6.3 The Age Of Jackson


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Notes on material from Chapter 6, Section 3

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6.3 The Age Of Jackson

  1. 1. The Age of Jackson There was a growing spirit of democracy during Andrew Jackson’s presidency. Only age of US History named for American president!
  2. 2. Adams and Jackson In Conflict <ul><li>Adams: 1 st son of a president to be elected president himself. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remind you of anyone? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Harvard Educated </li></ul><ul><li>Career diplomat </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of State under President Monroe. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiated joint ownership of Oregon Country with Great Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author of the Monroe Doctrine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiated US purchase of Florida from Spain </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Adams and Jackson In Conflict <ul><li>Jackson grew up on the frontier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nickname: Old Hickory for courage & toughness during War of 1812 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fought in the American Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orphaned by age 15 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blamed British for the deaths of his mother & brothers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Little formal education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes frontier Lawyer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hero of the Battle of New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Conqueror of Spanish Florida: defeats Spanish, British & Seminole Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Fighter: defeated Creek Indians or Georgia & Seminole Indians of Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Duelist: challenges to a duel for challenging his character, personal honor, or the integrity of his wife </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Election of 1824 <ul><li>4 candidates ran for president. All were members of the (Democratic)-Republican Party </li></ul><ul><li>None won a majority of the electoral votes. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Although Jackson came in 1 st in the popular & electoral vote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Presidential election goes to the House of Representatives, where Henry Clay is Speaker of the House </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clay encourages his supports to give their votes to Adams </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adams wins the presidency! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry Clay named Secretary of State </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jackson & his supports declare Clay & Adams made a “corrupt bargain” to steal election from the American people. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Presidency of John Quincy Adams <ul><li>Attempts to redeem his father’s presidency. </li></ul><ul><li>As president attempted to continue Clay’s American System </li></ul><ul><li>Unsuccessful due to lack of support from a Congress controlled by Jackson supporters. </li></ul><ul><li>Elected to Congress 1831 until his death in 1848 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicated his later career to the abolition of slavery. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. A New Era in Politics <ul><li>The “corrupt bargain” caused many states to extend suffrage to all white males, dropping the property requirement. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to vote. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ the rich and the poor, the educated and the ignorant, the polite and the vulgar, all … feed at the same table.” </li></ul><ul><li>Followers of Jackson (Jacksonians) didn’t trust the government, were suspicious of banks and wealthy merchants and manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Split in the (Democratic)-Republican Party of Jefferson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic Party & Whig Party </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Previously Congress held a caucus to select presidential candidates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A meeting of members of a political party </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Beginning in 1831, national nominating conventions open the nominating process to more people making it more democratic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large meetings of party delegates to choose candidates for office. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Jackson Becomes President <ul><li>The election of 1828 one of the most vicious in history </li></ul><ul><li>Election was about character not the issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adams’ supporters even attack Rachel Jackson </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jackson wins a landslide victory over Adams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rachel Jackson dies two weeks after Jackson’s wins the election </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. “ To the Victor goes the Spoils!” <ul><li>Jackson’s election called a victory for the common man </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson’s Inauguration turns into a riot when the White House is opened to the public </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson establishes spoils systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The practice of rewarding government jobs to loyal supporters of the party that wins an election. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fires his political enemies and hires his political supporters and friends. </li></ul>