants to the Boston economy.

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Transcript of "Brazilian Immigrants in Boston - Remi Presentation"

  1. 1. “imagine all the people series” - Brazilian Foreign-Born Immigrants in BostonAlvaro Lima – Director of Research - BRAREMI PRESENTATION
  2. 2. BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT  “imagine all the people” is a series produced by the Boston Redevelopment Authority Research Division for the Mayor’s Office of New Bostonians that highlights immigrant communities in Boston and their contributions to Boston’s social, cultural and economic life.  As part of the series and as one of the top ten foreign-born communities in Boston, Brazilian community was a first community we analyzed. BOSTON’S TOP TEN COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN Haiti 10% Dominican Republic 8% China* 7% Vietnam 6% El Salvador 4% Jamaica 4% Cape Verde 4% Colombia 3% Ireland 3% Brazil 3% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12%*China mainland only, excludes Hong Kong and TaiwanSource: U.S. Census 2000, BRA Research Division Analysis
  3. 3. BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT (CONT.) For the analysis of Brazilian foreign-born population we used 2000 Census Public Use Microdata (5%) Sample (PUMS), and performed special tabulations in order to find out the main socio-demographic characteristics:  POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS  EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT  OCCUPATIONS  SELF-EMPLOYMENT REMI was used to calculate the economic contributions of Brazilian foreign-born people and Brazilian owned businesses in Boston.  CONUSMER SPENDING IMPACT  ENTREPRENEURSHIP IMPACT
  4. 4. •POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS Brazilians by Gender Brazilians by Age  Over 7,000 foreign-born 9% Brazilians live in Boston. 41% 47%  Most are male (53%), 53% single (45%) and 50% 50% are between the ages 20 and 34 – a greater portion of young adults Male Female 0-19 20-34 35+ than in the general Boston Population (33%) Brazilians by Citizenship Status 15%  Fifteen percent of Brazilian foreign-born immigrants in Boston are U.S. citizens by 85% naturalization. Naturalized Citizens Non CitizensSources: U.S. Census 2000, PUMS (5%) Sample, BRA Research Division Analysis
  5. 5. BRAZILIANPOPULATION BYCENSUS TRACTS Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  6. 6. •EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT  Brazilians are more likely to hold a high school diploma (28%) than all native born (25%) and foreign-born (22%). Educational Attainment for Population 25 Years and Older Brazilians Foreign-Born Native-Born 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Less than High School Some High School High School Diploma Some College Associate Degree Bachelors Degree Graduate/Professional Degree or HigheSources: U.S. Census 2000, PUMS (5%) Sample, BRA Research Division Analysis
  7. 7. •OCCUPATIONS  A little over two thirds of Brazilians in Boston are employed.  The labor force participation rate of Brazilians is 75%, compared with 63% for the rest of the population.  The unemployment rate among Brazilians is 3%, compared to 7% citywide. Occupations for Population 25 Years and Older Brazilians Foreign-Born Native-Born 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% ManagerialTechnical, Sales & Administrative Support and Professional ServiceConstruction, Extraction & Production OccupationsSocial Services Occupations and Media Occupations Occupations Transportation Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports Community and OtherSources: U.S. Census 2000, PUMS (5%) Sample, BRA Research Division Analysis
  8. 8. •SELF-EMPLOYMENT  More than 13% of Brazilians in Boston are self-employed, a rate more than three times that of the foreign–born population and almost four times the self-employment rate of the native population.  A high self-employment rate may be explained by high rates of financial capital among Brazilians as well as the fact that they emigrated from a country that also has a high self-employment rate. Share of Self Employed Workers Brazilians Foreign-Born 16.0% 14.0% 12.0% 10.0% 8.0% 6.0% 4.0% 2.0% 0.0% Self EmployedSources: U.S. Census 2000, PUMS (5%) Sample, BRA Research Division Analysis
  9. 9. ECONOMIC IMPACT USING REMI POLICY INSIGHT Two-Part AnalysisImpact of Consumer Spending by Brazilians inBostonImpact of Brazilian Owned Businesses inBoston
  10. 10. •IMPACT OF CONSUMERS SPENDING  Brazilian immigrants contribute to Boston’s economy through their spending.  REMI calculated the value of goods and services consumed on each dollar spent.  Brazilians spend, from their after tax earnings, nearly $132 million in Boston, annually.  These annual expenditures:  Generate a regional product of $124 million in local expending;  Generate $36 million in State and Federal taxes;  Create 1,104 indirect jobs in the local economy.Sources: U.S. Census 2000, PUMS (5%) Sample, BRA Research Division Analysis
  11. 11. DATA USED TO CALCULATE TOTAL CONSUMER SPENDING Population 7,173 Average Household Size (National Average) 2.7 Number of Households 2,657 Per Capita Income (2005 Estimates Based on National Data) $ 24,714 Average Household Income $ 66,728 Total Gross Income $ 177,274,143 Amount of Income Sent Back to Brazil* $ 10,902,960 Amount of Gross Income Retained Locally $ 166,371,183 Effective Amount of Income Spent in Boston (After Taxes) $ 132,334,548 * $342 / month per household sent back to BrazilSources:
  12. 12. REMI INPUTS - IMPACT OF BRAZILIAN CONSUMER SPENDING Percent of Total Expenditures (Consumer Exp REMI Variable Detail Survey) 2005 State Sales Tax Total Consumer Spending (amount) Vehicles and Parts 0.134 16,846,188 886,641 17,732,829.39 Computers and Consumer Spending (amount) Furniture 0.029 3,645,817 191,885 3,837,701.88 Consumer Spending (amount) Other Durables 0.014 1,760,049 92,634 1,852,683.67 Consumer Spending (amount) Food and Beverages 0.147 19,453,179 398,790 19,851,968.67 Consumer Spending (amount) Clothing and Shoes 0.039 5,161,047 5,161,047.36 Consumer Spending (amount) Gasoline and Oil 0.028 3,705,367 389,064 4,094,430.91 Consumer Spending (amount) Fuel Oil and Coal 0.01 1,323,345 1,323,345.48 Consumer Spending (amount) Other Non-durables 0.017 2,249,687 112,484 2,362,171.68 Consumer Spending (amount) Housing 0.296 39,171,026 39,171,026.12 Consumer Spending (amount) Household Operation 0.018 2,382,022 2,382,021.86 Consumer Spending (amount) Transportation 0.01 1,323,345 1,323,345.48 Consumer Spending (amount) Medical Care 0.048 6,352,058 6,352,058.29 Consumer Spending (amount) Other Services 0.21 27,790,255 27,790,255.02 TOTAL 1 131,163,387 2,071,499 132,334,548 Government Spending state 9,517,013 Suffolk 1,016,945 4 Co. Region 4,955,655Sources:
  13. 13. REMI RESULTS – IMPACT OF BRAZILIAN CONSUMER SPENDING Number of Jobs Supported in Massachusetts 1,104 Gross Regional Product Contribution (Massachusetts) $ 123,646,096 Total Output Contribution (Massachusetts) $ 203,505,300 Indirect Personal Income Generated (Massachusetts) $ 38,060,000 Total State Income Tax Paid $ 7,445,514 Total State Sales Taxes Paid $ 2,071,499 Total Federal Income Taxes Paid $ 26,591,121Sources:
  14. 14. •IMPACT OF BRAZILIAN OWNED BUSINESSES  Brazilians contribute to Boston’s economy through entrepreneurship.  They own more than 150 small businesses in the greater Boston area specializing in restaurants, grocery, travel and insurance among other industry sectors.  Combined these businesses:  Represent more than $40 million in annual sales;  Employ more than 400 people;  Contribute $24 million to the regional product;  Contribute $2 million in State and Federal taxes;  Contribute to a total of 653 direct and indirect jobs to the region.Sources: U.S. Census 2000, PUMS (5%) Sample, BRA Research Division Analysis
  15. 15. DATA USED TO CALCULATE IMPACT OF BRAZILIAN OWNED BUSINESSES No. of Businesses 150 Total Number of Employees (Direct Jobs) 400 Restaurants 200 Grocery Stores 100 Travel Agencies 60 Insurance Agencies 40Sources:
  16. 16. REMI INPUTS – IMPACT OF BRAZILIAN OWNED BUSINESSES Variable Detail 2005 Industry Employment (Industry Sales / Intl Exports) (number) Food services, drinking places -200 Industry Employment (Industry Sales / Intl Exports) (number) Retail trade -100 Industry Employment (Industry Sales / Intl Exports) (number) Administrative, support services -60 Industry Employment (Industry Sales / Intl Exports) (number) Ins carriers, rel act -40 Government Spending (amount) State -$181,855Sources:
  17. 17. REMI RESULTS – IMPACT OF BRAZILIAN OWNED BUSINESSES Total Number of Direct and Indirect Jobs Supported in Massachusetts 653 2005 Non-Direct Jobs Supported in Massachusetts 253 Total Gross Regional Product Contribution in Massachusetts $ 60,719,065 Non-Direct Gross Regional Product Contribution in Massachusetts (Non-Brazilian) $ 23,542,230 Total Output Contribution in Massachusetts $ 108,868,685 Non-Direct Output Contribution in Massachusetts (Non-Brazilian) $ 42,210,987 Total Personal Income Generated in Massachusetts $ 26,180,000 Non-Direct Personal Income Generated in Massachusetts (Non- Brazilian) $ 10,150,611 -200 -100 Total State Income Tax paid (Non-Direct/Non Brazilian Workers) $ 426,326 -60 Total State Sales Taxes Paid (Non-Direct/Non Brazilian Workers) $ 25,504 -40 Total Federal Income Taxes Paid (Non-Direct/Non Brazilian Workers) $ 1,522,592 -$181,855Sources:
  18. 18. •TOTAL ECONOMIC IMPACT OF BRAZILIANS Total Number of Jobs Created 1,757 Gross Regional Product contribution (Massachusetts) $147,188,326 Total Output Contribution in Massachusetts $245,716,287 Total Non-direct Personal Income Generated in Massachusetts $ 48,210,611 Total State Income Taxes Generated $ 7,871,840 Total State Sales Taxes Generated $ 2,097,003 Total Federal Income Taxes Generated $ 28,113,713Sources:
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