A definition: a method of measuring aperson’s ability, knowledge, orperformance in a given domain Takes place at identifiable times, undertime constraints Uses prepared administrative procedures Must be able to be measured andevaluated and reported
Is an ongoing processGives feedback to help students increasecompetence• Informal: e.g. impromptu feedback, marginalcomments on drafts Does not make fixed judgment or record results• Formal: e.g. review of journal writing or student’sportfolio
Written testsIndonesian Students taking a written testWritten tests are tests that areadministered on paper or on a computer. Atest taker who takes a written test couldrespond to specific items by writing ortyping within a given space of the test oron a separate form or document
Multiple choiceIn a test that has items formatted asmultiple choice questions, a candidatewould be given a number of set answersfor each question, and the candidate mustchoose which answer or group of answersis correct.
Alternative responseTrue/False questions present candidateswith a binary choice - a statement is eithertrue or false. This method presentsproblems, as depending on the number ofquestions.
Matching typeA matching item is an item that provides adefined term and requires a test taker tomatch identifying characteristics to thecorrect term
Completion typeA fill-in-the-blank item provides a test takerwith identifying characteristics and requiresthe test taker to recall the correct term
EssayItems such as short answer or essaytypically require a test taker to write aresponse to fulfill the requirements of theitem. In administrative terms, essay itemstake less time to construct.
Homeworkis a structured practice exercise thatusually plays a part in grading. Sometimesinstructors assign reading or otherhomework which covers the theoreticalaspects of the subject matter, so that theclass time can be used for more hands-onpractical work.
Case studies and problem-solvingassignments can be used to apply knowledge. This type ofassignment required the student to place himor herself in or react to a situation where theirprior learning is needed to solve the problemor evaluate the situation. Case studiesshould be realistic and practical with clearinstructions.
Projects are usually designed so that the students canapply many of the skills they have developedin the course by producing a product of somekind. Usually project assignments are givenearly in the course with a completion datetoward the end of the quarter. Examplesinclude: a newsletter for word processing, anoverhauled engine for auto mechanics, asmall production for a video class.
Portfolios are collections of student projects andproducts. Like a photographers portfoliothey should contain the best examples ofall of their work. For subjects that arepaper-based, the collection of a portfolio issimple.
Observationshould follow an established plan orchecklist organized around concrete,objective data. Observation needs to betied to the objectives of the course.