Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Demographic and Socio-economic Trends in Boston
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Demographic and Socio-economic Trends in Boston

659
views

Published on

A profile of Boston's economy and demographic characteristics utilizing mostly, data the Decennial Censuses and the American Community Survey (ACS).

A profile of Boston's economy and demographic characteristics utilizing mostly, data the Decennial Censuses and the American Community Survey (ACS).


0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
659
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
16
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Demographic and Socio-economic Trends in Boston:What we’ve learned from the latest Census data Mark Melnik, Deputy Director for Research Boston Redevelopment Authority November 29, 2011
  • 2. Outline of Presentation• Selected demographic trends • Growth • Diversity • Youth • Education• Selected socio-economic trends • Historic employment and unemployment trends • Educational attainment of labor force • Labor force characteristics 2
  • 3. Boston is Growing 3
  • 4. Historic Trends – Boston’s Population• Boston reached its population peak in 1950• Boston’s population, like many major cities, declined after 1950• In recent decades, Boston’s population has grown• The 2010 Census marks the first time since 1970 that Boston’s population has been over 600,000 850,000 801,444 800,000 750,000 697,197 700,000 641,071 650,000 617,594 600,000 574,283 589,141 550,000 562,994 500,000 450,000 400,000 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis 4
  • 5. Major Northeastern Cities and Population Change, 2010 Census• Boston’s population growth since 2000 compares favorably to most other northeastern cities Population Change Total Population City 2000-2010 2000 2010 N % Washington (DC) 572,059 601,723 29,664 5.2% Worcester (MA) 172,648 181,045 8,397 4.9% Boston (MA) 589,141 617,594 28,453 4.8% Cambridge (MA) 101,355 105,162 3,807 3.8% Elizabeth (NJ) 120,568 124,969 4,401 3.7% Hartford (CT) 121,578 124,775 3,197 2.6% Providence (RI) 173,618 178,042 4,424 2.5% New York (NY) 8,008,278 8,175,133 166,855 2.1% Newark (NJ) 273,546 277,140 3,594 1.3% Springfield (MA) 152,082 153,060 978 0.6% Philadelphia (PA) 1,517,550 1,526,006 8,456 0.6% Baltimore (MD) 651,154 620,961 -30,193 -4.6% Pittsburgh (PA) 334,563 305,704 -28,859 -8.6% Buffalo (NY) 292,648 261,310 -31,338 -10.7% Source: US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis 5
  • 6. 20 Largest US Cities and Population Change, 2010 Census• Boston’s population growth rate since 2000 was higher than the rates for New York and San Francisco• Four of the 20 largest cities experienced population declines between 2000 and 2010 Total Population Population Change 2000-2010 City 2000 2010 N % Fort Worth (TX) 534,694 741,206 206,512 38.6% Charlotte (NC) 540,828 731,424 190,596 35.2% Austin (TX) 656,562 790,390 133,828 20.4% San Antonio (TX) 1,144,646 1,327,407 182,761 16.0% El Paso (TX) 563,662 649,121 85,459 15.2% Jacksonville (FL) 735,617 821,784 86,167 11.7% Columbus (OH) 711,470 787,033 75,563 10.6% Nashville (TN) 545,524 601,222 55,698 10.2% Phoenix (AZ) 1,321,045 1,445,632 124,587 9.4% Seattle (WA) 563,374 608,660 45,286 8.0% Houston (TX) 1,953,631 2,099,451 145,820 7.5% San Diego (CA) 1,223,400 1,307,402 84,002 6.9% San Jose (CA) 894,943 945,942 50,999 5.7% Washington (DC) 572,059 601,723 29,664 5.2% Indianapolis (IN) 781,870 820,445 38,575 4.9% Boston (MA) 589,141 617,594 28,453 4.8% San Francisco (CA) 776,733 805,235 28,502 3.7% Los Angeles (CA) 3,694,820 3,792,621 97,801 2.6% New York City (NY) 8,008,278 8,175,133 166,855 2.1% Dallas (TX) 1,188,580 1,197,816 9,236 0.8% Source: US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis 6
  • 7. Housing Units and Average Household Size• Boston’s housing stock has grown consistently over the last 40 years• Boston’s housing stock grew 8.2% since 2000 280,000 270,000 272,481 260,000 250,000 240,000 250,863251,935 230,000 238,695 241,304 232,401 220,000 210,000 222,079 200,000 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 3.5 3.39 3 2.95 2.5 2.77 2.40 2.37 2.31 2 2.26 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis 7
  • 8. Boston is Diverse 8
  • 9. Racial and Ethnic Breakdown for Boston’s Population, 1980-2010• Over the last several decades, the racial and ethnic composition of Boston has changed a great deal• In 1980, close to 70% of Boston was white. Today, only half the city is white.• The last two Census reports show Boston as a “majority-minority” city 1980 1990 1% 3% 0% 5% 1% 6% 11%22% 24% 59% 68% 2000 2010 3% 2% 2% 8% 1% 9% 0% 0% 14% 50% 18% 47% 22% 24% Source: U.S. Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis. Note: 2000 was the first year the Census compiled data on individuals who identified themselves as “multiracial” 9
  • 10. Proportion of the Population that is Foreign-Born, 1850-2009 • Historically, Boston has had a greater proportion of foreign-born residents than both the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the nation as a whole • Since the 1970s, the proportion of foreign-born residents in Boston has grown dramatically40% Boston35% Massachusetts United States30%25%20%15%10%5%0% 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2006 2009 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis 10
  • 11. Countries of Origin for Boston’s Foreign-BornPopulation, 2010• Most of Boston’s immigrants today come from the Caribbean, Latin American, and Asia• This plays a major factor in “majority-minority” Haiti 10.2% China 8.9%Dominican Republic 8.3% Vietnam 4.2% El Salvador 4.2% Jamaica 4.2% Colombia 3.3% Ireland 3.3% Brazil 3.1% Trinidad & Tobago 2.5% 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% 10.0% 12.0% Source: 2010 Census, BRA Research Division Analysis. 11
  • 12. 25 Largest US Cities by Foreign Born Population• Boston ranks 6th among the 25 largest Foreign % Foreign Population City cities in the US in proportion of the Born Rank Born Rank 1 39.1% Los Angeles, CA 2 population that is foreign-born 2 38.6% San Jose, CA 10 3 37.2% New York, NY 1 4 35.5% San Francisco, CA 13 5 28.7% Houston, TX 4 Nativity 6 26.9% Boston, MA 22 7 26.1% San Diego, CA 8 8 25.3% Dallas, TX 9 27% 9 24.6% El Paso, TX 19 10 20.7% Chicago, IL 3 11 20.0% Phoenix, AZ 6 12 18.7% Austin, TX 14 13 17.2% Seattle, WA 23 14 16.9% Fort Worth, TX 16 15 14.4% San Antonio, TX 7 16 14.4% Charlotte, NC 17 17 13.5% Washington, DC 24 73% 18 12.2% Nashville, TN 25 19 11.6% Philadelphia, PA 5 20 11.0% Columbus, OH 15 21 9.4% Jacksonville, FL 11 Native Foreign-Born 22 9.0% Indianapolis, IN 12 23 7.1% Baltimore, MD 21 24 6.2% Memphis, TN 20 25 4.8% Detroit, MI 18 Source: 2010 American Community Survey, US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis 12
  • 13. Planning District Diversity Index: 2000-2010• Most of Boston’s planning districts are more diverse today than in 2000 North Dorches… 2010 2000 Back Bay/ 0.80 Beacon… South 0.70 Harbor Boston 0.60 Islands 0.50 Mattapan 0.40 Boston 0.30 Charlesto 0.20 South End wn 0.10 0.00 West Roslindale Roxbury Central Hyde Park Allston/ Jamaica Brighton Plain Feneway/ Roxbury Kenmore East Boston 13 Source: US Census 2010, BRA Research Division Analysis
  • 14. Linguistic Isolation In 2010, 12.4% of households in Boston were without a resident 14 years or older that spoke English very well; this was an increase from 10.7% of households in 2000 The rise in linguistically isolated Spanish households reflects the high growth rate of foreign-born Hispanic households between 2000 and 201060.0%50.0% 48.3% 43.1% 38.5%40.0% 30.5%30.0% 27.7% 27.8% 20.6% 19.8%20.0%10.0% 0.0% Spanish households Other Indo- Asian and Pacific Other languages European languages Island languages households households 2000 2010 Source: 2000 US Census Summary File 3 and2010 American Community Survey BRA Research Division Analysis 14
  • 15. English Proficiency An estimated 8.5% of Bostonians had limited English proficiency in 2009; this increased about 0.8% from the same statistic in 2000. A higher percentage of foreign born residents have Limited English proficiency in 2009 than in 2000 2000 7.7% 2009 8.5% 92.3% 91.5% English Proficient English Proficient Limited English Proficiency Limited English Proficiency Source: 2000 Census Public Use Microdata Sample and 2009 American Community Survey, Public Use Microdata Sample BRA Research Division Analysis 15
  • 16. Boston is Young 16
  • 17. Breakdown of Boston’s Population by Age • Boston is a young city; currently it has the highest concentration of young adults (20-34) among 15 of the largest cities in the US 20 to 34-Year- % of Total Location City Olds Population QuotientBoston 216,213 35.0% 1.73 AgeAustin 251,064 31.8% 1.57Washington DC 188,855 31.4% 1.55 19% 22%Atlanta 127,101 30.3% 1.49Seattle 181,501 29.8% 1.47San Francisco 228,738 28.4% 1.40Chicago 738,578 27.4% 1.35Dallas 314,728 26.3% 1.29 24%Houston 545,071 26.0% 1.28Baltimore 160,024 25.8% 1.27 35%Philadelphia 392,776 25.7% 1.27Los Angeles 953,443 25.1% 1.24 0-19 years 20-34 yearsNew York 2,035,030 24.9% 1.23 35-54 years 55 and olderSan Antonio 304,784 23.0% 1.13Phoenix 330,885 22.9% 1.13 Source: Age – 2010 Census, BRA Research Division Analysis 17
  • 18. Boston is Educated 18
  • 19. Educational Attainment of Population, 2000 and 2010• Boston has one of the most highly-educated populations among major American cities. According to the 2010 American Community Survey, 44.3% of Boston’s adult population has at least a bachelor’s degree, ranking Boston 4th amongst the 25 largest cities in the nation. 30.0% 120,000 23.8% 24.5% 25.0% 100,000 21.1% 24.0% 19.8% 20.0% 19.4% 80,000 20.2% 14.2% 17.7% 15.0% 60,000 15.3% 10.0% 40,000 5.0% 20,000 0.0% - Less than high High school Some college or Bachelors Graduate or school diploma graduate associates degree professional (includes degree degree equivalency) 2000 2010 % of 2000 Population % of 2010 Population Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3, 2010 American Community Survey, US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis 19
  • 20. Educational Attainment of 25 Largest US Cities by Bachelor’sDegree or Greater (25 years and older) Bachelors Graduate or Bachelors Rank City degree professional degree or greater 1 Seattle, Washington 33.1% 22.9% 56.0% 2 San Francisco, California 31.4% 19.5% 50.9% 3 Washington, District of Columbia 23.2% 26.9% 50.1% 4 Boston, Massachusetts 24.5% 19.8% 44.3% 5 Austin, Texas 27.5% 16.1% 43.6% 6 Portland, Oregon 26.3% 15.9% 42.2% 7 Denver, Colorado 25.4% 15.5% 40.9% 8 San Diego, California 24.1% 16.3% 40.4% 9 Charlotte, North Carolina 25.9% 12.8% 38.7% 10 San Jose, California 23.2% 13.4% 36.6% 11 Nashville-Davidson, Tennessee 20.0% 13.6% 33.6% 12 Chicago, Illinois 20.2% 13.2% 33.4% 13 New York, New York 19.9% 13.4% 33.3% 14 Columbus, Ohio 21.3% 10.4% 31.7% 15 Los Angeles, California 20.4% 10.3% 30.7% 16 Dallas, Texas 18.5% 10.4% 28.9% 17 Houston, Texas 17.4% 11.0% 28.4% 18 Louisville-Jefferson, Kentucky 16.4% 11.0% 27.4% 19 Indianapolis, Indiana 17.6% 9.0% 26.6% 20 Fort Worth, Texas 18.5% 7.5% 26.0% Source: 2010 American Community Survey, US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis 20
  • 21. Socio-economic Characteristics 21
  • 22. Historic Unemployment Trend:1979-2010• Boston’s unemployment rate is typically lower than national and state rates• As of January 2011, Boston’s unemployment rate was 7.8; two points lower than the national average 12.0 United States10.0 Massachusetts Boston 8.0 6.0 4.0 2.0 0.0 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: Bureau Labor of Statistics and MA Division of Employment and Training (DET) 22
  • 23. Household Income  The distribution of income in Boston is more polarized than in 2000.  The share of middle income households is getting smaller, while the share of low income and high income households increased. Household Income 2000 Household Income 2010 ACS Location Location(1999 Inflation-Adjusted (2009 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars) Estimate Percent Quotient Dollars) Estimate Percent QuotientLess than $10,000 37,230 15.5% 1.63 Less than $10,000 38,718 15.4% 2.08$10,000 to $14,999 15,764 6.6% 1.04 $10,000 to $14,999 15,509 6.2% 1.11$15,000 to $24,999 27,276 11.4% 0.89 $15,000 to $24,999 23,974 9.5% 0.88$25,000 to $34,999 27,496 11.5% 0.90 $25,000 to $34,999 20,198 8.0% 0.75$35,000 to $49,999 35,928 15.0% 0.91 $35,000 to $49,999 27,593 11.0% 0.77$50,000 to $74,999 41,496 17.3% 0.89 $50,000 to $74,999 39,015 15.5% 0.83$75,000 to $99,999 23,784 9.9% 0.97 $75,000 to $99,999 25,057 10.0% 0.81$100,000 to $149,999 18,496 7.7% 1.00 $100,000 to $149,999 31,559 12.5% 1.03$150,000 to $199,999 5,491 2.3% 1.04 $150,000 to $199,999 13,485 5.4% 1.29$200,000 or more 6,642 2.8% 1.17 $200,000 or more 16,613 6.6% 1.65 Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3, 2010 American Community Survey, US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis 23 .
  • 24. Employment Boston’s labor force grew by 18.5% from 2000 to 2010 Recessions in 2001 and 2008 has lead to the unemployed population in Boston to more than double in size since 2000 400,000 350,000 365,182 300,000 100% 308,107, 318,250 100% 87.1% 285,859 250,000 92.8% 200,000 150,000 100,000 46,932 12.9% 22,248 50,000 7.2% - Civilian labor force Employed Unemployed 2010 2000 Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3 and 2010 American Community Survey, US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis 24
  • 25. Labor Force Characteristics A greater percent of non-white residents are unemployed than white residents Unemployment appears to be particularly high among African-Americans in the city 70.0% Employment Status by Race 59.0% 60.0% 50.0% 40.0% 35.7% 32.1% 30.0% 20.2% 20.0% 17.0% 13.9% 10.0% 6.8%7.3% 1.8%2.6% 1.4%2.1% 0.0% White Hispanic Black Asian Two or more Other race races Employed Unemployed Source: 2010 American Community Survey, Public Use Microdata Sample BRA Research Division Analysis. 25
  • 26. Labor Force Characteristics  Young workers make up a larger portion of the unemployed than they make up amongst the employed.  The ratio of males to females that are employed is nearly 1:1; however, there are fewer unemployed females than unemployed males.50.0% 47.1% 47.1% 54.0%45.0% 53.4%40.0% 52.0% 35.5%35.0% 50.6% 30.3% 50.0%30.0% 49.4%25.0% 48.0%20.0% 46.6%15.0% 13.9% 13.0% 46.0%10.0% 8.7% 44.0% 5.0% 4.3% 0.0% 42.0% Under 20 20-34 35-55 55 and older Employed Unemployed Employed Unemployed Male Female Source: 2006-2010 American Community Survey, Public Use Microdata Sample BRA Research Division Analysis. 26
  • 27. Unemployment Characteristics Unemployment Subject Employed Unemployed Rate Male 157,163 17,152 9.8% Female 160,690 14,973 8.5% Under 20 Years 13,770 4,468 24.5% 20 to 34 Years 149,778 15,123 9.2% 35 to 54 Years 112,861 9,728 7.9% 55 Years+ 41,444 2,806 6.3% Less than High School 30,498 6,981 18.6% High School 60,085 9,434 13.6% Some College 58,767 7,894 11.8% Associates Degree 15,069 1,223 7.5% Bachelors Degree 91,624 4,806 5.0% Graduate Degree 61,810 1,787 2.8% White 175,845 10,046 5.4% Hispanic 46,747 6,715 12.6% Black 59,432 11,560 16.3% Asian 26,231 2,586 9.0% Two or More Races 4,404 640 12.7% Other Race 5,194 578 10.0%Source: 2006-2010 American Community Survey, Public Use Microdata SampleBRA Research Division Analysis. 27
  • 28. Planning District Characteristics 2006 - 2010 ACS 2000 Census Unemployment by Planning Unemployment Poverty District Poverty Status Unemployment Rate Rate StatusBoston 7.9% 15.0% 7.2% 19.5% Allston-Brighton 4.9% 23.1% 5.3% 23.0% 3.5% Back Bay-Beacon Hill 11.4% 6.0% 10.3% Central 4.8% 18.9% 8.9% 16.9% Charlestown 5.5% 16.8% 4.1% 17.5% East Boston 9.4% 15.0% 7.3% 19.5% Fenway-Kenmore 11.1% 38.3% 11.4% 37.3% Hyde Park 10.3% 11.0% 5.5% 10.4% Jamaica Plain 5.1% 14.3% 5.5% 20.9% Mattapan 15.0% 22.7% 9.7% 22.3% North Dorchester 11.8% 26.7% 9.6% 20.8% Roslindale 8.8% 14.0% 4.9% 13.6% Roxbury 17.7% 32.3% 11.6% 27.1% South Boston 5.6% 17.8% 5.0% 17.3% South Dorchester 14.7% 19.9% 7.9% 17.3% South End 12.3% 30.5% 6.9% 23.9% West Roxbury 6.3% 5.6% 3.0% 6.4% Source: 2006-2010 American Community Survey, 2000 Census, BRA Research Division Analysis. 28
  • 29. The BRA Research Division has put together profiles of Boston’sPlanning Districts, Neighborhoods, City Council Districts, and Wards,which can all be found here:http://www.bostonredevelopmentauthority.org/Research/Research.aspFor more information from the US Census Bureau, please visit:http://www.census.govThank you.

×