6.2 Dealing With Other Nations

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Notes on material from Chapter 6, Section 2

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6.2 Dealing With Other Nations

  1. 1. Dealing With Other Nations By issuing the Monroe Doctrine the United States signaled its interest in shaping events in the Americas.
  2. 2. Relations With Spain <ul><li>Spain’s control in Florida weakens </li></ul><ul><li>Runaway slaves from Alabama & Georgia join Seminole Nation </li></ul><ul><li>Seminoles attack & raid American territory </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson attacks & seizes Florida for the US in 1817. </li></ul><ul><li>Adams-Onis Treaty ceded Florida to the US in 1819. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Spanish Colonies Win Independence <ul><li>Father Miguel Hidalgo organized resistance against Spain in 1810 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hidalgo is captured & executed in 1811 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mexico wins independence from Spain in 1821 </li></ul><ul><li>Simon Bolivar (the liberator) leads Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, & Panama to independence from Spain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1825 most Latin American countries are driving out European powers. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Monroe Doctrine <ul><li>France & Russia wanted to help Spain retake its old colonies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This worried President Monroe & Secretary of State John Quincy Adams </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Establish the Monroe Doctrine: the US will NOT allow any European power to create any new colonies in the Western Hemisphere (North & South America) nor interfere with any of the new Latin American countries. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Relations With Canada <ul><li>Canada revolts against Britain in 1837 </li></ul><ul><li>British put down the rebellion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant Canadians powers of self-government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The right of the people to rule themselves independently </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Britain retains control of Canada’s foreign affairs, but internal matters are controlled by the people of Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>Border between Canada and the US remains unsettled until 1846. </li></ul>

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